Albert Raymond Blackburn (11 March 1915 – 3 November 1991) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Member of Parliament for the Birmingham King's Norton and Birmingham Northfield constituencies.
He served in the British Army during World War II. On 21 January 1940, having completed his officer training at Sandhurst, he was commissioned into the East Yorkshire Regiment as a second lieutenant. He was given the service number 113779. On 1 July 1942, he transferred from the East Yorkshire Regiment to the Royal Regiment of Artillery. He reached the rank of captain.
On 4 January 1955, having been convicted of a crime by the civil authorities, he was "removed from the Army".
Blackburn stood unsuccessfully for the Common Wealth Party in the 1943 Watford by-election. He then won the King's Norton seat for Labour at the 1945 general election, defeating the sitting Conservative MP Basil Arthur John Peto but at the 1950 general election switched to the newly created Northfield seat. He left Parliament the following year.
Blackburn's political career, which began promisingly with his maiden speech being praised by Winston Churchill, was blighted by his alcoholism with the first of a series of arrests for drunkenness coming in 1947. Falling into further legal difficulties Blackburn was declared bankrupt in 1952 and imprisoned in 1956 for fraud regarding the illegal use of a caravan site, and for unlawfully inducing people to buy shares in a worthless company. He served 16 months in prison. He publicly acknowledged his drink problem and even wrote a 1959 book discussing how alcohol had ruined his career.
Moral and judicial crusader
After disappearing from the public view for a time Blackburn returned as a moral crusader, working closely with anti-pornography campaigner Lord Longford. His other campaigns included a failed drive against gambling and attempts to prosecute the films Mera ur kärlekens språk and Language of Love for gross indecency, the former successfully, the latter unsuccessfully. Although Mera ur kärlekens språk was the sequel of Language of Love Blackburn opted to prosecute the later film first.
Blackburn also took part in a number of prominent legal challenges of major constitutional significance, including R v Commissioner of Metropolitan Police, ex parte Blackburn, on illegal gambling and the duties of the police, and Blackburn v Attorney-General, on the constitutionality of the European Communities Act 1972.
Blackburn petitioned the court for a writ in regards to the Betting, Gaming and Lotteries Act 1963. The case was described as follows: "A and B are alleged to have committed a crime. A is charged with the crime, convicted and sentenced. B is not charged. At the trial of A there is evidence which suggests that B may have committed or been a participant to the crime. Can the prosecution be compelled to prosecute B?" In 1968, the Divisional Court of Queen's Bench consisting of Lord Widgery C.J., Stevenson and Brabin JJ, decided that "to prosecute must indisputably be a matter of discretion." The judgment was affirmed by the Court of Appeal in autumn of 1972.
In 1972, he decided to pursue this matter into the Court of Appeal, which confirmed the 1968 judgment, in a separate matter of enforcement against the British Board of Film Censors and a cinema of the pornography laws then extant. The original Blackburn case in the 1968 Court of Queen's Bench dealt with Blackburn's allegations of a London illegal gambling establishment, whereas in Autumn 1972 the adjudication was in the Court of Appeal of Lord Denning, MR.
The case was noted as recently as the 1998 decision of the Lords Regina v. Chief Constable of Sussex Ex Parte International Trader's Ferry Limited 1998 UKHL 40, concerning police protection for the customers of ITF, a company involved in the export of livestock through the port of Shoreham, during the early months of 1995 when animal rights protesters were trying to stop the trade.
The Blackburn cases more recently have attracted the attention of Albert Burgess and the English Constitution Group, in their quest to bring charges of treason against the politicians responsible for the European Communities Act 1972.
Blackburn married three times and had eight children. His first marriage was to Barbara Mary Robison in 1939. Together they had two sons and one daughter. Their marriage was dissolved in 1954. He was married to Marianne Ferguson from 1956 to 1959 when their marriage was dissolved. This was his only marriage to not produce children. His third and final marriage was to Tessa Hume in 1959. Their marriage ended on his death in 1991; she survived him. They had two sons and three daughters.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)
- "BLACKBURN, (Albert) Raymond". Who Was Who. A & C Black. December 2007. Missing or empty
- "No. 34777". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 January 1940. pp. 452–453.
- "No. 35945". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 March 1943. p. 1302.
- "No. 40506". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 June 1955. p. 3376.
- "Raymond Blackburn". The Herald. 5 November 1991. Archived from the original on 16 June 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Raymond Blackburn, I Am An Alcoholic, London: Allan Wingate, 1959
-  2 Q.B. 118
-  1 AER 763
-  2 All E.R. 1380
- "University of Western Australia Law Review Editors: "R v Metropolitan Police Commissioner, ex parte Blackburn (failure to prosecute)" (1972) v10 n4 p.411" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "(1975) 21 McGill L.J. 269: "Private Prosecutions in Canada: The Law and a Proposal for Change" (Burns)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- Reported as  1 Q.B. 241 (C.A.)
- ""Internet Law Book Reviews", Rob Jerrard LLB LLM". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "House of Lords Judgments: "Regina v. Chief Constable of Sussex Ex Parte International Trader's Ferry Limited" 1998 UKHL 40". Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Raymond Blackburn
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Birmingham King's Norton
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Birmingham Northfield