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|Household of His Majesty the King of Spain|
Insignia of the Royal Household
|Role||Executive office of the King|
|Country||Kingdom of Spain|
|Responsible to||King Felipe VI|
|Head of the Household||Jaime Alfonsín Alfonso|
|Secretary-General||Lt Gen. Domingo Martínez Palomo|
|Constitution instrument||1978 Constitution|
|Previous name||Royal Household and Heritage of the Crown of Spain|
The Royal Household of Spain, officially Household of His Majesty the King of Spain, is the constitutional body who’s primary function is to provide aid and support to the King of Spain in the exercise of his royal duties and prerogatives. These include his role as head of state and the Supreme Commander of the Spanish Armed Forces. It functions as the king’s executive office.
The household is under the direct authority of the king, who personally selects the individuals he chooses to aid him in his constitutional duties. It is a constitutional institution as laid down in Spain’s constitution of 1978. While the household is part of Spain’s governmental structure it is not under the control or influence of any other state institution. The household ensures that the king has the independent means to perform all of his state functions. In particular it is not under the administrative control of the Prime Minister or the Council of Ministers. The only authority to whom it answers is the king himself.
One of the households primary functions is to facilitate communications between the king and the other state authorities. It is responsible for written and oral communications between the king and the government departments. It organizes and schedules meetings between the King, the Prime Minister, Ministers, Deputy Ministers, State Secretaries and Under Secretaries and other officials.
Its budget, like those of the Office of the Prime Minister; the Council of Ministers; the Supreme Court; the Armed Forces and many others, are approved by the houses of the Spanish Parliament on a yearly basis.
The current Royal Household has its historical precedent in the Royal Household and Heritage of the Crown of Spain which was made defunct by the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic in 1931. Following the eventual restoration of the monarchy and Juan Carlos I's accession to the throne as king in 1975, a new Royal Household was established. This new household was completely different from the former Court of his grandfather Alfonso XIII; The modern Royal Household is much simpler than the precedent institution and it was decided not to recreate the majority of offices which existed in the old Royal Household, maintaining basically the Head of the Royal Household and the Secretary General of the Royal Household. Both these offices are held by professional, senior civil servants, even if they come from the nobility.
Royal Household budget
According to article 65(1) of the 1978 constitution , the Head of State is entitled to compensation from the annual state budget for the maintenance of his family and household administration, and distributes these funds at his discretion.
This budget is used to pay the salaries of members of the royal family who perform duties on behalf of the Spanish state. It also pays for the salaries and benefits ( retirement, medical etc. ) of the staff who work directly for the Household of his Majesty the King. The budget approved for 2018 is €7,887,150. Less than 9% of this budget was assigned to the salaries of the royal family. For the 2018 budget the royal salaries were as follows:
His Majesty the King €242,769.
Her Majesty the Queen €133,530.
His Majesty the King Emeritus €194,232
Her Majesty the Queen Emeritus €109,260
Her Royal highness the Princess of Austria’s € 0
Her Royal highness the Infanta Sophia € 0
The two princesses are currently in school and do not perform public functions and as such do not receive a salary. Once they come of age they will assume public duties and be granted a salary in order to accomplish those duties 
The 2018 budget assigned the following salaries to the top leadership of the royal household:
Head of the Household €140,374
Secretary General of the Household €137,951
Head of the Military Household €110,901
Financial Comptroller €101,808
Diplomatic Counselor €134,701
Cabinet Chief €106,006
Secretary to Her Majesty the Queen €104,895
Chief of the Security Service €104,187
Director of communications €101,345
Chief of protocol €101,323
Chief of administration and infrastructure €105,897
According to article 65(2) of the 1978 constitution, "The King freely appoints and dismisses the civilian and military members of his household."
In accordance with article 65(2), the authority to organize the royal household of his Majesty the King is vested in the Monarch. In the exercise of this authority the king chooses what officers and departments form a part of the royal household. He also determines the functions and duties that they are responsible for carrying out. The sovereign exercises this authority in the form of a Royal Decree.
The current structure of the royal household is set down in Royal decree 434/1988 and subsequent amendments to it as ordered by the king.
Head of the Household
The Head of the Household is responsible for operation of the services. In the field of economic, financial, budgetary and accounting management, a Controller, with managerial rank, is assigned to the Head of H.M. The King's Household.
