Romford railway station in 2010
|Local authority||London Borough of Havering|
|Managed by||TfL Rail|
|Number of platforms||5|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||0.546 million|
|– interchange||0.605 million|
|– interchange||0.767 million|
|– interchange||0.731 million|
|– interchange||0.773 million|
|20 June 1839||ECR station opened|
|7 June 1893||LTSR Upminster platform opened|
|London transport portal|
Romford railway station is an interchange station on the Great Eastern Main Line, serving Romford town centre in the London Borough of Havering, east London. It is 12 miles 30 chains (19.9 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Chadwell Heath and Gidea Park. It is also the northern terminus of a branch line to Upminster operated by London Overground. Its three-letter station code is RMF and it is in Travelcard Zone 6.
The station is currently managed by TfL Rail. The majority of services call at Romford as part of the Shenfield-Liverpool Street "metro" service operated by TfL Rail, but the station is also served by off-peak Abellio Greater Anglia trains to and from Southend Victoria and Colchester Town.
In the future the TfL Rail service will be re-branded as the Elizabeth line as part of the Crossrail project. Eventually, the Elizabeth line service will be extended beyond Liverpool Street to Paddington and onwards to Reading and Heathrow Airport.
From its inception the Eastern Counties Railway planned a route linking London and Norwich that would take it via Romford. Two routes were considered, that of the current line, and an alternative going through Ilford at Cranbrook Road, then passing near to Gidea Hall and crossing Romford Common approximately following the route of the current A12 before returning to the current railway line at Brentwood. When the line was constructed the first Romford station opened on 20 June 1839 as a single island platform located to the west of Waterloo Road, and formed the eastern terminus of the initial part of the Eastern Counties Railway from Mile End. Both stations acted as temporary termini, with the line extending east to Brentwood and west to Shoreditch in 1840. In 1844, the station was relocated to its current position, some 400m east of the original and about this time the gauge of the ECR was changed from 5' (1,524 mm) to standard gauge of 4 ft 8 1⁄2 (1,435 mm). In 1860 the station was remodelled with platforms on each side of the line with access to the new station by a covered walkway from South Street to the London-bound platform and via an open slope and steps for the country-bound platform. Soon after this a connection was made from the goods depot, which was situated to the south of the station, through a tunnel under the line to the Ind Coope brewery. Other non-passenger traffic included goods in to the Romford Gas Works and cattle pens accessed from St Andrews Road, necessary due to the cattle market held in Romford every Wednesday.
The construction of Tilbury Docks in the 1850s gave expanded opportunities for rail traffic, and three proposls were made for a railway linking Romford to Tilbury. That of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LT&S) was successful and on 7 June 1893, the LT&S opened a station in Romford, on their line to Upminster, a link from Upminster to Grays on the LT&S line to Tilbury having already opened in 1892. The LT&S had hoped to negotiate with the Great Eastern Railway (GER) to use their station, but concerns over fast trains led to the GER declining and a completely new station was built with a single platform and an entrance on the opposite side of South Street to the GER station. A footbridge was built to conenct the two stations but was often closed during the day.
In the 1930s increasing traffic on the line led to two additional tracks being added on the north side, the line having been quadrupled to a point east of Romford previously in 1901. This gave the LNER station 4 platforms, and this became 5 platforms when, in 1934 the entrance to the later London, Midland and Scottish Railway station was closed and the access to the single platform achieved by the footbridge from the main station platforms.
Electric trains started on the line from Liverpool Street to Shenfield in 1949, giving Romford 15 trains per hour to London during peak hours, and 6 trains per hour off-peak, a pattern that continued for over half a century.
Accidents and incidents
- On 29 December 1944, one person was killed and three were injured when, in darkness and heavy fog, a Chelmsford-London service passed two signals at danger on the approach to Romford and ran into the rear of a stationary freight train. The passenger train's speed at the moment of impact was about 15 mph. One crew member on the goods train was killed instantly. The Chelmsford train driver was held responsible for the collision in a Ministry of War Transport report.
- On 4 February 2010, two people standing on the platforms at Romford were injured when a quantity of stone ballast was shed from a freight train passing through the station. Subsequent examination found that the train wagon's doors had not been properly closed when it departed from the goods yard at Acton, west London, bound for Ipswich.
The majority of services are currently operated by TfL Rail which runs the stopping "metro" route between Liverpool Street and Shenfield. Greater Anglia also operates medium-distance services between Liverpool Street and destinations in the East of England, while London Overground runs the half-hourly "push and pull" service between Romford and Upminster.
The typical off-peak Monday to Saturday service from Romford is:
- 8 trains per hour (tph) to London Liverpool Street, of which:
- 6 call at all stations (TfL Rail),
- 2 call at Stratford and Liverpool Street (Greater Anglia);
- 6 tph to Shenfield, calling at all stations (TfL Rail);
- 2 tph to Upminster, calling at the only station, Emerson Park, (London Overground);
- 1 tph to Southend Victoria calling at Shenfield then all stations (Greater Anglia);
- 1 tph to Colchester Town calling at Shenfield, Chelmsford, Witham, then all stations (Greater Anglia).
In 2017 new Class 345 trains began entering service as Crossrail partially opened. Platforms 2 to 5 will be extended from their current length of between 179 metres (196 yd) and 182 metres (199 yd) to accommodate the Crossrail trains which will be over 200 metres (220 yd) long once extended to nine carriages. New lifts, signage, help points, customer information screens and CCTV will also be installed.
London Buses routes 5, 66, 86, 103, 128, 165, 174, 175, 193, 247, 248, 252, 294, 296, 347, 365, 370, 375, 496, 498, 499, 647, 648, 649, 650, 651, 674 and 686 and night routes N15 and N86 and LSP route 575 all serve the station.
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. May 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 August 2020.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Frost, K.A. (1978). "The coming of the railway to Romford". Romford Record. Romford & District Historical Society. 11: 17–24.
- Anderson, Paul (March 2011). "Transforming Romford". British Railways Illustrated. Vol. 20 no. 6. Bedford: Irwell Press. pp. 271–275.
- Brennand 2002, p. 41.
- Brennand 2002, p. 38.
- Crossley, H J (2002). Grandfather's Romford (2nd ed.). Romford: Ian Henry Publications Ltd. p. 8. ISBN 0 86025 524 7.
- Frost, K.A. (1979). "Romford's second railway station". Romford Record. Romford & District Historical Society. 12: 15–18.
- Brennand 2002, p. 2.
- Brennand 2002, p. 44.
- Glover, John (2003). Eastern Electric. Hersham: Ian Allan. pp. 43–45. ISBN 0 7110 2934 2.
- TFL appoints London Overground operator to run additional services Transport for London 28 May 2014
- TfL count on LOROL for support Rail Professional 28 May 2014
- TfL Rail Timetable[permanent dead link]
- "Capital's key services protected, says Johnson". The Press Association. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- Media related to Romford railway station at Wikimedia Commons
- Train times and station information for Romford railway station from National Rail
- Excel file displaying National Rail station usage information for 2005/06
- Old LTSR entrance after conversion
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
towards Liverpool Street
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
|Terminus||Romford to Upminster Line||
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
|Great Eastern Railway|