Renaud II of Clermont (Renaud/Rainald II de Clermont; 1075–1152), son of Hugh I, Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, and Marguerite de Roucy (daughter of Hilduin IV, Count of Montdidier). Renaud became Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis upon his father’s death in 1101.
Renaud, also known as Rainald of Beauvais before he inherited the countship of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis from his father, took the Cross and joined the First Crusade in the army of Hugh the Great, Count of Vermandois, brother of Philip I of France. Hugh led a small army that travelled by ship, in an armada commanded by Arnout II, Count of Aarschot, to the Holy Land. In addition to Ranaud, some of the prominent members of Hugh’s army included Stephen of Aumale, Walter of Domart-en-Ponthieu (St.-Valery), Alan IV Fregant, Duke of Brittany, Walo II of Chaumont-en-Vexin, Girard I of Roussillon, and William V, Lord of Montpellier.
Sweetenham reports that during the siege, a Turk armed himself and rode towards the Crusaders at a high rate of speed. Rainaud mounted with his shield and lance, and killed the Turk outright, keeping his horse, much to the delight of the Franks. The Turk was carrying a letter allegedly from Mecca stating that the Turks were bringing their forces to jouse with the Franks in battle. It has been suggested that Rainaud’s actions infringed on the rules of war extant at the time.
It is not clear whether Rainaud returned to France with Hugh in 1098. There are not records of his serving in any other armies.
Marriages and children
- Marguerite of Clermont (1105-1145), married first to Charles I, Count of Flanders, second to Hugh II, Count of Saint-Pol, third to Baldwin of Encre.
Renaud married a second time to a woman whose name is not known; they had four children:
- Raoul I the Red, Count of Clermont-Beauvaisis
- Simon I (d. after 1189), Seigneur of Nesle and Ailly-sur-Noye
- Mathilde (d. 1200), married to Alberic III, Count of Dammartin.
Widowed, Renaud married for the third time, in 1129, to Clemence de Bar, daughter of Reginald I, Count of Bar, and his wife Giselle de Vaudémont. Renaud and Clemence had six children:
- Hugh (d. 1200), abbot of Creil, canon in Toul, archdeacon of Ligny
- Marguerite, married to Guy III de Senlis, Grand Butler of France
- Constance, married to Roger de La Tournelle.
Upon his death, Renaud was succeeded as Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis by his son Raoul.
- Riley-Smith, Jonathan. The First Crusaders, 1095-1131.
- Edgington, Susan. Albert of Aachen: Historia Ierosolimitana, History of the Journey to Jerusalem.
- "Albert of Aix, Historia Hierosolymitanae Expeditionis, Liber II, Cap. XLII, pg. 332".
- "Sweetenham, Carol, The Chanson D'Antioche: An Old French Account of the First Crusade, pg. 325".
- Galbert (de Bruges), The Murder, Betrayal, and Slaughter of the Glorious Charles, Count of Flanders, transl. John Jeffrey Rider, (Yale University Press, 2013), 42 note131.
- Galbert (de Bruges), The Murder, Betrayal, and Slaughter of the Glorious Charles, Count of Flanders, transl. John Jeffrey Rider, Yale University Press, 2013.
- Prime, Temple, Note on the County of Clermont, Notes Relative to Certain Matters Connected with French History, De Vinne Press, New York, 1903 (available on Google Books)
- Riley-Smith, Jonathan, The First Crusaders, 1095-1131, Cambridge University Press, London, 1997, pg. 218 (available on Google Books).
- Edgington, Susan, Albert of Aachen: Historia Ierosolimitana, History of the Journey to Jerusalem, Clarendon Press, Gloucestershire, 2007 (available on Google Books)
- A Database of Crusaders to the Holy Land, 1095-1149
- Sweetenham, Carol, The Chanson D'Antioche: An Old French Account of the First Crusade, Routliedge, Florence, Kentucky, 2016 (available on Google Books)
- Albert of Aix, Historia Hierosolymitanae Expeditions (archive).