Robert Everett Allen Palmer II (1933 – March 11, 2006) was a historian and a leading figure in the study of archaic Rome. At the time of his death was professor emeritus of classical studies at the University of Pennsylvania.
Palmer started his teaching career at the University of Illinois. He began his Penn career in 1961 as an assistant professor of classical studies and was promoted to associate professor in 1966, and professor in 1970.
Palmer was an historian of ancient Rome, with particular interests in Roman religion and epigraphy. He was the author of numerous articles and several books. His most important research was a project on the neighborhoods (vici) of ancient Rome.
Palmer died at his home in Haverford, Pennsylvania at the age of 73.
- The king and the comitium: a study of Rome's oldest public document (1969).
- Roman Religion and Roman Empire (1974).
- The Archaic Community of the Romans (1970).
- Rome and Carthage at Peace (1997).
- University of Pennsylvania Almanac v. 52, no. 27 (28 March 2006).
- Obituary in the Philadelphia Inquirer