Christmas 2005 double issue
|Categories||TV and radio listings magazine|
|Circulation||577,087 (January – June 2018)|
|First issue||28 September 1923|
|Company||BBC Magazines (1937–2011)|
Immediate Media Company (since 2011)
|Based in||London, England|
Radio Times is a British weekly magazine which provides film reviews, radio and television listings. It was the world's first broadcast listings magazine when it was founded in 1923 by John Reith, then general manager of the British Broadcasting Company (from 1 January 1927 the British Broadcasting Corporation).
It was published entirely in-house by BBC Magazines from 8 January 1937 until 2011 when the division was merged into Immediate Media Company. In 2017 it was bought by the German media group Hubert Burda.
Since its published on Tuesdays (the day having gradually moved forward from Fridays over many years) and carried listings for the following Saturday through to Friday, before issues ran from Sunday to Saturday, while the changeover that from 8 October 1960 which was listed twice.
History and publication
The Radio Times was first issued on 28 September 1923 for the price of 2d, carrying details of programmes for six BBC wireless stations (2LO, 5IT, 2ZY, 5NO, 5WA and 5SC), newspapers at the time boycotted radio listings fearing that increased listenership might decrease their sales. It included a 'Message to "listeners"' by the BBC's chairman, Lord Pease.
Initially, The Radio Times was a combined enterprise between the British Broadcasting Company and the publisher George Newnes, who type-set, printed and distributed the magazine. In 1925 the BBC assumed full editorial control, but printing and distribution could not begin in-house until 1937. The Radio Times established a reputation for using leading writers and illustrators, and the covers from the special editions are now collectable design classics. On 1 May 1927, The Radio Times received an experimental Braille edition was produced under the auspices of the National Institute for the Blind, its success led to a regular weekly Braille version starting publication costing one penny each.
In 1928, The Radio Times announced a regular series of 'experimental television transmissions by the Baird process' for half an hour every morning. The launch of the first regular 405-line television service by the BBC was reflected with television listings in the Radio Times London edition of 23 October 1936. Thus Radio Times became the first-ever television listings magazine in the world, initially only two pages in each edition were devoted to television, which ran from Monday to Saturday and off-air on Sundays.
From issue 693, with the cover date of 8 January 1937, the definitive article "The" was no longer used on the masthead after 14 years, and the magazine became simply called Radio Times. However on the same date, the magazine published a lavish photogravure supplement and by September 1939, there were three pages of television listings.
Prior to the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, the BBC radio listings provided a National Programme for the whole in the United Kingdom, and the Regional Programme appeared in seven different versions (London, Midlands, North, West, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland), plus the Aberdeen and Stagshaw programmes each with a combination of national and regional were transmitted to the north east of Scotland and England respectively, before the two stations merged into an single service.
Britain declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939 and television broadcasting ceased, radio listings continued throughout the war with a reduced service. As from 23 June 1944, just 18 days after D-Day, the Allied Expeditionary Forces edition carried details of all the programmes for the Home Service and General Forces Programme, but by the same year that paper rationing meant editions were only 20 pages of tiny print on thin paper, when the Radio Times expanded with regional editions were introduced from 29 July 1945 and television resumed once again on 7 June 1946.
From 18 January 1953 the television listings, which had been in the back of the magazine, were placed alongside the daily radio schedules and on 17 February 1957, the television listings were moved to a separate section at the front with radio listings relegated to the back, a day's listings was sometimes spread over up to three double-page spreads mixed with advertisements, but this format was phased out when independent publishers were allowed to publish television programme schedules:
|Category||Channels and stations|
|Television||BBC Television Service (with the regional areas of London, Midlands, North, Scotland, West/Wales and Northern Ireland)|
|Sound||BBC Home Service (1 September 1939), BBC Light Programme (29 July 1945), BBC Third Programme (29 September 1946), BBC Network Three (30 September 1957)|
On 4 August 1962, when Radio Times was again revamped, the Abram Games' masthead was replaced with one incorporating the words in the Clarendon typeface on the left, and the BBC / tv / Sound reversed out to the right; while the main change was the reduction of BBC radio listings for Home, Light and Third to a double-page spread brought down into size, it had been running at between 60 and 68 pages but the relaunched issue (two years earlier) contained only 52 pages.
