|Locale||Stockholm County, Sweden|
|Services||Kårsta to |
|Rolling stock||SL X10p|
|Daily ridership||40,000 per workday (2017)|
|Line length||65 km (40 mi)|
|Number of tracks||1 or 2|
|Track gauge||Swedish three foot: 891 mm (2 ft 11 3⁄32 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
Roslagsbanan is a narrow gauge urban railway system in Roslagen, Stockholm County, Sweden. Its combined route length is 65 kilometres (40 miles) and there are 38 stations. It is built to the Swedish three foot (891 mm or 2 ft 11 3⁄32 in) gauge.
The line starts in Stockholm at Stockholm East Station (Stockholms östra station, Stockholm Ö). It goes north and splits into three branch lines at the junction stations Djursholms Ösby and Roslags Näsby; the three branches terminate at Näsbypark, Österskär and Kårsta.
It is double track between Stockholm and Viggbyholm and between Rydbo and Åkersberga. The rest is single track, but the line to Vallentuna was being doubled in 2012[needs update] and Rydbo-Åkers Runö in 2013[needs update]. There are passing loops at some stations on the single track sections: at Altorp, Hägernäs, Österskär, Visinge, Täby kyrkby, Ormsta, Lindholmen and Kårsta.
Following a 2017 agreement between the Swedish state, Stockholm County, and the affected municipalities, the line will be extended to the centrally located underground hub T-Centralen, with construction to begin in approximately 2022.
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The present Roslagsbanan was once just the southern part of a large narrow gauge system throughout Roslagen and eastern Uppland, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with ports, smaller towns and parts of the countryside and used for both freight and passenger transport.
In 1885 the line from Stockholm East Station to Rimbo was opened, today the longest branch of Roslagsbanan. It was originally built and operated by the private enterprise Stockholm-Rimbo Järnväg (SRJ). In 1909 SRJ changed its name to Stockholm–Roslagens Järnvägar (with the same abbreviation) following the take-over of companies running adjacent lines.
Roslagsbanan is one of the oldest electrified railway lines for public transport in Europe. The first Stockholm–Djursholm suburban section, Djursholmsbanan, was electrified in 1892, and at the time continued into the city center by way of the tram network, ending at Engelbrektsplan next to Humlegården.
In the beginning of the 20th century and well into the 1950s, Djursholms Ösby, a branch station on Roslagsbanan, was one of the busiest railway stations in Sweden with trains stopping every three minutes with three different branches dividing from there, transporting people and goods.
In the years following World War II, more and more of Swedish railways were nationalised through Statens Järnvägar (SJ), a fate also shared by Roslagsbanan. In 1969 Stockholm County took control over the Stockholm–Rimbo network (now referred to as 'Roslagsbanan') from SJ with the public transport company SL managing the railway.
In 1960 the Djursholmsbanan tracks to Engelbrektsplan were closed, making Stockholm East Station the system's terminus, thus passengers wishing to travel on with the Stockholm metro have had to transfer to the adjacent Tekniska högskolan metro station since 1973. One of the two Djursholm branches (Eddavägslinjen) was closed by SL in 1976.
When SL took over the railway it had many problems. It was narrow gauge and not connected to the rest of the rail network in any way. It was slow, being outperformed by busses, especially to the areas near the end of line, and it was mostly single-track and had low capacity. Because of this there was a strong political interest to close the railway and replace it with buses and a metro line to Täby. The public opinion was much against this and after a referendum in 1980 the county decided to save the Roslagsbanan and invest in new trains and modernize the infrastructure and formed a new company SLJ to run Roslagsbanan. Despite this the northernmost portion, Kårsta–Rimbo was closed in 1981, and the plan was to close the part Lindholmen–Kårsta as well, but it was temporarily kept due to the poor roads in the area which would be problematic for bus transport. Even though the roads have been improved the line to Kårsta is still in use today and there are currently no plans to close it. In January 2010 the Frescati station was closed to avoid congestion and the Universitetet station was moved 500 metres (550 yards) north to better serve Stockholm University.
Ownership and present use
The railway, owned by the Stockholm County Council through the public transport company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (SL), is not part of the nationally owned network. It is the only narrow gauge railway in Sweden still in use for commercial traffic.
Roslagsbanan is part of the Stockholm public transport system. It is operated under contract by Arriva Sverige from 7 January 2013. Arriva Sverige took over from previous contracted company Roslagståg AB, which was a joint venture by the Danish DSB and Tågkompaniet.
Despite its age and limited capacity it is one of the most used railways in Sweden. Since the late 1980s, the railway has constantly but slowly been upgraded to a modern standard with modernised rolling stock, higher platforms and straighter tracks allowing increased speed.
Roslagsbanan is to be diverted to a new terminus at T-Centralen via a new tunnel from the Universitetet station through Odenplan, parallel to Citybanan. This will allow passengers to commute faster within the city, as T-Centralen is served by all lines of the Stockholm Metro as well as Spårväg City and is connected to the central station. When the extension is completed, Stockholms östra will become obsolete and close down. The stretch of track from Universitetet to the old terminus will be dismantled to make way for 500 apartments. The line will gain much more importance, and a further 1,500 flats are planned to be built along the line in Täby and Vallentuna municipalities, aiming to ease the ongoing housing crisis in Stockholm. The project is estimated to cost 7 billion kronor and is expected to be completed by 2026.
