Sir Richard Anderson
|Born||28 April 1907|
Chelsea, London, England
|Died||4 September 1979 (aged 72)|
|Years of service||1927–1965|
|Unit||King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)|
|Commands held||1st Battalion, King's Own Royal Regiment|
2nd Infantry Brigade
17th Gurkha Division
British Forces in Malaya
Middle East Land Forces
Northern Ireland Command
|Battles/wars||Arab revolt in Palestine|
World War II
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath|
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in dispatches
|Other work||Director, Civil Defence for Wales, 1965–1968|
Born in Chelsea, London, on 28 April 1907, the son of Colonel Sir Neville Anderson, Anderson was educated at Tonbridge School and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. After passing out from Sandhurst, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) on 1 September 1927. Anderson served with the 2nd Battalion, King's Own throughout most of the interwar period and was promoted to lieutenant on 1 September 1930, and captain on 28 December 1936. From 30 March 1937 he served as his battalion's adjutant, which was deployed to Palestine the following year, where it was stationed during the Arab revolt in Palestine, and commanded for most of this time by Lieutenant Colonel Neil Ritchie, who was succeeded in August 1939 by John Hardy. For his services in Palestine Anderson was mentioned in dispatches on 15 September 1939.
He served in World War II, initially still as battalion adjutant until returning to England in April 1940, where he became Deputy Assistant Military Secretary at the War Office. From May to September 1940 he served as brigade major with the 199th Infantry Brigade, part of the 55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division.
In 1944 he was made Commanding officer (CO) of the 1st Battalion, King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), commanding it in the Italian Campaign where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for leading an attack on the village of Montone, which was successfully taken with only 28 casualties (including 5 KIA) compared to 105 Germans (20 KIA, the rest taken prisoner). Later, he was promoted to brigadier and became commander of 2nd Infantry Brigade, part of the British 1st Infantry Division, in the Italian Campaign.
After the Second World War he returned to Palestine and then became General officer commanding (GOC) 17th Gurkha Division in 1955. He was General Officer Commanding Overseas Forces in Malaya in 1957 and then Vice Adjutant General at the War Office from 1958. He was appointed General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Middle East Land Forces in 1960 and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Northern Ireland Command in 1963; he retired in 1965.
Honours and awards
- Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath 10 June 1961 (CB 1 January 1957)
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire 7 January 1949
- Distinguished Service Order 7 December 1944, 28 June 1945
- Mentioned in Despatches 15 September 1939
- Honorary Fellow, Institute of Civil Defence, 1966
- "No. 33308". The London Gazette. 2 September 1927. p. 5675.
- "King's Collections : Archive Catalogues : Military Archives". King's College London. Archived from the original on 31 July 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "No. 33640". The London Gazette. 2 September 1930. p. 5425.
- "No. 34363". The London Gazette. 26 January 1937. p. 557.
- "No. 34386". The London Gazette. 6 April 1937. p. 2197.
- "No. 34684". The London Gazette. 15 September 1939. p. 6330.
- "World War II unit histories & officers". unithistories.com. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Major General Richard Neville Anderson CB CBE DSO". King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "King's Own Royal Regiment Museum". plus.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 January 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Decision under the Commons Registration Act 1965.
| GOC 17th Gurkha Division
| Colonel of the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)
Regiment consolidated to form the King's Own Royal Border Regiment
| Colonel of the 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles
Sir Peter Hunt
Sir Roger Bower
| C-in-C Middle East Land Forces
Sir Charles Harington
| Colonel of the King's Own Royal Border Regiment
Sir William Scotter
| GOC British Army in Northern Ireland