On 6 September 1969, Radio Times is given a radical makeover as well as the front cover is surrounded by black border and italicses its masthead (in the Caslon typeface with swash capitals that remained until April 2001) was an attempt to emphasize the "R" for radio and "T" for television. In some changes for the new format saw the introduction of a weekly column previewing "this week's films", however the look of the magazine was initially at least became far more restrained less the white space between columns on headings, most significantly the "lifestyle" section (which covers motoring, gardening and cooking) and the crossword puzzle was completely dropped, while the highlights section on the right page is scrapped, but despite the new look, they switched the date format from "month-day-year" to "day-month-year" and ceases carrying cigarette advertisements after 46 years since its first published. Since Christmas 1969, a 14-day double-sized issue has been published each December containing listings for two weeks of programmes. Originally, this covered Christmas and New Year listings, but in some years these appear in separate editions, with the two-week period ending just before New Year.
On 1 September 1984, web-offset printing was used for the first time, and the magazine became brighter and more colourful, with newsprint and sheets of gravure is replaced by black ink and white paper, including the new film icon and "today at a glance" (on the right page) used for BBC television listings. Starting from 1986, Radio Times introduces the new family viewing policy warns BBC Television does not broadcast programmes before 9:00pm which it believes to be unsuitable for children after that time parents can be expected to share responsibility but some programmes may be appropriate for adult audiences.
On 17 December 1988, its popularity climaxed when the Christmas edition sold an astounding 11,220,666 copies, and the Guinness Book of Records as the biggest-selling edition of any British magazine in history.
From 2 June 1990 the entire magazine was published in colour for the first time which ended monochrome for over 67 years, the day's listings beginning with a single page of highlights that includes "at a glance", followed by the double-page spreads of BBC Television channels and BBC Radio stations (with BBC Local Radio at the end). The channel logos arrived on 16 February 1991 as the same date for the new BBC One and BBC Two station idents, when they started covering all channels.
Before the deregulation of television listings on 1 March 1991, the four weekly listings magazines were as follows:
- Radio Times carried programme listings for BBC radio and television channels as well as BBC Local Radio stations since 8 November 1967.
- The ITV-published magazine TV Times, launched on 22 September 1955 carried television programme listings for ITV, and Channel 4 from 2 November 1982. Prior to this, several of the regional ITV companies produced their own listings magazines for Look Westward (WTV), The Viewer (Tyne Tees/STV), TV Post (Ulster Television), Television Weekly (TWW/WWN/ITSWW/Harlech Television) and TV World (ATV/ABC) are published, before TV Times went national on 21 September 1968.
- Rupert Murdoch's publication TV Guide, launched on 19 March 1989 carrying the 28 pages of Astra satellite (1A) television listings for Sky Television channels (including Sky One, Sky News, Sky Movies, Eurosport, and from 15 December 1990, Sky Arts, The Movie Channel, The Power Station and The Sports Channel on the Marcopolo satellite which were added after the BSB's merger), MTV Europe, RTL Véronique (for English language programmes), Screensport, The Children's Channel, Lifestyle and a highlights of BBC, ITV and Channel 4 listings as well.
- In the Republic of Ireland, Raidió Teilifís Éireann publishes the RTÉ Guide (formerly as the RTV Guide) launched in December 1961 which offers detailed programme listings for RTÉ Television and RTÉ Radio channels, while early on listings were carried for BBC Northern Ireland but were later dropped in 1966 and only RTÉ programme listings were carried until 13 April 1991.
Today both publications carry listings for all major terrestrial, cable and satellite television channels in the United Kingdom and following deregulation, new listings magazines such as Mirror Group's TV Plus, IPC Media's What's on TV and Bauer Media Group's TV Quick (until 2010) began to be published.
