Ronell Earl Wilson (born May 4, 1982) was convicted of the 2003 capital murder of two undercover New York City police officers in Staten Island, New York. His trial before Judge Nicholas Garaufis of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York began on November 27, 2006. On December 20, 2006, he was found guilty of the capital murders as well as other related charges. On January 30, 2007, Wilson was sentenced to death, the first such sentence by a federal jury in New York since the federal death penalty was reinstated in 1988.
Prosecutors alleged Wilson was the leader of a violent drug gang called the Stapleton Crew (witnesses at the trial denied using that label) that originated in the Stapleton housing projects of Staten Island. He was convicted for murdering NYPD Detectives James Nemorin and Rodney Andrews in a gun sale, then searching their bodies and stealing their car. The victims' family members and fellow police officers greeted pronouncement of his death sentence with cheers and applause; Wilson reacted by sticking his tongue out in their direction.
The case has attracted media attention because of the brutality of the murders as well as the rarity of a death penalty prosecution in New York. Wilson is the first person federally sentenced to the death penalty in New York in over 50 years. Wilson was originally charged in New York state court, but the federal government took over the prosecution after the New York Court of Appeals held that the state's death penalty statute violated the New York State Constitution.
In 2010 the Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed Wilson's sentence. In the sentencing phase, the prosecutor "argued: [i] that Wilson put the government to its proof of guilt rather than plead guilty; and [ii] that Wilson's allocution of remorse should be discredited because he failed to testify notwithstanding the fact that '[t]he path for that witness stand has never been blocked for Mr. Wilson.' As to the first argument, although a guilty plea may properly be considered to support a sentence mitigation for acceptance of responsibility, the Sixth Amendment is violated when failure to plead guilty is treated as an aggravating circumstance. As to the second, it is a fair argument for the prosecution to say that an allocution of remorse is unsworn and uncrossed, but the Fifth Amendment is violated when the defendant is denied a charge that limits the Fifth Amendment waiver to that which is said in the allocution and the jury is invited to consider more generally that the defendant declined to testify." Because these constitutional violations were not harmless beyond a reasonable doubt, the court vacated Wilson's and his co-defendants' death sentences and remanded to the trial court for re-sentencing. The government's petition for rehearing en banc was denied on October 19, 2010.
After Wilson's death sentence was vacated by the Second Circuit Court of Appeals, he was moved from the United States Penitentiary in Terre Haute, Indiana to the Metropolitan Detention Center (MDC) in Brooklyn, New York. While in the MDC, he fathered a child with Federal Officer Nancy Gonzalez during an illicit rendezvous in the staff bathroom on July 15, 2012. On March 22, 2013 Gonzalez gave birth to a son they named Justus. The Wilson's attorneys are pressing an argument stating that he is mentally disabled and therefore not eligible for the death penalty based on the 2002 U.S. Supreme Court ruling outlawing the execution of mentally disabled offenders.
The prosecutor in the original case, Jack Smith, is now the Chief of the Public Integrity Section of the Department of Justice.
On July 24, 2013, a Brooklyn federal jury sentenced Wilson to death for the 2003 murders, reinstating the previous death sentence that was thrown out in 2010. During his direct appeal, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals remanded the case to the district court with direction to reconsider, in light of an intervening Supreme Court case, the district court’s earlier ruling that Wilson is not intellectually disabled.
On March 15, 2016, Judge Garaufis concluded that Wilson was mentally handicapped, making him ineligible for the death penalty under the Eighth Amendment. Federal prosecutors later announced that they would not seek to appeal this ruling. Wilson was sentenced to life without parole, and is now at USP Florence-High.
- Newman, Maria; Sweeney, Matt (December 20, 2006). "Man Convicted in Killing of Undercover Detectives". The New York Times.
- Brick, Michael (January 30, 2007). "Killer of 2 N.Y. Detectives Is Sentenced to Death". The New York Times.
- . New York http://www.nydailynews.com/front/story/489122p-411815c.html. Missing or empty
-  was denounced by the local tabloids. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-01-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- [permanent dead link]
- Federal Bureau of Prisons
- United States v. Whitten, 610 F.3d 168 (2d Cir. 2010), available at http://www.ca2.uscourts.gov/decisions/isysquery/79c074bc-55c5-4c53-98d2-2c8d5d6d1e1e/1/doc/07-1320-cr_opn.pdf.
- Marzulli, John. "Prison Guard Pleads Guilty to Jailhouse Sex with Ronell Wilson." New York Daily News. Wednesday, July 3, 2013.
- "Killer of NYC police officers still in legal limbo". Wall Street Journal. 1 September 2012.[dead link]
- "Ronell Wilson Sentenced To Death A Second Time For Killing Two NYPD Officers". NY1. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Cop killer Ronell Wilson spared death penalty". Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- Inmate Locator. Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on 2007-11-25.
- U.S. Court Strikes Down Death Sentence for Killer of Two New York Officers. Retrieved on 2010-06-30