Richard Lockwood (c.1676–1756) of Dews Hall, near Maldon, Essex was a British merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1713 and 1741.
Lockwood was the only surviving son of Richard Lockwood of Gayton, Northamptonshire, and his wife Susanna Cutts, daughter of Edward Cutts of Maldon, Essex. He was educated probably at Westminster School in 1684. He became a wealthy merchant in the Turkish trade, and succeeded his father in about 1697. In 1711 he became an Assistant in the Levant Company and was also given an office as Gentleman of the Privy Chamber. By 1713, he had married Matilda Vernon, daughter of George Vernon of Sudbury, Derbyshire.
At the 1713 general election Lockwood was returned as Member of Parliament for Hindon. He was an outsider but stood on a joint ticket with the younger Reynolds Calthorpe, and it was possibly his wealth which accounted for the partnership. He was classed as a Whig because of his association with the Calthorpes, but was probably a closet Tory. He was Assistant to the Levant Company again from 1713 to 1715 while he was in Parliament. In June 1714 he stood in the ballot for the commission of public accounts, but did not get enough votes. Also, in 1714 he lost his post in the Household.
The Calthorpes opposed Lockwood at Hindon at the 1715 general election and he lost his seat. He also stood unsuccessfully for Worcester. Out of Parliament he became a Director of the Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation in 1720 and was an Assistant of the Royal African Company from 1720 to 1725. At the 1722 general election he topped the poll for City of London. He had also made back up arrangements to stand at Minehead, but these fell through when it was found he had to be present at the poll, which was not possible with his London commitments. He was considered to be Jacobite supporter by the Pretender's agent in London. In 1725 common council of the City thanked him for his ‘pains and applications’ in opposing the city of London elections bill. The affairs of the Royal African Company were to come before Parliament, and Lockwood and other MPs connected with it divested themselves of their stock so they could appear impartial. He became Director of the Royal African Company in 1726. He lost his London seat at the 1727 general election.. In 1732 he became Deputy Governor of the Royal Exchange Aassurance Corporation.
Lockwood was returned as MP for Worcester after a contest at the 1734 general election and sat again as a Tory in the 1734 Parliament. In 1735 he bought the estate of Dews Hall in Essex. He spoke on the gin bill in 1736, voted against the Government on the Spanish convention in 1739 and the place bill in 1740, and opposed a bill concerned with frauds in marine insurance on 27 March 1740. He did not seek re-election at the 1741 general election  and retired to Dews Hall. He enlarged and refronted the old brick building in the classical style.
- "LOCKWOOD, Richard (c.1676-1756), of College Hill, London". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "LOCKWOOD, Richard (1676-1756), of College Hill, London, and Dews Hall, nr. Maldon, Essex". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- W R Powell (1956). 'Lambourne: Manors', in A History of the County of Essex: Volume 4, Ongar Hundred,,. British History. pp. 76–81. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Henry Lee Warner
| Member of Parliament for Hindon
With: Reynolds Calthorpe, the younger
Major-General George Wade
Sir Thomas Scawen
| Member of Parliament for the City of London
With: Peter Godfrey 1722–1724
Sir John Barnard1722–1727
Francis Child 1722–1727
Richard Hopkins 1724–1727
Sir John Eyles
Sir John Barnard
Sir Richard Lane
Samuel Sandys, later Baron Sandys
| Member of Parliament for Worcester
With: Samuel Sandys, later Baron Sandys
Samuel Sandys, later Baron Sandys