Robert Hakim (19 December 1907 – 9 February 1992) and Raymond Hakim (23 August 1909 – 14 August 1980) were Egyptian-born brothers who usually worked in collaboration as film producers in France and other European countries. Their brother André Hakim was also a film producer.
Initially working for the American company Paramount, they formed the company Paris-Film Production in 1934. They financed Julien Duvivier's Pépé le Moko (1937), Jean Renoir's La Bête Humaine (1938) and Marcel Carné's Le Jour se lève (Daybreak 1939), all starring Jean Gabin. The brothers lived to the United States during World War II.
In 1950, they returned to France and embarked on producing films aimed at an international audience. Casque d'or (1953) effectively launched the career of Simone Signoret and Plein Soleil (1960) did the same for Alain Delon. Notre Dame de Paris (1956) with Anthony Quinn as Quasimodo and Gina Lollobrigida as Esmeralda was internationally successful, but not critically well received.
In the 1960s, they made two films with a nouvelle vague director, Claude Chabrol with À double tour (Web of Passion, 1959) and Les Bonnes Femmes (1960), but worked with older directors, like Luis Buñuel on Belle de jour (1967). Other times worked with someone relatively new to international audiences, like Michelangelo Antonioni on L'Eclisse (1962). They also worked with Roger Vadim on a remake of La Ronde (1964), which starred Vadim's then wife, Jane Fonda.
The Hakim's have a mixed reputation; American director Joseph Losey had an especially fraught relationship with them while making Eva (1962). In post-production, Losey and his team found the film had been recut during the weekend without their consultation; Losey and Robert Hakim almost came to blows. Michel Legrand was commissioned for the score without consultation too, but like actor Jeanne Moreau, was not paid a fee.