Ramon Berenguer II
|Count of Barcelona|
Ramon Berenguer II
|Died||6 December 1082|
Sant Feliu de Buixalleu
|Spouse(s)||Mahalta of Apulia|
|Father||Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona|
|Mother||Almodis de La Marche|
Ramon Berenguer II the Towhead or Cap de estopes (1053 or 1054 – December 5, 1082) was Count of Barcelona from 1076 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona and Almodis de La Marche. The Chronicle of San Juan de la Pena called him, ". . . exceeding brave and bold, kind, pleasant, pious, joyful, generous, and of an attractive appearance". Because of the extremely thick hair he had on top of his head, he was known as Cap d'Estop."
He succeeded his father, Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona, as co-ruler with his twin brother, Berenguer Ramon, in 1075. The twins failed to agree and divided their possessions between them, against the will of their late father. Ramon Berenguer the Towhead, so called because of the thickness and colour of his hair, was killed while hunting in the woods in 1082. His brother, who went on to become the sole ruler of Catalonia, was credited by popular opinion of having orchestrated this murder. Berenguer Ramon II the Fratricide was later succeeded by Ramon Berenguer's son, Ramon Berenguer III.
Family and issue
Ramon Berenguer married Mahalta (or Maud) of Apulia, born ca. 1059, died 1111/1112, daughter of Duke Robert Guiscard and of Sikelgaita de Salerno. Following his murder, she remarried to Aimery I of Narbonne, and was the mother of his son Aimery II.
- Bamford, Heather (2018). Cultures of the Fragment: Uses of the Iberian Manuscript, 1100-1600. University of Toronto Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Benito, Pere (2017). "An Intense but Stymied Occitan Campaign". In Sabaté, Flocel (ed.). The Crown of Aragon: A Singular Mediterranean Empire. Brill. pp. 92–124.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Bensch, Stephen P. (1995). Barcelona and Its Rulers, 1096-1291. Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Graham-Leigh, Elaine (2005). The Southern French Nobility and the Albigensian Crusade. The Boydell Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Heygate, Catherine (2013). "Marriage Strategies among the Normans of Southern Italy in the Eleventh Century". In Stringer, Keith J.; Jotischky, Andrew (eds.). Norman Expansion: Connections, Continuities and Contrasts. Routledge. pp. 165–186.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Peña (1991). The Chronicle of San Juan de la Peña: A Fourteenth-century Official History of the Crown of Aragon. Translated by Nelson, Lynn H. University of Pennsylvania Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Ramon Berenguer I
| Count of Barcelona
with Berenguer Ramon II
Berenguer Ramon II