The Heads of the Household have successively been:
- 1975–1990 — Nicolás Cotoner, 22nd Marquess of Mondéjar, Grandee of Spain
- 1990–1993 — Sabino Fernández Campo, 1st Count of Latores, Grandee of Spain
- 1993–2002 — Fernando Almansa, 10th Viscount of Castillo de Almansa, Grandee of Spain
- 2002–2011 — Alberto Aza
- 2011–2014 — Rafael Spottorno
- 2014–present — Jaime Alfonsín
The Secretary General is the Deputy Head of H.M. The King's Household and responsible for the co-ordination of all its services. He also replaces the Head of the Household in the case of absence or illness. The General Secretariat is divided into units, whose heads form the Household's management team.
The Planning & Co-ordination Cabinet is the support unit for both the Head of the Household and the Secretary General, with assistance and immediate collaboration tasks in the fulfillment of the duties assigned to them. The Bureau and Activities and Programmes form part of this Cabinet.
The Office of H.M. The Queen's Secretary carries out the study, preparation and implementation of all matters related to H.M. The Queen's activities, as well as those of Their Royal Highnesses The Infantas.
Formerly there was the Office of H.R.H. The Prince of Asturias' Secretary before Felipe VI's accession to the throne in 2014. This was responsible for carrying out the study, preparation and implementation of all matters related to the activities of Felipe and his wife. Following Juan Carlos I's abdication. An office for him was created.
The Security Service is responsible for the Royal Family’s immediate security. It has a Commander and is composed of members of the State Security Forces, assigned by the Ministry of the Interior.
Communications maintains contact with professionals from the media, informing them of the official activities of the Royal Family, as well as their contents and organisation.
Protocol prepares and manages all aspects pertaining to protocol of the Royal Family’s different activities, both in Spain and abroad.
Administration, Infrastructure and Services manages the financial and budgetary side, as well as matters pertaining to the Household's staff. It manages and organises telecommunication and information services. It co-ordinates general maintenance of the installations of La Zarzuela Palace. The Quartermaster's Office and the Communications and Information Centre form part of this unit.
The General Secretariat's staff aggregates 137 civil servants, apart from those assigned to the Security Service by the Ministry of the Interior.
The Secretaries General have successively been:
- 1976–1977 — Alfonso Armada, Marquis of Santa Cruz de Rivadulla
- 1977–1990 — Sabino Fernández Campo, Count of Latores, Grandee of Spain
- 1990–1991 — José Joaquín Puig de la Bellacasa
- 1991–1993 — Joel Cansino Gimeno
- 1993–2002 — Rafael Spottorno Díaz-Caro
- 2002–2002 — Alberto Aza Arias
- 2002–2011 — Ricardo Díez-Hochleitner Rodríguez
- 2011–2014 — Alfonso Sanz Portolés
- 2014–present — Domingo Martínez Palomo
The Military Chamber Commander represents, at His Majesty The King’s immediate service, the Military Establishment within His Majesty’s Household.
The Military Chamber prepares the military activities of the Royal Family's members and maintains the relations of a military nature with the authorities of the Ministry of Defence.
The Lieutenant-General or General on active duty is the Commander of the Military Chamber in command of the Royal Guard. The Commander of the Military Chamber counts, for immediate support and collaboration, on a Cabinet, on an advisor belonging to the Military Legal Corps and on a Military Auditor. The Cabinet is divided into four Sections covering staff, protocol, operations and logistics, respectively.
The Aides-de-Champ to His Majesty The King, organised in successive 24-hour duty periods, assist His Majesty, in a permanent fashion and when carrying out his official duties, as well as H.M. The Queen. They also form part of the Retinue of Honour of foreign Heads of State on official visit to Spain. Formerly the Royal Decree prescribed that four belong to the Army, two to the Navy, two to the Air Force and one to the Civil Guard. This was amended in 2015 to remove any set number.
Felipe VI as Prince of Asturias had his own Aides-de-Camp who assisted him, in a permanent fashion and when carrying out his official activities, as well as his wife. One belonged to the Army, another one to the Navy and the last one to the Air Force. Leonor, Princess of Asturias is entitled, in future, to her own aides-de-camp.
- Spanish Royal Guard
- List of titles and honours of the Spanish Crown
- List of Spanish monarchs
- Royal Consorts of Spain
- Kings of Spain family tree
- List of Succession to the Spanish Throne
- Politics of Spain
- Decreto 2942/1975, de 25 de noviembre, por el que se crea la Casa de Su Majestad el Rey. BOE núm. 284, de 26 de noviembre de 1975, p. 24667.
- "Inicio - Ejercicio 2018 - Presupuesto". www.casareal.es. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
- "Inicio - Ejercicio 2018 - Retribuciones de Altos Cargos". www.casareal.es. Retrieved 2019-08-20.