The stations along Roslagsbanan are marked with a J symbol, which stands for the generic term järnvägsstation ("railway station") and is similar to the T symbol used by the Stockholm underground railway stations (tunnelbanestation) and the S used for tram stops (spårvägshållplats).
Roslagsbanan is now used by Storstockholms lokaltrafik (SL) for commuter transport. The present network comprises most of the southern part of what was once a much bigger network, made up of privately owned railways all over Roslagen, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with the countryside and used for passenger and freight trains. For more information on this, see the history section below.
|27||Stockholm East Station – Djursholms Ösby – Roslags Näsby – Vallentuna – Lindholmen – Kårsta||41.5 km (25.8 mi)||23||Opened 1885|
|28||Stockholm East Station – Djursholms Ösby – Roslags Näsby – Åkersberga – Österskär||29.5 km (18.3 mi)||20||Opened 1901 to Åkersberga, 1906 to Österskär|
|29||Stockholm East Station – Djursholms Ösby – Lahäll – Näsbypark||11.5 km (7.1 mi)||12||Opened 1928 to Lahäll and 1937 to Näsbypark|
|Total||65 km (40 mi)||39|
The line numbers are not displayed on the trains; only the name of the destination is displayed.
In the timetables of Samtrafiken, the lines do not have the numbers as stated above, but the numbers 121 for the line to Kårsta, 122 for the line to Österskär and 123 for the line to Näsbypark.
Current networks previously connected to Roslagsbanan
Some of the northern parts of the once bigger network are still in use, but these are not formally called Roslagsbanan. These two parts are
- Uppsala–Länna–Faringe (opened in 1876 to Länna, 1885 to Faringe); Tourist traffic only, see Upsala-Lenna Jernväg.
- Dannemora–Gimo–Hargshamn–Hallstavik (Opened 1878; Dannemora–Hargshamn turned to normal gauge in the 1970s and extended into Hallstavik 1977; SJ freight only).
Closed parts of Roslagsbanan (south of Rimbo)
- Stocksund – Långängen (1915-standard gauge tram) line, then converted to narrow gauge in 1934, closed in 1966)
- Stockholm Ö – Engelbrektsplan (1895–1960)
- Djursholms Ösby – Eddavägen (1890–1977)
- Kårsta – Rimbo (1885–1981)
|Kårsta (Rimbo) branch||Rimbo||56||1884||1981|
|Main line||Roslags Näsby||11.0||1885|
|Svalnäs branch (closed)||Svalnäs||12.9||1912||1933|
|Main line||Djursholms Ösby||6.7||1890|
|Långängen branch (closed)||Långängen||1911||1966|
The trains are made up of three different bogie vehicle types:
- Motor coach X10p Number of vehicles: 35, Seating capacity: 72, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 27.7 tonnes, Power rating: 400 kW (540 hp), Maximum speed: 80 km/h (50 mph)
- Driving trailer UBxp Number of vehicles: 34, Seating capacity: 76, Length: 19.9 metres (65 ft 3 in), Weight: 16.3 tonnes (16 long tons; 18 short tons)
- Intermediate trailer UBp Number of vehicles: 32, Seating capacity: 80, Length: 19.9 metres (65 ft 3 in), Weight: 16 tonnes (15.7 long tons; 17.6 short tons)
There are some problems with the rolling stock. Previously, the carriages had very poor wheelchair accessibility due to narrow doors and stairs; with the 2012–2016 refurbishment, this has been fixed on some carriages. The trains are also very noisy, especially considering the railway mostly goes through built up suburban areas.
Because of this, in 2010 SL began the process of finding a company from which to order modern trains to meet the rising demand for departures on Roslagsbanan. 22 new trains were ordered from Stadler Rail in 2016 and are scheduled to be delivered in 2020. They are going to be named X15p.
The trains which were still in use until the early 1990s contained some vehicles dating from near the beginning of the 20th century. Some of these old brown and wooden wagons have been saved, the oldest ones being from 1914. They are owned by Spårvägsmuseet (Stockholm Tramway Museum) and are managed by Roslagsbanans Veterantågsförening (RBV) ("the Veteran Train Club for Roslagsbanan"), and can be chartered for events.
Some old trains have also been sold to other Swedish narrow gauge railways, which are now only heritage railways, where they are used for tourists.
New bridge of Stocksund, inaugurated in 1996, with the new station on the other side of the tunnel
Train at Rydbo
Platforms at Stockholm East Station
Näsby Park is one of the four systems termini.
Old bridge of Stocksund, dismantled in 1997
Old station of Stocksund, now replaced with a station some hundred metres to the north-west, where the rails go straighter allowing for higher speed
- Fakta om SL och länet 2017 (PDF) (Report) (in Swedish). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. p. 34. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
- SL annual report for the fiscal year 2007: Page 34 (PDF) (Report). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. 2008-06-27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
- "Historia". sl.se (in Swedish). SL. 2006-06-01. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
- "Tekniska fakta - Roslagsbanan". sl.se (in Swedish). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. 2006-06-01. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
- Toll, Michael; Andreas, Jennische (2017-03-30). "Beskedet: Här får Storstockholm ny tunnelbana och spårvagn". Stockholm Direkt. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- "Så ska Roslagsbanan till city byggas snabbare". mitti.se (in Swedish). 6 February 2019.
- "Tvärförbindelse Roslagsbanan–Arlanda". Stockholm County Council. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- Upprustade och nya tåg på Roslagsbanan
- Stadler to supply new trains for Stockholm’s Roslagsbanan
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roslagsbanan.|