Rossana Rossanda in 1963.
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
16 May 1963 – 4 June 1968
|Born||23 April 1924|
Pula, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||20 September 2020 (aged 96)|
|Political party||PCI (1948–1974)|
|Alma mater||University of Milan|
Rossanda was born in Pula, then part of Italy. She studied in Milan and was a student of philosopher Antonio Banfi. At a very young age, she took part in the Italian resistance and, following the end of World War II, she joined the Italian Communist Party (PCI). After a short period, secretary Palmiro Togliatti named her responsible for culture in the party. She was elected for the first time to the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1963.
In 1968 she published a small essay, entitled L'anno degli studenti ("The Year of the students"), in which she declared her support for the youth movement. Rossanda was part of a minority inside the PCI that was against the Soviet Union, and, together with Luigi Pintor, Valentino Parlato, and Lucio Magri founded the party and newspaper il manifesto. This caused her expulsion from the Communist Party after its XII National Congress held in Bologna.
In the 1972 elections, Il Manifesto obtained only 0.8% of the votes. It therefore merged with the Proletarian Unity Party, forming the Proletarian Unity Party for Communism. She later abandoned party politics but kept her role as director of il manifesto.
Rossanda died on 20 September 2020 at the age of 96.
- L'anno degli studenti (1968)
- Über die Dialektik von Kontinuität und Bruch (1975)
- Le altre. Conversazioni sulle parole della politica (1979)
- “A Splendid Life”. Telos 44 (Summer 1980)
- Un viaggio inutile (1981)
- Appuntamenti di fine secolo (1995)
- La vita breve (Pratiche, 1996)
- Note a margine (1996)
- La ragazza del secolo scorso (2005, finalist for the Premio Strega 2006).
- Kaplan, Gisela (2012). Contemporary Western European Feminism. Routledge. p. 270.
- Berninghausen, David K. (2002). Italian Feminist Theory and Practice: Equality and Sexual Difference. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. pp. 59–60.
- Vidal, Dominique (December 2014). "Buying back 'il manifesto'". Le Monde diplomatique. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "Addio Rossana Rossanda" [Goodbye Rossana Rossanda]. Il Manifesto (in Italian). 2020.