Diocese of Buffalo
St. Joseph Cathedral
Coat of arms
|Territory||Western New York (Counties of Erie, Niagara, Genesee, Orleans, Chautauqua, Wyoming, Cattauraugus, and Allegany, New York)|
|Ecclesiastical province||Archdiocese of New York|
|Headquarters||795 Main Street|
Buffalo, New York
|Area||16,511 km2 (6,375 sq mi)|
|(as of 2012)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||April 23, 1847|
|Cathedral||St. Joseph Cathedral|
|Patron saint||St. Joseph|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Edward M. Grosz|
|Apostolic Administrator||Edward B. Scharfenberger|
|Bishops emeritus||Edward U. Kmiec|
Richard Joseph Malone
The Diocese of Buffalo is a Roman Catholic diocese headquartered in Buffalo, New York, United States. It is included in the province of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, in the Latin Church. The Buffalo Diocese includes eight counties in Western New York State. The Catholic population is nearly 700,000. The Diocese is divided into more than 150 parishes, which also include churches, schools, convents, seminaries, hospitals, and colleges. The Buffalo Diocese was established in 1847. From the Buffalo Diocese, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rochester was created in 1868. Bishop of Albany Edward B. Scharfenberger was named as temporary replacement for Bishop Richard Joseph Malone and apostolic administrator for the diocese by the Holy See at the Vatican on December 4, 2019.
Range and population
The Diocese covers 6,455 square miles (16,720 km2) throughout the eight counties of Western New York; and has a Catholic population of 690,000. In the Diocese are 166 parishes, 15 high schools, 52 elementary schools, seven colleges and universities, one seminary, convents, and four hospitals.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Buffalo was established April 23, 1847. It was set apart from the great Diocese of New York and the See located at Buffalo on Lake Erie, the territory comprising nearly one-third of the State of New York.
In 1868, the Diocese of Rochester was formed from the eastern counties of the territory of the Diocese of Buffalo. In 1896, after Bishop Stephen Vincent Ryan's death, four more counties, including Steuben, Schuyler, Chemung, and Tioga, were taken from the Diocese of Buffalo and added to the Rochester jurisdiction.
Reports of sex abuse and resignation of Malone
On September 12, 2018, leaked church records showed that there were 106 clergy in the Diocese of Buffalo who had been credibly accused of sexually abusing children, far more than a list of 42 which had been released by the Diocese in March of the year. Numerous former Bishops and current Bishop Richard J. Malone, have been accused of shielding some of these "predator priests," as well as at least one nun, from potential prosecution and transferring some to other parishes to avoid scrutiny. Malone, who once served as an Auxiliary Bishop to the Archdiocese of Boston under the notorious Archbishop Cardinal Bernard Law, was also revealed in August 2018 to have returned at least one "predator priest" to active ministry. A few clergy on the list who were still active in ministry have been suspended. On September 28, Malone named Steven L. Halter, a former agent in the FBI's Buffalo Division who took part in the investigations of the 9/11 World Trade Center and USS Cole attacks committed by the Islamic terrorist organization Al Qaeda and who served as senior accounting officer at Empire of America Federal Savings Bank, Buffalo beforehand, director of the Diocese's newly created Office of Personal Responsibility, which handles sex abuse complaints in the Diocese.
On 28 May 2019, it was announced that the Diocese of Buffalo's compensation program had by that point paid $17.5 million to 106 childhood victims of clergy sexual abuse, while rejecting 135 applicants it deemed ineligible for its voluntary compensation program. In June 2019, however, it was announced that plaintiff James Bottlinger had declined a $650,000 offer to settle his sex-abuse lawsuit against the Diocese of Buffalo and will continue to pursue his lawsuit in court. Bottlinger has also implicated former Erie, Pennsylvania Bishop Donald Trautman of protecting his abuser Rev. Michael Freeman from potential prosecution when Trautman served as the second-highest ranking official in the Diocese of Buffalo in the 1980s. Bottlinger is using the state of New York's new Child Victims Act to sue the Diocese of Buffalo. Aside from Bottlinger, who stated that Freeman started abusing him in 1984, two other men accused Freeman of molesting them when they were boys as well. Complaints against Freeman also surfaced by 1981. However, Freeman died in 2010.
