Museo de las Colecciones Reales
|Location||Cuesta de la Vega, Madrid|
|Type||Royal Art museum|
|Collection size||155.000 artworks|
|Architect||Emilio Tuñón and Luis Moreno Mansilla|
|Public transit access||Ópera|
The Royal Collections Museum (Spanish: Museo de las Colecciones Reales) is an art museum in the City of Madrid that is expected to be open in 2020. It will be located in a new building in the gardens of the Campo del Moro park next to the Almudena Cathedral and the Royal Palace.
It is intended to house, for public display, paintings, sculptures, tapestries, luxury objects, carriages and other works of art and historical pieces that the different kings of Spain were treasuring throughout history.
The origin of the museum dates back to the 1930s, when a first project began in 1935 and the Foundation Decree of the Museum of Arms and Carriages was issued in 1936 by the government of the Second Republic, when the president was Manuel Azaña. The start of the Civil War paralyzed the project, which was resumed, although not materialized, in 1950 and 1980.
National Heritage (Patrimonio Nacional) again raised the idea of building the museum in 1998, retaking the idea of creating a new carriage museum but also exposing the works of art, jewelry and tapestries of the dynasties that reigned in Spain in recent centuries, the Habsburgs and the Bourbons.
In 2002, the project presented by the architects Emilio Tuñón and Luis Moreno Mansilla (Mansilla + Tuñón) won the ideas contest for the building, and finally construction started in 2006. The works suffered delays due to the discovery of archaeological remains in the zone, and in addition the central government had to increase considerably the budget destined initially to the work.
The main façade is finished in granite of the Gris Quintana type. This project uses stones of great dimensions that had to be emptied in its interior to cover the structure of reinforced concrete. The placement of these large pieces was a very complex task for which a custom-made tool had to be created, which translated into a laying of the first stone as a decisive act. Also made in the same granite solid steps, rain gutter, large caps and bespoke tops.
The construction of the building was completed in 2016 but because of the caretaker government that were at that time after the 2016 general election, it could not sign the contract of extra 25 million to finish the interior of the building and the opening was delayed to 2020.
The building of the museum has received two main awards:
- The Spanish Architecture Award 2017.
- The FAD Awards for Architecture and Interior Design 2017.
- "Museo Colecciones Reales: un "tour" de 15 siglos de historia a partir de 2020" (in Spanish). eldiario.es. 21 August 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Nogueira, Charo (12 December 2010). "Una fachada más en La Cornisa". El País. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Serrano, María Isabel (29 July 2012). "El guardián de las joyas de la Corona". ABC. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Gutiérrez, Vera (13 January 2006). "Ruiz-Gallardón da luz verde al futuro Museo de Colecciones Reales" (in Spanish). El País. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Nogueira, Charo (29 December 2010). "Mil años de historia de la ciudad bajo el Museo de Colecciones Reales" (in Spanish). El País. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Nogueira, Charo (17 December 2010). "The Museum of Royal Collections almost triples its initial budget" (in Spanish). El País. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Villalba, Enrique (17 October 2016). "El Museo de Colecciones Reales se retrasa a 2020" (in Spanish). Madriddiario. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- H. Riaño, Peio (4 October 2018). "Patrimonio Nacional desbloquea el Museo de las Colecciones Reales" (in Spanish). El País. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "2017 Spanish Architecture Prize, ex-aequo, for, The Museum of Royal Collections and the Palace of Congresses and Hotel in Palma". metalocus.es. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "El Museo de las Colecciones Reales de Madrid gana el FAD de arquitectura" (in Spanish). El País. 30 June 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2018.