While the major refresh on 31 August 1991, the four extra pages of satellite television listings and one page of highlights section were replaced by the number of satellite channels on the left in the daytime television listings with "at a glance" on the right to complete the set, then followed by evening's television listings. On 5 September 1992, Radio Times devoted two pages of satellite and cable channels to making up the six pages of television listings for a day:
|Movies||Sky Movies, The Movie Channel, Sky Movies Gold (from 1 October 1992)|
|Sport||Sky Sports, Eurosport, Screensport|
|News||Sky News, CNN International|
|Entertainment (unused)||Sky One, The Comedy Channel, UK Gold (from 1 November 1992), Lifestyle, The Children's Channel, MTV Europe, TV Asia, The Adult Channel|
|Cable||Bravo, Discovery Channel, The Learning Channel, Super Channel, Asiavision, Home Video Channel|
During 1993, Radio Times had several programme listing pages have been recently altered:
- 1 January – the VideoPlus+ number codes to cover all the terrestrial and satellite television channels for the first time.
- 2 January – the new icon "film premiere" appears used for the terrestrial television listings, replacing the phrase "first showing on network television".
- 5 June – the radio listings is given a radical makeover with highlights on the right, including Virgin 1215, Classic FM and BBC World Service were added on each pages having previously used for the local radio section, and the television listing pages saw the introduction of the year of production detail for films added as well.
- 25 September – the daytime listings with "at a glance" is now on the right page, but however the advertisements were occupied on the left page, and also the channel logos reduced into horizontal bars in smaller size on adjacent columns used for terrestrial television listings.
Radio Times' design was refreshed on 3 September 1994 as the television listings had the day's name written vertically with "today's choices" replacing "at a glance" on the left of a page, while the major revamp on 25 September 1999 as well as the programme page headings were returned which also changed the "letters" section beginning on the front pages and primetime television listings from two narrow columns to one wide column, and lasted until 13 April 2001 (shortly before Easter), which saw the new masthead title with the BBC's corporated typeface Gill Sans (until the end of 2004) and the programme pages with eight pages of television listings reverted to having the day running across the top of the page horizontally.
On 26 November 2002, NTL and BBC Worldwide announced a major new agreement that will offer an exclusive and tailored edition of Radio Times to every customer across the United Kingdom for every week it will be delivered directly to subscribers' homes. The special NTL edition of Radio Times replaces the monthly Cable Guide, which ran from September 1986 to December 2002, will contain programme information for NTL channels (including all terrestrial channels) with Front Row's pay-per-view movies and events will also be included. Subscribers will be offered the first four weekly issues of the new title for the same price as the existing monthly magazine, will be delivered free to homes in time for the first programme week of 4 January 2003, both companies will actively and jointly market the new edition.
From 30 October 2004, the programme listings pages have been revamped with the regional variations is now at the bottom of daytime section as well as the same spread on the five main channels include BBC Three, BBC Four, ITV2 and ITV3 (launches on 1 November) now appear on digital/cable section on the right page and a "Kids' TV" section (that includes Nick Jr., CBeebies, CBBC and Disney Channel) in a single page on the left. On 22 May 2007, two extra pages of television listings per day were added as part of a slight tweak in the publication's format, bringing it up to ten pages of listings per day in total, or five double-page spreads: one page of highlights with daytime listings and regional variations, followed by two pages of evening's terrestrial television listings (with "at a glance" for nine digital channels until 2010), then six pages of listings for digital, satellite and cable channels.
The most sweeping change came into effect on 10 April 2010 as Radio Times went through a major overhaul with the two pages for latest reviews of highlights ("choices") that similar to TVTimes, while the daytime listings moved onto the evening section having the full day's output for the five main channels on one double-page spread to complete the set:
Other changes saw the evening listings start at 5.00pm rather than 6.30pm (sometimes earlier than 5.00pm for weekends, bank holidays, Easter, Christmas and New Year), the addition of electronic program guide numbers into the channel headers, and the inclusion of director and year of production details on all Film4 movies throughout the day. Following the closure of the BBC Three channel on 20 February 2016, Radio Times stated to include BBC Four in the main channels section with Channel 5 being relegated to the Freeview section pages, reverting back to its original four-channel format which had been used for that page between 1 March 1991 and 29 March 1997.
