J. R. L. Highfield
|Born||14 February 1922|
|Died||13 March 2017(aged 95)|
|Known for||Medieval history|
John Roger Loxdale Highfield (14 February 1922 – 13 April 2017) was an English historian of medieval Europe and fellow of Merton College, University of Oxford. His contribution to the study of medieval Spain was recognised by his appointment to the Order of Isabella the Catholic in 1989.
Roger Highfield enjoyed a long career at Merton College Oxford which began in 1948 when he joined the college as a Harmsworth Senior Scholar. Prior to that he read history at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was tutored by the influential historians A. J. P. Taylor and K. B. McFarlane.  He also did military service in the Royal Artillery. 
In 1951 he became Tutor in History at Merton, a post he kept until he retired in 1989, teaching alongside historians Robert Gildea and Philip Waller.  He was also a colleague of J. R. R. Tolkien, for whom he had little respect, describing the author as “very lazy" and “the worst sub-warden ever”, adding that Tolkien-mania left him “baffled”. When champagne was ordered to mark Tolkien's donation to the College of his original manuscript of The Hobbit, Highfield remarked acidly: "waste of good champagne".
Highfield served as Merton's archivist for almost 40 years, as well as other College offices. In 1953 Highfield began a series of annual history reading weeks in Cornwall, open to all undergraduate historians, a tradition which continues today.
- The Early Rolls of Merton College, Oxford; with an appendix of thirteenth-century Oxford charters. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964
- Europe in the Late Middle Ages. London: Faber, 1970. (Edited with J. R. Hale & B. Smalley)
- Spain in the Fifteenth Century, 1369-1516: essays and extracts by historians of Spain. London: Macmillan, 1972. (Editor) ISBN 0333111354
- The Crown and Local Cmmunities in England and France in the Fifteenth Century. London: Sutton, 1981. (Edited with Robin Jeffs) ISBN 0904387674
- Oxford and Cambridge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. (With Christopher Brooke) ISBN 0521301394
- A History of Merton College, Oxford. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. (with G. H. Martin) ISBN 0199201838
- Registrum annalium Collegii Mertonensis, 1603-1660. Woodbridge: Boydell Press/Oxford Historical Society, 2006. ISBN 0904107205
- Lomax, Derek W. & Mackenzie, David (eds.) (1989) God and Man in Medieval Spain: Essays in honour of J. R. L. Highfield. Warminster: Aris & Phillips. ISBN 0856684430
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