|Institute of Physics Ernest Rutherford Medal & Prize|
|Awarded for||distinguished contributions to nuclear physics or nuclear technology.|
|Sponsored by||Institute of Physics|
|Presented by||Institute of Physics��|
Dedicated to the late Lord Rutherford of Nelson, the Rutherford Memorial Lecture was instituted by the Council of The Physical Society in 1939. The first lecture took place in 1942. The lecture was converted into a medal and prize in 1965, and the first Rutherford Medal and Prize was awarded the following year.
"The award shall be made for distinguished research in nuclear physics or nuclear technology. The medal shall be bronze and shall be accompanied by a prize of £1000 and a certificate."
- 1942 Harold Roper Robinson
- 1944 John Cockcroft
- 1946 Mark Oliphant
- 1948 Ernest Marsden
- 1950 Alexander Smith Russell
- 1952 Rudolf Peierls
- 1954 Patrick Blackett
- 1956 Philip Dee
- 1958 Niels Bohr: Reminiscences of the Founder of Nuclear Science and of Some Developments Based on his Work
- 1960 Cecil Powell
- 1962 Denys Wilkinson
- 1964 Peter Fowler: π mesons versus cancer?
Rutherford Medal (from 1966)
- 1966 Peter Kapitza
- 1968 Brian Flowers
- 1970 Samuel Devons
- 1972 Aage Bohr
- 1973 James MacDonald Cassels
- 1974 Albert Edward Litherland
- 1976 Joan Maie Freeman and Roger Blin-Stoyle
- 1978 Paul Taunton Matthews
- 1980 Paul Gayleard Murphy and John Thresher: for their contribution to elementary-particle physics, through the measurement of elastic scattering and polarization differential cross-sections for pion-proton scattering
- 1982 David Maurice Brink
- 1984 Peter Higgs and Tom W. B. Kibble
- 1986 Alan Astbury
- 1988 John Dowell and Peter I P Kalmus
- 1990 Roger Julian Noel Phillips
- 1992 Erwin Gabathuler and Terry Sloan
- 1994 Phil Elliott
- 1996 David Vernon Bugg
- 1998 Anthony Michael Hillas
- 2000 William Robert Phillips
- 2002 Peter John Dornan, David Plane and Wilber Venus
- 2004 David L. Wark
- 2006 Ken Peach: for his contributions to high energy physics as leader of key experiments at CERN investigating CP violation, and as director of particle physics at CCLRC's Rutherford Appleton Laboratory where he has played a key role in reviving accelerator science for particle physics applications in the UK
- 2008 Dr Alan Copestake, Dr Stephen Walley, Mr John Stewart Kiltie, Mr Chris Weston and Mr Brian Griffin: for the development of a long-life nuclear reactor core for UK submarines
- 2010 Martin Freer: for establishing the existence of nuclear configurations analogous to molecules and demonstrating the existence of nucleon-clustering in key light nuclei, a long-standing issue in the field
- 2012 Peter A. Butler: for his outstanding work in the field of experimental nuclear physics and his dynamic contributions to the future direction of the field
- 2014 Paul J. Nolan: for his outstanding contributions to Nuclear structure at extremes of angular momentum and his leading role in the development of segmented Germanium detector technology
- 2016 John Simpson: for his outstanding leadership in the development of new detector technologies and systems for experimental nuclear physics research within the UK and Europe, and for his seminal contributions to our understanding of the structure of atomic nuclei, especially in revealing new properties of nuclei at the limits of angular momentum, deformation, and stability
- 2019 Philip Walker: for advances in understanding metastable nuclear states: their origins, properties and applications 
- Institute of Physics: Subject awards, Institute of Physics
- The Rutherford medal and prize, Institute of Physics.
- "Institute of Physics presents annual awards". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 33 (7): 58. 1980. doi:10.1063/1.2914175. ISSN 0031-9228.
- "Rutherford medal recipients". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "2008 Rutherford medal and prize". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "2010 Rutherford medal and prize". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "2012 Rutherford medal and prize". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "2014 Rutherford medal and prize". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "2016 Rutherford Medal and prize of the Institute of Physics". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "2019 Ernest Rutherford Medal". IOP. Retrieved 22 October 2019.