From 25 March 2020, Radio Times introduces the two new sections of podcasts and the six pages of streaming and various catch-up services such as BBC iPlayer, Now TV, Disney+, BritBox, Netflix, Amazon Prime and UKTV Play.
Following the 1969 relaunch, circulation indeed dropped by about a quarter-of-a-million, this would take several years to recover although it remained ahead of glossier more lifestyle-led competitor, TVTimes. In the mid-1970s it was just over four million while (as of 2013) it is just over one million.
During the major revamp in April 2010, Radio Times is the third biggest selling magazine in the United Kingdom however according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, the magazine experienced about 2.2% year-on-year decrease to an average weekly sale of 1,648,000 in the second half of 2009.
The latest circulation figure (January 2018 – January 2019) for the Radio Times is 622,000 ( 11.3%) making it third in the TV listings magazine market behind TV Choice (998,561) 2.1%) and What's on TV (887,049,558 11.7%).
Between April and November 1990, Radio Times launches the four-page preview of British Satellite Broadcasting programmes for five channels (that includes The Sports Channel, The Movie Channel, Now, Galaxy and The Power Station) as seen used for advertisement feature.
After the deregulation of television listings, there was strong criticism from other listings magazines that Radio Times was advertised on the BBC (as well as on commercial channels), saying that it gave unfair advantage to a publication and includes the tagline: "If it's on... it's in".
The case went to court, but the outcome was that as the Radio Times had close connections with the BBC it would be allowed to be advertised by the BBC; however from 1992 until 2004, it must be a static picture of the cover and show clear disclaimer "Other television listings magazines are available" leading to the phrase entering common public usage for a time.
By the early 2000s, advertisements for the publication had become sparse on the BBC. The Radio Times has not been promoted on BBC television and radio channels since 2005, following complaints by rival publications that the promotions were unfair competition.
For various reasons, some issues were not printed. These include:
|Issue No.||Issue date||Reason|
|138||14 May 1926||General strike|
|1221||21 February 1947||Fuel crisis|
|28 February 1947|
|1404||8 September 1950||Printing dispute|
|1408||13 October 1950|
|20 October 1950|
|27 October 1950|
|3012||1 August 1981|
|3099||2 April 1983|
|3100||9 April 1983|
|3134||3 December 1983|
Printing disputes and other operational difficulties have also led to the magazine appearing in a different formats to the standard:
|Issue No.||Issue date||Reason|
|1342||1 July 1949||London edition printed by The Daily Graphic|
|1404||15 September 1950||Nine-day issue, northern edition printed as a tabloid|
|1408||3 November 1950|
|1685||24 February 1956||Printed as a broadsheet in Paris, France|
|1686||2 March 1956|
|1687||9 March 1956|
|1688||16 March 1956|
|1689||23 March 1956|
|1690||30 March 1956|
|2870||11 November 1978||Cover printed in monochrome|
|2871||18 November 1978|
|2872||25 November 1978|
|2951||31 May 1980|
There are several regional editions, which each contain different listings for regional programming. All editions of Radio Times carry variations for adjoining regions and local radio listings.