In September 2019, it was reported the under the Child Victims Act, the law firms of Steve Boyd and Jeff Anderson & Associates were able to file 100 different sex abuse lawsuits against the Diocese of Buffalo. 83 of these lawsuits were filed when the law went into effect on August 14, 2019. Leaked documents and audio recordings also revealed that the Diocese was hiding money via its charities amid plans to file for bankruptcy due to the financial burden created by 152 sex abuse lawsuits. About 40 percent of donations to the Diocese of Buffalo's charities where diverted to a secret foundation known as "The Bishop's Fund for the Faith." The foundation was also included in the Diocese of Buffalo's budget as a corporate entity so it could be used to prevent the Diocese from being vulnerable to payments stemming from lawsuits and bankruptcy. On 24 September 2019, following the start of a criminal investigation brought against Diocese priest Rev. Jeffrey Novak, the Diocese published an Adult Sexual Misconduct Policy and Procedures and a new Code of Pastoral Conduct for Clergy.
Undisclosed financial problems also forced the Diocese to close and transfer its credit card account effective 27 September 2019. Though the Diocese's communications director denied that the closure of the credit card account was related to the sex abuse scandals, it was revealed that the number of people suing the Diocese had grown to 168 by 25 September. On 2 October 2019, it was revealed that the number of accused clergy in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Buffalo had grown to 178 and that the Diocese had now paid a six figure settlement to a victim of one of the newly named clergy, the now deceased Fr. Maurus Schenck, for sex abuse committed at St. Mary's Parish in Dunkirk when the unnamed victim was a 13-year old boy in 1965.
On 20 October 2019, revelations surfaced that the Diocese of Buffalo removed Rev. Norbert F. Orsolits from his parish in South Buffalo in 1968 after he was accused of sexually abusing children. The Diocese was also accused of doing so in order to cover up sex abuse allegations against him. One of the alleged victims filed a lawsuit against the Diocese for abuse he alleged was committed by Orsolits. The alleged victim also accused Orsolits' replacement William F. J. White of sexually abusing him as well. On 31 October 2019, Brooklyn Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio, who the Congregation of Bishops assigned on 3 October 2019 to investigate the Diocese, completed his investigation of the Diocese of Buffalo's sex abuse scandal. DiMarzio based the details of his investigation from interviews he had with 80 local clergy and people who were revealed to be "pay persons."
Pope Francis accepted Malone's resignation on December 4, 2019. He named Albany's Bishop Edward B. Scharfenberger the apostolic administrator of the Diocese, with authority to manage its affairs pending the appointment of a successor to Malone. 60 Minutes Overtime reported that Malone's resignation was linked to leaked sex abuse documents which where reported by 60 Minutes journalist Bill Whitaker in 2018. On December 10, Malone gave his first interview since his resignation, where stated to WIVB that while he did not want to submit his resignation until he reached the mandatory retirement age of 75, he also agreed to submit an early resignation to Pope Francis so the Diocese of Buffalo could "move forward."
The Diocese of Buffalo includes the following eight counties in Western New York State:
The lists of bishops and auxiliary bishops of the diocese and their years of service, followed by other priests of this diocese who became bishops:
Bishops of Buffalo
- John Timon, C.M. (1847–1867)
- Stephen V. Ryan, C.M. (1868–1896)
- James Edward Quigley (1896–1903), appointed Archbishop of Chicago
- Charles H. Colton (1903–1915)
- Dennis Joseph Dougherty (1915–1918), appointed Archbishop of Philadelphia (elevated to Cardinal in 1921)
- William Turner (1919–1936)
- John Aloysius Duffy (1937–1944)
- John Francis O'Hara, C.S.C. (1945–1951), appointed Archbishop of Philadelphia (elevated to Cardinal in 1958)
- Joseph Aloysius Burke (1952–1962)
- James Aloysius McNulty (1963–1972)
- Edward Dennis Head (1973–1995)
- Henry Joseph Mansell (1995–2003), appointed Archbishop of Hartford
- Edward Urban Kmiec (2004–2012)
- Richard Joseph Malone (2012–2019)
- Joseph Aloysius Burke (1943–1952), appointed Bishop of Buffalo
- Leo Richard Smith (1952–1963), appointed Bishop of Ogdensburg
- Pius Anthony Benincasa (1964–1986)
- Stanislaus Joseph Brzana (1964–1968), appointed Bishop of Ogdensburg
- Bernard Joseph McLaughlin (1969–1988)
- Donald Walter Trautman (1985–1990), appointed Bishop of Erie
- Edward M. Grosz (1990–present)
Other priests of this diocese who became bishops
- Francis Xavier Krautbauer, appointed Bishop of Green Bay in 1875
- Thomas J. Walsh, appointed Bishop of Trenton in 1918 and later Bishop and Archbishop of Newark
