Graves in 1965 Seminole yearbook
|Born||December 31, 1918|
|Died||April 10, 2015 (aged 96)|
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|1951–1959||Georgia Tech (assistant)|
|Administrative career (AD unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
|SEC Coach of the Year (1960)|
University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame
Florida–Georgia Hall of Fame
|College Football Hall of Fame|
Inducted in 1990 (profile)
Samuel Ray Graves (December 31, 1918 – April 10, 2015) was an American college and professional football player and college football coach. He was a native of Tennessee and a graduate of the University of Tennessee, where he was the starting center and team captain for the Volunteers under head coach Robert Neyland. After playing in the National Football League for three seasons, he returned to Tennessee to serve as an assistant football coach, then left for a longer stint as an assistant at Georgia Tech under head coach Bobby Dodd. He was the head football coach at the University of Florida from 1960 until 1969, where he led the Gators to their most successful decade in program history up to that point. While at Florida, he recruited and coached Heisman Trophy-winning quarterback Steve Spurrier, who often praised Graves as a role model and mentor during his own successful coaching career. Graves also served as Florida's athletic director from 1960 until his retirement in 1979.
Early life and education
Graves was born in Knoxville, Tennessee on December 31, 1918. He was the son of a Methodist minister, and the Graves family often moved as his father took various pastorships in eastern Tennessee. In high school, he realized that his best (and perhaps only) opportunity to attend college would be to earn an athletic scholarship, so he worked hard at both football and academics while attending Central High School in Dayton, Tennessee.
Graves married Opal Richardson on November 3, 1942, and they had three daughters together.
Upon graduation from high school, Graves earned a scholarship at from Tennessee Wesleyan Junior College, a small Methodist-affiliated institution in Athens, Tennessee. Graves attended Wesleyan for a year, then received a scholarship offer from Duke University coach Wallace Wade, which he accepted. Before enrolling at Duke, however, Graves received a scholarship offer from Tennessee coach Robert Neyland and choose to stay in state to play for the well-regarded Volunteers.
Graves was a starter on the offensive line and at linebacker for the 1939 Tennessee team which was undefeated and unscored upon during the regular season and played in the Rose Bowl. The Vols played in the Sugar Bowl following his junior season, and Graves was the starting center and team captain during his senior year of 1941, earning third-team All-Southeastern Conference (SEC) honors.
Graves would later credit Neyland's insistence that all players learn the assignments of every position on the field for helping him to understand the game and become a better coach, though he did not try to imitate Neyland's aloof and highly disciplined coaching style.
Professional playing career
The Philadelphia Eagles selected Graves in the ninth round (seventy-third pick overall) in the 1942 NFL Draft. With the nation embroiled in World War 2, Graves volunteered for the United States Navy instead. However, he failed his physical examination due to a congenital hearing problem and was classified as 4-F, meaning that he would not be called to active duty except in a dire manpower emergency. He reported to the Eagles and played in the NFL for three seasons, including during the temporary 1943 merger of the Eagles and the Pittsburgh Steelers known as the "Steagles." (The Steagles were formed when the league had to limit rosters and cut back to eight teams because of manpower shortages during World War II.)
In three NFL seasons, Graves played in 28 games and started 15, mainly on the offensive line.
Graves had been offered the position of line coach for the Tennessee Volunteers in 1943, but the school did not field a football team that season due to World War II, so he continued to play pro football. After two seasons in the NFL, Graves returned to Knoxville to become the Volunteers' line coach in 1944.
In 1946, Graves returned to the Eagles of the NFL to serve as an assistant coach and scout, but when the team lost several lineman due to injury during the season, he returned to the field and played in seven games.
Following his playing career, Graves became a defensive coach at Georgia Tech under head coach Bobby Dodd. Under Dodd, Graves and offensive coach Frank Broyles, the Yellow Jackets won Southeastern Conference championships in 1951 and 1952, the 1951 Orange Bowl, the 1952 Sugar Bowl and the 1952 national championship. Graves is widely credited with creating what was then known as the "monster defense"—the modern alignment of the free safety and strong safety in the defensive backfield—while coaching under Dodd. In turn, Graves credited Dodd with serving as his role model of a "player's coach" who built relationships with players and coaches to get the most out of his team.
In 1960 Graves was hired as head football coach of the University of Florida, replacing fellow Tennessee alumnus Bob Woodruff. He served as the Gators' head coach for ten years from 1960 to 1969. Graves led Florida to five bowl appearances and he coached several outstanding players, including quarterback and Heisman Trophy recipient Steve Spurrier (1964–1966), running back and future NFL first-round draft pick Larry Smith (1966–1968) and defensive end and Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee Jack Youngblood (1968–1970).
Among the many highlights of the Graves era was the 1963 Gators' 10–6 upset victory over coach Bear Bryant's 1963 Alabama Crimson Tide in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. In one of the more interesting footnotes to his football legacy, Graves allowed Dr. Robert Cade, a professor in the University of Florida College of Medicine, to conduct dehydration analysis and rehydration experiments using team members which led to the formulation of Gatorade in 1965. After seeing the formula's potential in an intrasquad scrimmage, Graves asked Cade to make enough for the entire team for the next game against Louisiana State; the LSU Tigers wilted in the 102-degree game-day heat, and the Gators came from behind to win in the second half. He told his friend, Kansas City Chiefs head coach Hank Stram, of the drink's effectiveness, a move that eventually led to Gatorade becoming the official sports drink of the NFL.