When it began on 28 September 1923, during the interwar period, there was just a single national edition, but from 10 October 1926 there were three separate editions – Southern, Northern and Scottish/Ulster. They were published until 7 January 1934 when Radio Times reverted back to one edition:
|Edition||BBC wireless stations|
|Southern||2LO (London), 5IT (Birmingham), 5WA (Cardiff), 6BM (Bournemouth), 5PY (Plymouth), 5NG (Nottingham), 6ST (Stoke), 5SX (Swansea)|
|Northern||2ZY (Manchester), 5NO (Newcastle), 2FL (Sheffield), 6LV (Liverpool), 2LS (Leeds/Bradford), 6KH (Hull)|
|Scottish/Ulster||5SC (Glasgow), 2BD (Aberdeen), 2DE (Dundee), 2BE (Belfast)|
After the war, regional editions were introduced on 29 July 1945 and the television service is finally resumed on 7 June 1946 (after closed down on 1 September 1939 in the duration of war for over six years). The spread of television editions for Radio Times when the full listings (with six pages) were not included in all issues until August 1952:
|BBC TV (later BBC One) regions||Service date|
|London||2 November 1936|
|Midlands||17 December 1949|
|North of England||12 October 1951|
|Scotland||14 March 1952|
|West of England (including Wales until 1964)||15 August 1952|
|Northern Ireland||21 July 1955|
|Wales||9 February 1964|
When BBC Two began on 20 April 1964, there were a number of "BBC-2 edition" for areas where only certain parts of a region could get BBC Two until July 1966:
|BBC Two regions||Service date|
|London & South East||20 April 1964|
|Midlands & East Anglia||6 December 1964|
|Wales||12 September 1965|
|North of England||31 October 1965|
|South & West||16 January 1966|
|Northern Ireland||11 June 1966|
|Scotland||9 July 1966|
|Edition||BBC regions||ITV regions|
|London||BBC South East||Thames Television (until 31 December 1992), Carlton Television (from 1 January 1993), London Weekend Television|
|East Anglia||BBC East||Anglia Television|
|Midlands||BBC Midlands, BBC East Midlands||Central Independent Television|
|South||BBC South, BBC South East||Television South (until 31 December 1992), Meridian Broadcasting (from 1 January 1993), Channel Television (from 26 October 1991)|
|West||BBC West||Harlech Television (HTV)|
|Wales||BBC Cymru Wales|
|South West||BBC South West||Television South West (until 31 December 1992), Westcountry Television (from 1 January 1993)|
|Yorkshire||BBC North||Yorkshire Television|
|North East||Tyne Tees Television|
|North West||Granada Television|
|Central Scotland||BBC Scotland||Scottish Television|
|Northern Scotland||Grampian Television|
|Northern Ireland (Ulster)||BBC Northern Ireland||Ulster Television (UTV)|
The number of regional editions has been altered over the years with the number of regional editions gradually being reduced over time due to there being fewer variations in the schedules:
- The North of England region was separated from Northern Ireland in 1949 who had their own edition.
- On 8 October 1960 the Midlands region was renamed Midlands & East Anglia, and the West of England region was renamed South & West.
- As from 21 March 1964 the previously unmarked London region was renamed London & South East, it was later dropped on 25 March 1989 when the "London" name is no longer used, became known as South East, and later reverted back to its original "London" name on 23 February 1991.
- Between 26 February 1972 and 23 August 1985, Radio Times suffered frequent printing disputes that often meant to having special combined editions used for both "England" and national.
- These regions were further subdivided with individual editions for each BBC Local Radio station. This continued until February 1981 when each regional edition began to cover three local stations.
- From 1 November 1982 until 22 February 1991, S4C listings were included in the Wales edition known as "Rhaglenni Cymraeg", but only the Welsh language programmes were listed as when English language programmes were being broadcast, Radio Times merely said "Rhaglenni Saesneg", as opposed to the TVTimes' pull-out supplement Sbec which did carry details on English language programming.
- After the deregulation of television listings on 1 March 1991, they rebranded the Northern Ireland edition as "Ulster" (named after the historic Irish province) and started including RTÉ Television listings for RTÉ1 and Network 2 as well.
- Radio Times used to have three separate editions for Grampian, Scottish and Border, just then after a while they merged back into one Scotland edition from July 1991.
- From 1 January 1993, Radio Times started television listings for Carlton, Meridian, Westcountry and GMTV as part of the four new ITV regional companies, replacing Thames, TVS, TSW and TV-am having lose their franchises on 16 October 1991.
- The Yorkshire region was absorbed by the North East region on 25 September 1993 and later added the North West region on 7 April 2007 to resembles the old North of England area from 1945 until 1970.
- On 25 August 2007 the Midlands and London/Anglia regions were merged.
- The exception to this process of merging is Wales, which used to be part of a larger Wales/West (of England) version, mirroring the HTV region, and separated on 16 April 2005 leaving the West of England area to join South and South West editon.
As of 2019, Radio Times used to have six regional editions for television channels and radio stations throughout the country had been since August 2007.