- Edmund F. Gibbons, appointed Bishop of Albany in 1919
- John Joseph McMahon, appointed Bishop of Trenton in 1928
- James Johnston Navagh, appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Raleigh in 1952 and later Bishop of Ogdensburg and Bishop of Paterson
- Celestine Joseph Damiano, appointed Apostolic Delegate to South Africa and Titular Archbishop in 1952 and later Archbishop (personal title) of Camden
- John Joseph Fitzpatrick (priest here, 1942-1948), appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Miami in 1968 and later Bishop of Brownsville
- Robert Joseph Cunningham, appointed Bishop of Ogdensburg in 2004 and later Bishop of Syracuse
- Campus Ministries
- Catholic Charities
- Catholic Health System
- Holy Name Society
- St. Vincent de Paul Society
- Youth Ministry
Hospitals and affiliates
- Bertrand Chaffee Hospital, Springville
- Catholic Medical Partners, Buffalo
- Kenmore Mercy Hospital, Kenmore
- Mercy Hospital of Buffalo, Buffalo
- Mount St. Mary's Hospital and Health Center, Lewiston
- Sisters of Charity Hospital, Buffalo
- Sisters of Charity Hospital, St. Joseph Campus, Cheektowaga
- Christ the King Seminary, East Aurora
- Convent of the Franciscan Sisters of St. Joseph, Hamburg, New York
- Villa Maria Motherhouse Complex, also known as the Felician Sisters Immaculate Heart of Mary Convent Chapel and Convent, Cheektowaga, New York
- Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity at Stella Niagara Education Park, Stella Niagara, Lewiston, New York
Colleges and universities
- Archbishop Walsh High School, Olean
- Bishop Timon – St. Jude High School, Buffalo
- Buffalo Academy of the Sacred Heart, Buffalo
- Canisius High School, Buffalo
- Cardinal O'Hara High School, Town of Tonawanda
- Mount Mercy Academy, Buffalo
- Mount Saint Mary Academy, Kenmore
- Nardin Academy, Buffalo
- Niagara Catholic High School, Niagara Falls (Closed)
- Notre Dame High School, Batavia
- Saint Francis High School, Athol Springs
- St. Joseph's Collegiate Institute, Buffalo
- St. Mary's High School, Lancaster
- Catholic Academy of Niagara Falls, Niagara Falls
- Catholic Academy of West Buffalo, Buffalo
- Christ the King School, Snyder
- DeSales Catholic School, Lockport
- Immaculate Conception School, East Aurora
- Immaculate Conception School of Allegany County, Wellsville
- Mary Queen of Angels Regional School, Cheektowaga
- Nardin Academy Elementary and Montessori Divisions, Buffalo
- NativityMiguel Middle School of Buffalo, Buffalo
- Nativity of our Lord School, Orchard Park
- Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary School, Clarence
- Niagara Catholic Junior High School, Niagara Falls
- Northern Chautauqua Catholic School, Dunkirk
- Our Lady of Black Rock School, Buffalo
- Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament School, Depew
- Our Lady of Victory School, Lackawanna
- Queen of Heaven School, West Seneca
- Sacred Heart Villa School, Lewiston
- South Buffalo Catholic School - Notre Dame Academy, Buffalo
- Southern Tier Catholic School, Olean
- Southtowns Catholic School, Lake View
- SS. Peter and Paul School, Hamburg
- SS. Peter and Paul School, Williamsville
- St. Aloysius Regional School, Springville
- St. Amelia School, Tonawanda
- St. Andrew's Country Day School, Kenmore
- St. Benedict School, Amherst
- St. Christopher School, Tonawanda
- St. Gregory the Great School, Williamsville
- St. John the Baptist School, Alden
- St. John the Baptist School, Kenmore
- St. John Vianney School, Orchard Park
- St. Joseph School, Batavia
- St. Joseph University School, Buffalo
- St. Mark School, Buffalo
- St. Mary's Elementary School, Lancaster
- St. Mary's School, Swormville
- St. Peter School, Lewiston
- St. Stephen School, Grand Island
- Stella Niagara Education Park, Stella Niagara
In 2005, Bishop Edward Kmiec announced that the Diocese would begin a school restructuring effort as part of the "Journey of Faith and Grace Campaign." In 2007, 14 Catholic elementary schools in the Diocese closed. The closures, alphabetically by city, included Most Precious Blood, Angola; Genesee-Wyoming Catholic, Attica; St. Agnes, St. Bernard, and St. Rose of Lima, Buffalo; Infant of Prague, St. Josaphat, Kolbe Catholic, Resurrection, and St. Aloysius Gonzaga, Cheektowaga; St. Barnabas, Depew; St. Hyacinth, Dunkirk; Blessed Sacrament, Kenmore; and St. Edmund, Tonawanda. The school closures caused job losses to 158 full-time and 49 part-time employees. More than 1,410 students were negatively affected by the school closures in 2007, and were required to enroll in other educational programs outside of these schools. In the five years immediately preceding the school closures, many families had already begun removing their children from Catholic schools in the diocese due to the instability of the schools, and concerns about not desiring their children to be enrolled in schools in which there was little or no future.
