Richard Hermann Wilhelm Lindenberg
February 18, 1911
|Died||February 1, 1992 (aged 80)|
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
|Nationality||Germany, United States|
Richard Lindenberg was a physician and pathologist, a Luftwaffe Captain during World War II, later Chief Neuropathologist of the State of Maryland. He testified before the Rockefeller Commission on the death of President John F. Kennedy.
Lindenberg received his medical education at the universities of Bonn, Munich, and Berlin, where his M.D. was awarded in 1934. He served his internship and residency, 1934-1939, at the university hospitals of Hamburg and Munich and at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute for Brain Research in Berlin as Oberarzt (senior resident or attending physician) under Professor Hugo Spatz. From 1939 until 1945, he was Air District Pathologist of the Luftwaffe, with the rank of captain in the medical corps, also under Hugo Spatz. He was senior resident in neuropsychiatry and director of the neuropathologic laboratory, Neuropsychiatric Hospital, at the University of Frankfurt-am-Main, 1945-1947.
In 1947 Lindenberg became an Operation Paperclip scientist, a term applied to German scientists who came to the United States after World War II under a contract with the War Department. (The space flight scientist, Wernher von Braun, was another Paperclip scientist.) Lindenberg arrived in the U.S. with Hubertus Strughold, former head of the Luftwaffe Institute for Aviation Medicine in Berlin. They proceeded to Randolph Field, Texas, where they did research from 1947 until 1950. Lindenberg's family remained in Germany, supported by the U.S. government, as agreed upon in the Paperclip contract. When the contract expired, Lindenberg went to Mexico briefly in order to re-enter the U.S. as a "landed" immigrant, which he could not do under the contract.
Neuropathologist in Maryland
Lindenberg returned to the U.S. as research neuropathologist at the Army Chemical Center in Edgewood, Maryland. In 1951 he became Director of Neuropathology and Legal Medicine in the Maryland State Department of Health and Mental Hygiene in Baltimore and consultant to Dr. Russell S. Fisher, the chief medical examiner of the State of Maryland. Lindenberg was certified in neuropathology in 1956 by the American Board of Pathology. His academic posts included Clinical Professor of Pathology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Lecturer in Forensic Pathology at Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health and Hygiene, Lecturer in Neuro-ophthalmology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and Lecturer in Applied Neuroanatomy at the University of Maryland, College of Dental Surgery. He published more than sixty scientific articles, six textbook chapters, and a book in collaboration with Dr. Frank B. Walsh, neuro-ophthalmologist at the Wilmer Eye Institute of Johns Hopkins University.
Rockefeller Commission testimony
Lindenberg confirmed the official Warren Commission Report of President Kennedy’s death, that a single bullet had struck Kennedy and Governor John Connally.
Lindenberg was married to Ella Wilhelmine Freytag (1913-1999), his assistant and collaborator, born in Hamburg, Germany.
Lindenberg retired in April 1976 and died in Baltimore, February 1, 1992
- Ernst Klee. Deutsche Medizin im Dritten Reich: Karrieren vor und nach 1945. S. Fischer, 2001 p 197
- Lindenberg R. In memoriam; Dr. Hugo Spatz. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1970 Apr;29(2):331-4. PMID 4910350
- Hirnforschung in Deutschland 1849 bis 1974: Briefe zur Psychiatrie und Neurowissenschaften sowie zum Einfluss des politischen Umfeldes auf Wissenschaftler. Editor: Peiffer, Jürgen. Springer 2013 p 1094
- LINDENBERG R. Ueber Erweichungen nach Gefässdurchtrennung bei offenen Verletzungen des Grosshirns und ihre Bedeutung für den Krankheitsverlauf. Arch Psychiatr Nervenkr Z Gesamte Neurol Psychiatr. 1948;118(5-6):483-501. PMID 18881915
- PRESENTATION OF AN AWARD FOR MERITORIOUS CONTRIBUTIONS TO NEUROPATHOLOGY to RICHARD LINDENBERG, M.D. by KENNETH M. EARLE, M.D. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1981 Nov;40(6):583-584.
- LINDENBERG R, WALSH FB. VASCULAR COMPRESSIONS INVOLVING INTRACRANIAL VISUAL PATHWAYS. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol. 1964 Jul-Aug;68:677-94. PMID 14195984
- Report of Richard Lindenberg, MD to the Rockefeller Commission, signed May 9, 1975. Gerald R. Ford Library