When the magazine was a BBC publication, covers had a BBC bias (in 2005, 31 of the 51 issues had BBC-related covers). Most covers consist of a single side of glossy paper. However, the magazine often uses double or triple-width covers that open out for large group photographs, while events such as Crufts or new series of popular programmes are marked by producing several different covers for collectors. On 10 February 2007, the second series of Life on Mars, meanwhile, was marked by the Radio Times producing a mock-up of a 1973-style cover promoting the series, placed on page 3 of the magazine.
Each year, the Radio Times celebrates those individuals and programmes that are featured on the cover at the Radio Times Covers Party, where framed oversized versions of the covers are presented.
On 5 May 2020, as Radio Times reaches its 5,000th edition with excellent lead articles from the support staff and workers of the National Health Service front line protecting the global COVID-19 pandemic (also known as the coronavirus disease) to saving millions of lives, and also granted this special cover showing the colours of the rainbow which uses acrylic paint in a plain white background.
On 30 April 2005, a double-width cover was used to commemorate the return of the Daleks to Doctor Who and the forthcoming general election. This cover recreated a scene from the 1964 Doctor Who serial The Dalek Invasion of Earth in which the Daleks were seen crossing Westminster Bridge, with the Houses of Parliament in the background. The cover text read "VOTE DALEK!" In a 2008 contest sponsored by the Periodical Publishers Association, this cover was voted the best British magazine cover of all time.
Christmas and New Year
The cover of the 'Christmas Number' (as this issue came to be called) dating from the time when it contained just a single week's listings, usually features a generic festive artwork, atypical for the magazine, which since the 1970s has almost exclusively used as a TVTimes-style photographic covers for all other issues.
Sporting and various events
Radio Times had several sporting events with more than one of the Home Nations (such as the Five/Six Nations, UEFA European Championship, Commonwealth Games and the Rugby World Cup) taking part are often marked with different covers for each nation, showing their own team.
On 10 July 1969, Radio Times celebrated the Apollo 11 moon landing with this cover bearing the "TARGET MOON" caption at the top of the Saturn V rocket lifts off from Kennedy Space Center on 16 July as part of the NASA's Apollo mission before landed on the moon on 20 July, and also a special eight-page, pull-out colour supplement marking for the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 in 2019.
Second World War
On 10 May 1945, two days after VE Day, the Radio Times declared "Victory Number" containing 24 pages of BBC radio programmes for the next eight days, with an special illustrated cover designed by Terry Freeman, incorporating the V sign as twin bursts of spotlights above the London skyline.
Annuals and guides
From 2000 to 2018, BBC Worldwide has published the Radio Times Guide to Films, featuring more than 21,000 films in a 1,707-page book. The 2006 edition was edited by Kilmeny Fane-Saunders and featured an introduction by Barry Norman, former presenter of the BBC's Film programme (until his death on 30 June 2017 at the age of 83). The Radio Times Guide to Films 2007 is introduced by Andrew Collins.
There are also similar publications, the Radio Times Guide to Comedy by Mark Lewisohn and the Radio Times Guide to Science-Fiction.
The Radio Times website was launched in 1997 primarily as a listings service. In 2011, it relaunched offering a diverse editorial product to accompany its listings and television, radio and film recommendations.
|Wikidata has the property:
In December 2012, the BBC completed a digitisation exercise, scanning the listings of all BBC programmes from an entire run of about 4,500 copies of the magazine from 1923 (the first issue) to 2009, the BBC Genome Project, with a view to creating an online database of its programme output. They identified around five million programmes, involving 8.5 million actors, presenters, writers and technical staff. BBC Genome was released for public use on 15 October 2014. Corrections to OCR errors and changes to advertised schedules are being crowdsourced.
- Tony Currie, The 'Radio Times' Story (2001. Kelly Publications) ISBN 1-903053-09-9
- David Driver, The Art of 'Radio Times': The First Sixty Years (1981)
- Martin Baker, Art of Radio Times: A Golden Age of British Illustration ISBN 978-1854441713
- ^ It replaces the national and regional programmes on 1 September 1939 during the outbreak of the Second World War, and remained on air until 30 September 1967 as the station became BBC Radio 4.
