Robert Edwards (16 January 1905 – 4 June 1990), usually known as Bob Edwards, was a British trade unionist and an Independent Labour Party (ILP) and Labour Co-operative politician. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1955 to 1987.
Born in 1905, to docker parents, he was one of the youngest Labour councillors in Liverpool, becoming a councillor in 1927, aged 22. He also led an ILP Youth Delegation to the Soviet Union, where he met Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. During the General Strike in 1926 he was a TUC messenger, delivering important messages to the Trades Union Congress from individual unions.
Edwards was a leading member of the ILP after it split from the Labour in the 1930 and 1940s, serving as the party's Chairman from 1943 to 1948.
Edwards was the recipient of the Order of the People's Friendship from the Soviet Union. Former KGB officer, Oleg Gordievsky, who defected to the UK in 1985, claimed that Edwards had been a KGB agent for many years.
As an ILP candidate, Edwards unsuccessfully contested Chorley at the 1935 general election, and Stretford at a by-election in 1939 and the Newport by-election in 1945 (where he won 45.5% of the votes).
He was elected as Labour Co-operative MP for Bilston in the 1955 general election. The constituency was abolished in 1974, so in the February 1974 election, he stood successfully for Wolverhampton South East which covers a similar area. In 1983, he became the oldest sitting British MP.
Edwards died in June 1990, aged 85, three years after his retirement from Parliament.
- Orwell biography by Michael Shelden, Minerva paperback 1992 page 282
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Bilston
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton South East
| Oldest sitting member
(not Father of the House)
|Party political offices|
| Lancashire Division representative on the Independent Labour Party National Administrative Council
| Chairman of the Independent Labour Party