Shops on Lower Plenty Road
|Population||8,498 (2016 census)|
|• Density||2,297/km2 (5,950/sq mi)|
|Area||3.7 km2 (1.4 sq mi)|
|Location||12 km (7 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||City of Banyule|
Rosanna is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 12 km north-east from Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Banyule. At the 2016 Census, Rosanna had a population of 8,498.
In 1838 Warringal Village was subdivided into nine portions (ranging in size from one to two square miles), with one of the largest portions, number 5, being purchased in 1840 by settler James Watson. He named the land Rose Anna Farm, after his wife Elizabeth Anna Rose. However, in April 1843 Watson encountered financial difficulties, was charged with fraud and was successfully sued. His company became insolvent and he was subsequently forced to subdivide and sell lots of the farm. Up until the early 1890s, four-fifths of the farm remained as an intact estate. However, in 1901 the Hurstbridge railway line was extended from Heidelberg to run to Rosanna, and in 1902 was further extended through to Eltham. This led to further subdivision and sale of lots.
The Rosanna Post Office opened on 12 March 1914, closed in 1917 and reopened in 1926.
In 1949 the shops along Lower Plenty Road, west of the railway crossing, consisted of a fuel merchant, post office, storekeeper, fruiterer, butcher and an estate agent. Numerous houses were being built, and two dairy farmers were east of the crossing. Ten years later there were 24 shops, including clothing and homewares. The growth of the local shopping centre signified the housing growth. In the next ten years housing spread outward from the railway line, and a three-fold increase in rates made the golf club move eastwards by 3 km.
The former fire station on Lower Plenty Road, Rosanna is a late work by the renowned Government Architect Percy Edgar Everett (1934-1953). Rosanna Fire Station is an excellent example of the work of Everett whose contribution to the design of public buildings in the Inter War period was exemplary. It is sited at an angle to the corner and is composed of a series of pavilions with flat roofs. The central part of the building was designed as accommodation for the fire trucks, has a raised roof and two sets of timber doors between rounded concrete pillars. The remainder of the building has a lower profile and contains accommodation for offices and a residence. Of cream face brick with timber framed modern windows, the building appears highly intact despite being adapted for a new use as a neighbourhood house. The building is composed of several parts with discrete low pitched roofs, and this combined with the angled siting give a very distinctive appearance to the building which is still highly intact. The building has some social significance as a fire station for over thirty years before adapting to a new community use as a neighbourhood house. 
The house at 35 Douglas Street was built in 1958 for Joseph Simpson and designed by architect Robin Boyd, is of local aesthetic significance to the City of Banyule. Robin Boyd (1919 - 1971) was one of the leading exponents of modern architecture in Melbourne during the 1950s and 60s. This house is a representative example of the small residences built by Robin Boyd for private clients where he provided open plan living and passive solar designs at a time when this was rare in mainstream building. It is well designed for the sloping site and incorporates a lower ground floor at the rear, however this has been altered by additional glazing. The Joseph Simpson house is a relatively intact example of Boyd's design work and displays many of the typical features of his work.
In The Age's Liveable Melbourne report in 2005, Rosanna was ranked as Melbourne's 150th-most-liveable of 314 suburbs. The Age repeated the same survey in 2011 and found that the suburb fell in ranking to 177th, with median house prices sitting between $600,000 and $800,000.
The first known record of a newspaper in the Heidelberg area was March 26, 1897. This publication, known as the Heidelberg News and Diamond Creek Chronicle, was a four-page broadsheet with most of page one dedicated to advertisements.
The masthead has taken many forms over the years. Of particular note was when the City of Heidelberg was proclaimed in 1934 and the paper became The News - The Newspaper of the City of Heidelberg.
In 1949 the paper took its current tabloid format and incorporated the Shire of Eltham into its masthead; to become The News - The Newspaper of the City of Heidelberg and the Shire of Eltham.
On November 12, 1958, the first tabloid edition of the Heidelberger was published and the following year The News became the Rosanna and Diamond Valley News.
After 43 years as the Heidelberger, a new look paper emerged under the banner of the Heidelberg Leader in May 28, 2001, introducing a more contemporary style.
Rosanna's main arterial roads are Lower Plenty Road and Rosanna Road.
Rosanna is served by two bus routes:
Both these bus routes stop at the Rosanna railway station.
Rosanna Library is managed by Yarra Plenty Regional Library.
The Rosanna Fire Station Community House provides opportunities for all to learn, teach, make friends and give mutual support in an ethnically diverse, comfortable, accepting and co-operative environment. The Rotary Club of Rosanna District Inc installed a street library outside the fire station community house in 2019.
Rosanna includes the following schools:
- Banyule Primary School – Located on Banyule Road, opened in 1960.
- Rosanna Golf Links Primary School – Located on Interlaken Parade, opened in 1956.
- Rosanna Primary School – Located on Grandview Grove, opened in 1940.
- St Martin of Tours - Located on Silk Street, opened in 1958
- Viewbank College – Located on Warren Road, created from the merger of Rosanna East High School and Banyule High School in 1994.
- Athletics – The Rosanna Little Athletics Club, established in 1970, provides athletics activities for local 6- to 16-year-olds;[non-primary source needed] the club being part of the Diamond Valley Little Athletics Centre in Greensborough.
- Football – Macleod Football Club competes in the Northern Football League and are based at De Winton Park in the suburb.
- Golf – The Rosanna Golf Club is located on Cleveland Avenue in the neighbouring suburb of Lower Plenty.
- Rosanna Bowling Club - The Rosanna Bowling Club was formed on the 26th May, 1960, and as a result secured a 40 year lease, in 1961, over 4 blocks of land with a frontage totalling 200 feet at 3 – 11 Strasbourg Road, Rosanna 3084. In the same year 100 men and 60 ladies were signed as foundation members. In 1962 twelve rinks on a new green were opened by the Vice President of the then RVBA, and the first building was completed for the Club. 1963 saw the first pennant match being played.
- City of Heidelberg – Rosanna was previously within this local government area.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rosanna (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
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- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
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- "Eyes on new mini library". Diamond Valley Leader. 27 February 2019. p. 8.
- "St Martin's Catholic Primary School Rosanna / Macleod". www.smrosanna.catholic.edu.au. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
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- "Viewbank College > History of Viewbank". Viewbank College. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Rosanna Little Athletics Club". Rosanna Little Athletics Club.
- Full Points Footy. "Northern Football League". Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
- Golf Select. "Rosanna". Retrieved 11 May 2009.
- Club, Rosanna Bowling. "Rosanna Bowling Club | Yarra Bowls Region Victoria". rosannabowlingclub.com.au. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- Lynch, Michael (2 May 2004). "Bresciano impresses for club and country". www.theage.com.au. The Age. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- Mangan, John (27 September 2009). "Ultimate nausea cure for mothers-to-be: Puccini". www.theage.com.au. The Age. Retrieved 21 June 2010.