Regarding the 14 school closures in 2007, Bishop Kmiec stated in a February 2007 article written by Mark Ciemcioch in the Western New York Catholic:
- This restructuring is necessary to respond to changing demographics, population and economic realities in Western New York; ... this is the most difficult decision I've ever made [while] being a bishop for 24 years.
While the average cost of teaching one student in the 14 schools in 2007 was $4,738, the average tuition cost for the student was $1,525. Therefore, the debt of those schools' parishes averaged $224,160, and totaled more than $3.3 million altogether. Secretary of the Department of Catholic Education Denise McKenzie stated that the deficit can, therefore, lead to a significant deficit in the schools and associated parishes even prior to the beginning of each school year. The Diocese of Buffalo contributed millions of dollars to support schools whose parishes used up monies to subsidize their schools. In early 2007 alone, the Diocese was operating with a $2.1 million deficit, in part, due to the subsidies provided to schools and parishes.
Cheektowaga, the area hardest-hit by the school closures with five schools lost in 2007, experienced great demographic changes in recent years. The area was once heavily Catholic, though the majority of the population of older adults has been replaced by those who are younger and non-Catholic. Younger couples have moved to the area, purchasing starter homes, and have moved out of the area when they begin having children, causing in decline in enrollments in the city's Catholic schools, particularly in kindergarten classes. The dramatic change has resulted in drastically reduced enrollments, for example in the Infant of Prague School in 1960 that had 1,120 students, and had only 117 enrolled students in 2007. St. Barnabas School in Depew – one of the schools that closed in 2007 – had only 57 students enrolled that year, making it less than minimally viable per Msgr. John Madsen.
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- Specht, Charlie, "Church records show more than 100 accused priests, not 42 as stated by Bishop Malone", WKBW-TV ABC-affiliated Channel 7, September 12, 2018/December 13, 2018.
- Flores, Rosa, and Kevin Conlon, "Secret files suggest Catholic bishop shielded alleged 'predator priests' from the public", CNN, September 25, 2018.
- Specht, Charlie, "The 85 Catholic clergy in Buffalo accused of sexual misconduct - and the bishops who covered it up: 7 Eyewitness News has compiled comprehensive list", WKBW-TV ABC-affiliated Channel 7, July 10, 2018/September 20, 2018.
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- Specht, Charlie, "Buffalo Bishop Malone returned priest to ministry after allegations involving a child", WKBW-TV ABC-affiliated Channel 7, August 22, 2018/December 13, 2018.
- Mroziak, Michael, "Four more priests placed on leave by Diocese of Buffalo, one reinstated", WBFO NPR-affiliated radio, June 29, 2018.
- "Suspended priest a Dunkirk native", Observer (Dunkirk, NY; Ogden Newspapers-owned), September 29, 2018.
- Specht, Charlie, "Ellicottville priest Mierzwa suspended for abuse complaint", WKBW-TV ABC-affiliated Channel 7, September 24-25, 2018.
- "Diocese hires ex-FBI agent, SBU grad to review sex abuse complaints", Olean (NY) Times Herald, September 29, 2018.
