|Count of Artois and Prince of France|
|Born||25 September 1216|
|Died||8 February 1250(aged 33)|
|Spouse||Matilda of Brabant|
|Issue||Blanche of Artois|
Robert II of Artois
|Father||Louis VIII of France|
|Mother||Blanche of Castile|
Robert I (25 September 1216 – 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, a Prince of France, and the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII, King of France and Blanche of Castile.
He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one). In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refused to pretend to such a title.
They had two children:
While participating in the Seventh Crusade, Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX. After fording a river, he and a group of Knights Templars charged a Mamluk outpost, during which the Mamluk commander, Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, was killed. Embolded by his success, Robert, the Templar knights, and a contingent of English troops charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets. According to Jean de Joinville, Robert defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed.
In popular culture
Robert Artois is featured in a segment of Horrible Histories, season 3, episode 1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert I of Artois.|
- Dunbabin, Jean (2014). Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century. Routledge.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Gee, Loveday Lewes (2002). Women, art, and patronage from Henry III to Edward III, 1216-1377. The Boydell Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Nieus, Jean-François (2005). Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300 (in French). De Boeck & Larcier.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Strayer, Joseph R. (1969). "Crusades of Louis IX". In Setton, Kenneth M. (ed.). A History of the Crusades. Vol. II. University of Wisconsin.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Wood, Charles T. (1966). The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy. Harvard University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
|New title|| Count of Artois