Graves' saved the best for last. His 1969 Gators posted a 9–1–1 record, upset the Tennessee Volunteers, 14–13, in the Gator Bowl, and were ranked fourteenth in the final AP Poll. After achieving an all-time win-loss record at Florida of 70–31–4 (.686) and four final top-twenty poll rankings (1960, 1965, 1966, 1969), Graves stepped down to make room for former Gators quarterback Doug Dickey to return to his alma mater as the new head coach of the 1970 Gators. Graves remained the winningest coach in Gators football history until his former quarterback, Steve Spurrier, surpassed him in 1996.
Graves' Gators are remembered for their remarkable academic success as much as their athletic success. Ninety-three percent of his players graduated, and more than half of the graduates ultimately earned law or medical degrees. Graves' Silver Sixties Gators remain a close-knit group, and they held an annual reunion with their coach every year from 1970 to 2014.
After resigning as Florida's head football coach, Graves remained the university's athletic director until 1979, a position he had also held since becoming the football coach in 1960. His remaining tenure as athletic director was notable for the University of Florida embracing the challenges and opportunities in women's college sports presented by Title IX. After he was approached by Professor Dr. Ruth H. Alexander and other female coaches to fund women's athletics, their proposal was brought to the Faculty Committee on Intercollegiate Athletics who approved their budgeting plan for the 1972–73 season. Under Graves' guidance, Florida's women's sports program began its climb to become one of the top ten women's programs in Division I sports. After he retired as athletic director in 1979, he worked for another year as a special assistant for fundraising in the office of the university president.
Graves was inducted into the Florida Sports Hall of Fame in 1972, the University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame in 1981, the Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame in 1990, and the College Football Hall of Fame in 1990. When Steve Spurrier returned to Gainesville as the Gators' head coach in 1990, he created the team's new most valuable player award, the Ray Graves Trophy, with the annual recipients selected by the players. The Athletic Office at the University of Florida's Ben Hill Griffin Stadium was named in honor of Graves during the 2005 season.
Steagles 60th anniversary
On August 17, 2003, the Pittsburgh Steelers celebrated the sixtieth anniversary of the Steagles in pregame and halftime ceremonies for the 2003 season opener at Heinz Field. The Steelers recreated the era in their "Turn Back the Clock" ceremonies, including broadcasting in black and white on the Jumbotron and airing World War II footage during the national anthem. All live entertainment was done to reflect the 1940s.
Graves was on hand as six of the nine surviving members of that Steagles team were honored by the Steelers during halftime. During the festivities, the Steelers gave each of the six members a replica Steagles jersey. The jersey worn by Graves was returned to the team after the festivities. It was sold by the Steelers a month later to Bill Ponko, a private collector of sports memorabilia, to benefit a local charity.
After resigning as the University of Florida's athletic director in 1980, Graves became vice president of Steinbrenner Enterprises in Tampa, Florida. He also served as a consultant to the Jacksonville Bulls of the United States Football League (USFL). Graves retired in 1989, and he continued to live in Tampa with his wife Opal. He died in nearby Clearwater on April 10, 2015. He was 96 years old.
Head coaching record
|Florida Gators (Southeastern Conference) (1960–1969)|
- History of the University of Florida
- List of College Football Hall of Fame inductees (coaches)
- List of University of Tennessee people
- University of Florida Athletic Association
- Julian M. Pleasants, Gator Tales: An Oral History of the University of Florida, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, p. 189 (2006).
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- Harry, Chris (June 22, 2012). "Title IX at 40: the Road to Championships Has Been Paved with Adversity". floridagators.com. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
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- Tennessee Sports Hall of Fame, Inductees Archived July 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
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- Gerry Dulac, "Steelers Notebook: Simmons will play vs. Eagles," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (August 15, 2003). Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- "Ray Graves". College Football Hall of Fame. Football Foundation. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- Joey Johnston, "Former Florida Gators coach Ray Graves dies at age 96," Tampa Tribune (April 10, 2015). Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- Edgar Thompson, "Former Gators coach Ray Graves dead at age 96," Orlando Sentinel (April 10, 2015). Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- 2012 Florida Football Media Guide, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida (2012).
- Carlson, Norm, University of Florida Football Vault: The History of the Florida Gators, Whitman Publishing, LLC, Atlanta, Georgia (2007). ISBN 0-7948-2298-3.
- Golenbock, Peter, Go Gators! An Oral History of Florida's Pursuit of Gridiron Glory, Legends Publishing, LLC, St. Petersburg, Florida (2002). ISBN 0-9650782-1-3.
- Graves, Samuel Ray, Ray Graves' Guide to Modern Football Defense, Parker Publishing Co., West Nyack, New York (1966).
- Graves, Samuel Ray, Ray Graves' Guide to Modern Football Offense, Parker Publishing Co., West Nyack, New York (1967).
- Hairston, Jack, Tales from the Gator Swamp: A Collection of the Greatest Gator Stories Ever Told, Sports Publishing, LLC, Champaign, Illinois (2002). ISBN 1-58261-514-4.
- McCarthy, Kevin M., Fightin' Gators: A History of University of Florida Football, Arcadia Publishing, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina (2000). ISBN 978-0-7385-0559-6.
- McEwen, Tom, The Gators: A Story of Florida Football, The Strode Publishers, Huntsville, Alabama (1974). ISBN 0-87397-025-X.
- Nash, Noel, ed., The Gainesville Sun Presents The Greatest Moments in Florida Gators Football, Sports Publishing, Inc., Champaign, Illinois (1998). ISBN 1-57167-196-X.
- Pleasants, Julian M., Gator Tales: An Oral History of the University of Florida, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (2006). ISBN 0-8130-3054-4.
- Proctor, Samuel, & Wright Langley, Gator History: A Pictorial History of the University of Florida, South Star Publishing Company, Gainesville, Florida (1986). ISBN 0-938637-00-2.
- Van Ness, Carl, & Kevin McCarthy, Honoring the Past, Shaping the Future: The University of Florida, 1853–2003, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (2003).