- "Buffalo Catholic Diocese hires ex-FBI agent / BISHOP: Former federal agent will oversee new Office of Professional Responsibility", Lockport (NY) Union-Sun & Journal, September 28, 2018.
- Tokasz, Jay, "Buffalo Diocese pays $17.5M to 106 clergy sex abuse victims", Buffalo News, May 28, 2019/December 4, 2019.
- "Abuse victim declines settlement, pursues legal case against Buffalo diocese", Catholic World News/catholicculture.org, June 20, 2019.
- Tokasz, Jay, "Top Buffalo diocese official allegedly scolded boy who accused priest of abuse", Buffalo News, June 20, 2019.
- Tokasz, Jay, "Man who refused $650K settlement says diocese knew priest was predator", Buffalo News, June 18, 2019/August 9, 2019.
- Anstey, Evan, "2 firms file 100 Child Victims Act lawsuits against Buffalo Diocese", WIVB-TV CBS-affiliated Channel 4, September 24, 2019.
- Specht, Charlie, "Is the Diocese of Buffalo hiding money ahead of bankruptcy? Secret document criticized as 'shell game'", WKBW-TV ABC-affiliated Channel 7, September 20, 2019.
- Buckley, Eileen, "Erie County DA now investigating allegations brought by former seminarian", WKBW-TV ABC-affiliated Channel 7, September 23, 2019.
- Licastro, Troy; Marlee Tuskes, "Buffalo Diocese releasing new policies for how it handles sex abuse claims", WIVB-TV CBS-affiliated Channel 4, September 24, 2019.
- "Credit check: Buffalo diocese says cancelled cards not connected to Malone controversy", Catholic News Agency, September 27, 2019.
- Keany, Brendan, "Another Former Priest Credibly Accused of Abuse; 178 priests or deacons have now been accused", WBEN (AM), October 2, 2019.
- Tokasz, Jay, "Orsolits abused kids after Buffalo Diocese's cover-up of assault, lawsuits say", Buffalo News, October 20-21, 2019. "Orsolits told The Buffalo News in 2018 that he had sexual contact with probably dozens of teen boys while serving as a priest."
- Tokasz, Jay, "Lawsuit: Boy abused by second priest after he was molested by Orsolits", Buffalo News, October 20-21, 2019.
- Tokasz, Jay, "Vatican directs Brooklyn bishop to investigate Buffalo Diocese", Buffalo News, October 3-4, 2019
- "Buffalo diocese investigation ends, DiMarzio will send report to Vatican", Catholic News Agency, October 31, 2019.
- Tokasz, Jay, "Brooklyn bishop finishes probe of Buffalo Diocese, will report to Vatican", Buffalo News, October 31, 2019/November 1, 2019.
- Mroziak, Michael, " Brooklyn bishop concludes Apostolic Visitation in Buffalo", WBFO NPR-affiliated radio, October 31, 2019.
- "Resignations and Appointments, 04.12.2019" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. December 4, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- Otterman, Sharon (December 4, 2019). "Buffalo Bishop Resigns After Scandal Over Secret List of Abusive Priests". New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- Harlan, Chico (December 4, 2019). "Buffalo Bishop Malone resigns following accusations that he mishandled sex abuse cases". Washington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- "Bishop Richard Malone of Buffalo resigns after leaked records, reported on by 60 Minutes". 60 Minutes Overtime. December 8, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- Tuskes, Marlee; Licastro, Troy (December 10, 2019). "Exclusive: Former Bishop Richard Malone speaks out for first time since stepping down". WIVB. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
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- "Hospitals". Catholic Health System. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Mount St. Mary Hospital to join Catholic Health" (Press release). Diocese of Buffalo. April 29, 2014. Archived from the original on August 27, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Religious have had tremendous impact on Polonia". Am-Pol Eagle. Cheektowaga, NY. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Colleges & Universities". Diocese of Buffalo. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Diocese begins strategic planning effort" (Press release). Diocese of Buffalo. June 8, 2005. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Diocese of Buffalo Announces Decision to Close 14 Schools as Part of Strategic Planning Process" (PDF) (Press release). Diocese of Buffalo. January 19, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Visioning for the Future: Catholic Elementary Schools Strategic Plan Phase I" (PDF). Diocese of Buffalo. November 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014. Cite journal requires
- Buechi, P.J. (February 2007). "Cheektowaga area hardest hit by school closings". Western New York Catholic. Buffalo, NY.
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- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .