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|Education||Illinois State University|
|Alma mater||Austin High School|
(m. 1990; div. 2001)
|Children||3; including Skylar Townsend|
Robert Townsend (born February 6, 1957) is an American actor, director, comedian, and writer. Townsend is best known for directing the films Hollywood Shuffle (1987), Eddie Murphy Raw (1987), The Meteor Man (1993), The Five Heartbeats (1991) and various other films and stand-up specials. He is especially known for his eponymous self-titled character, Robert Peterson as the starring role as on The WB sitcom The Parent 'Hood (1995–1999), a series which he created and of which directed select episodes. Townsend is also known for his role as Donald "Duck" Matthews in his 1991 film The Five Heartbeats. He later wrote, directed and produced Making The Five Heartbeats (2018), a documentary film about the production process and behind the scenes insight into creating the film. Townsend is also known for his production company Townsend Entertainment  which has produced films Playin' for Love, In the Hive and more. During the 1980s and early–1990s, Townsend gained national exposure through his stand-up comedy routines and appearances on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Townsend has worked with talent including Halle Berry, Morgan Freeman, Chris Tucker, Beyoncé, Denzel Washington and many more.
Early life and career
Townsend was born in Chicago, Illinois, the second of four children to Shirley (née Jenkins) and Ed Townsend. His mother ended up raising him and his three siblings as a single parent. Growing up on the city's west side, Townsend attended Austin High School; graduating in 1975. He became interested in acting as a teenager. During a reading of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex in high school, Townsend captured the attention of Chicago’s X Bag Theatre, The Experimental Black Actors Guild. Townsend later auditioned for parts at Chicago's Experimental Black Actors' Guild and performed in local plays studying at the famed Second City comedy workshop for improvisation in 1974. Townsend had a brief uncredited role in the 1975 movie Cooley High.
After high school, Townsend enrolled at Illinois State University, studied a year and later moved to New York to study at the Negro Ensemble Company. Townsend's mother believed that he should complete his college education, but he felt that college took time away from his passion for acting, and he soon dropped out of school to pursue his acting career full-time.
Townsend auditioned to be part of Saturday Night Live's 1980–1981 cast, but was rejected in favor of Eddie Murphy. In 1982, Townsend appeared as one of the main characters in the PBS series Another Page, a program produced by Kentucky Educational Television that taught literacy to adults through serialized stories. Townsend later appeared in small parts in films like A Soldier's Story (1984), directed by Norman Jewison, and after its success garnered much more substantial parts in films like The Mighty Quinn (1989) with Denzel Washington.
In 1987, Townsend wrote, directed and produced Hollywood Shuffle, a satire based on the hardships and obstacles that black actors undergo in the film industry. The success of his first project helped him establish himself in the industry. Another of his films was The Five Heartbeats based on 1960s R&B male groups and the tribulations of the music industry. Townsend created and produced two television variety shows—the CableACE award–winning Robert Townsend and His Partners in Crime for HBO, and the Fox Television variety show Townsend Television (1993). He also created and starred in the WB Network's sitcom The Parent 'Hood which originally ran from January 1995 to July 1999. In 2018, Townsend also directed 2 episodes for the B.E.T. Series American Soul which began airing in 2019. The show is about Don Cornelius and Soul Train. Townsend was programming director at the Black Family Channel, but the network folded in 2007. Townsend created The Robert Townsend Foundation, a nonprofit organization whose mission is to introduce and help new unsigned filmmakers.
Awards and other credits
Townsend directed the 2001 TV movie, Livin' for Love: The Natalie Cole Story for which Cole won the NAACP Image Award as Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special. Townsend also directed two television movies in 2001 and 2002 respectively, Carmen: A Hip Hopera and 10,000 Black Men Named George. In 2013 Townsend was nominated for an Ovation Award in the category of "Lead Actor in a Musical" for his role as Dan in the La Mirada Theatre for the Performing Arts production of Next to Normal.
|Cooley High||1975||Basketball player seen in the gym room (uncredited)|
|The Monkey Hustle||1976||Musician|
|Streets of Fire||1984||Lester - The Sorels|
|A Soldier's Story||1984||Cpl. Ellis|
|Hollywood Shuffle||1987||Bobby Taylor (Director/Producer/Writer)|
|Eddie Murphy Raw||1987||(Director)|
|The Mighty Quinn||1989||Maubee|
|The Five Heartbeats||1991||Donald "Duck" Matthews (Director/Producer/Writer)|
|Robert Townsend and His Partners in Crime||1991||(Producer/Performer)|
|The Meteor Man||1993||Jefferson Reed/Meteor Man (Director/Producer/Writer)|
|The Parent 'Hood||1995–1999||Robert Peterson (Co-Creator)|
|Up, Up and Away||2000||Jim Marshall/Bronze Eagle (Director)|
|Carmen: A Hip Hopera||2001||(Director)|
|Livin' for Love: The Natalie Cole Story||2001||(Director)|
|10,000 Black Men Named George||2002||(Director)|
|I Was a Teenage Faust||2002||Mr. Five|
|Black Listed||2003||Alan Chambers (Director)|
|Of Boys and Men||2008||Holden Cole|
|In the Hive||2012||(Director)|
|Scooby-Doo! Music of the Vampire||2012||Vampire Actor #1 (voice)|
|Bill Cosby 77||2014||(Director)|
|Playin' for Love||2015||(Director/Performer/Producer)|
|Making The Five Heartbeats||2018||(Director)|
- Alexander, George. Why We Make Movies: Black Filmmakers Talk About the Magic of Cinema. Harlem Moon. 2003.
- Collier, Aldore. "Robert Townsend: a new kind of Hollywood dreamer. Actor-producer-director plans to make films that uplift and transform Black audiences". Ebony Magazine. 1 June 1991.
- Rogers, Brent. Robert Townsend Article in Perspectives. Sustaining Digital History, 12 November 2007.
- "Robert Townsend". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 January 2008.
- "As Robert Townsend Sees It : He's Fighting Stereotypes With 'Meteor Man' and New TV Show". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- The Five Heartbeats, retrieved 2019-09-16
- "Townsend Entertainment - IMDbPro". pro.imdb.com. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
- "Playin' For Love". Black Cinema Connection. 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
- "About". Robert Townsend. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14.
- "Carmen: A Hip Hopera", Wikipedia, 2019-08-09, retrieved 2019-09-17
- B*A*P*S, retrieved 2019-09-17
- "Townsend, Robert (1957-)". BlackPast.Org. 2008. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- "1975 Austin High School Yearbook (Chicago, Illinois)". Classmates.com. 1975. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- Vincent Canby, "Review/Film; Tropical Murder", The New York Times, February 17, 1989.
- The Mighty Quinn, retrieved 2019-09-17
- A Soldier's Story, retrieved 2019-09-17
- Hollywood Shuffle, retrieved 2019-09-17
- "2013 Ovation Awards Nominees — South by Southeast". thisstage.la. LA STAGE Alliance. September 16, 2013. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- "The Week's Best Photo". Google Books. JET Magazine. March 25, 1991. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- Gimenes, Erika (2001). "Robert Townsend to divorce". Hollywood.com. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- "Jackie's Back! (1999)" at IMDb.