- ^ Television becomes available in Wales following the switching on from the Wenvoe transmitting station.
- ^ Television becomes available in Northern Ireland on 1 May 1953 although initially from a temporary transmitter at Glencairn, brought into service in time for the Coronation of Elizabeth II.
- ^ Renamed BBC TV on 8 October 1960 and later became BBC One on 20 April 1964.
- ^ All these strands including the Third Programme, kept their separate identities (such as music, sports coverage and education) within BBC Radio 3 until 4 April 1970, when there was a further reorganisation following the introduction of the structural changes which had been outlined in the BBC document Broadcasting in the Seventies on 10 July 1969.
- ^ The English administrative counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, the three ridings of Yorkshire and the three parts of Lincolnshire were abolished and replaced by the new counties of Cumbria, North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, Humberside and a single Lincolnshire during the actual 1974 re-organisation.
- ^ Also known as TVTimes Magazine from 3 October 1981; rebranded back to its original TVTimes name on 6 October 1984.
- ^ The BBC expects copies of the magazine will be available in Scotland, Northern Ireland and North of England on 16 April 1983, following the print workers in East Kilbride and near Bristol have returned to work.
- ^ In earlier years, the BBC television listings were given phrases such as "a film series" used for imported programmes and "the feature film" was completely dropped from 1 September 1984.
- ^ Named after the American magazine of the same name, which devoted to celebrities, television reviews and video releases. It became a monthly magazine from 1991, and it was later absorbed by Satellite TV Europe magazine in 1992.
- ^ Between 1991 and 1993, Radio Times had several satellite and cable television channels have ceased broadcasting that includes The Power Station on 8 April 1991, The Comedy Channel on 30 September 1992, and Lifestyle on 24 January 1993.
- ^ Replaced by Sky Sports on 20 April 1991.
- ^ There is no edition of Radio Times in the Channel Islands as their listings were contained within the South West region, but Channel Television published its own listings magazine, the CTV Times (formerly Channel Viewer) until 25 October 1991.
- ^ On 19 December 1992, the two adults-only services (Home Video Channel and The Adult Channel) as unsuitable.
- ^ Absorbed by Eurosport from 1 March 1993.
- ^ The double-page spread of satellite and cable television listings section which is similar to various layouts from 5 September 1992 to 13 April 2001.
- "ABC Certificates and Reports: Radio Times". Audit Bureau of Circulations. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- Currie, Tony (2001). The Radio Times Story. Kelly Publishing. ISBN 978-1903053096.
- "The history of Radio Times". Radio Times.
- Sweney, Mark (16 August 2011). "BBC Worldwide agrees £121m magazine sell-off". The Guardian.
- Preston, Peter (11 March 2012). "What price the Radio Times? Only private equity can tell us". The Guardian.
- Chapman, Matthew (11 April 2012). "Radio Times hires Hello! ad director". Media Week.
- "German media group buys Radio Times". 12 January 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- "Issue 1 - 28 September 1923 - BBC Genome". Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- The BBC Story, 1920s
- Lord Pease (28 September 1923). "My message to "Listeners"". Radio Times. No. 1. p. 18.
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- "Issue 682". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- "Issue 693". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- Carmody, Robin (July 2000). "THE GOOD NEW TIMES ... THE BRADSHAW OF BROADCASTING: 1980s – 2000". Off the Telly. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008.
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- Conlan, Tara (8 August 2005). "For viewers of quality ..." The Guardian. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
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- "Tom Loxley and Shem Law named joint editors of Radio Times". Immediate Media Co. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
- Radio Times coverage of the 2012 event, 18 January 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012
- Radio Times – Doctor Who covers
- "Doctor Who – The greatest magazine cover of all time". Radio Times. BBC Magazines. Archived from the original on 24 May 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
- Martin, Nicole (29 September 2008). "Vote Dalek image voted best magazine cover of all time". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
- Briggs, Asa (1995). The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: Volume IV: Sound and Vision. OUP. ISBN 978-0-19-212967-3.
- "Radio Times ANNUAL 1956". Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- Kelion, Leo. "BBC finishes Radio Times archive digitisation effort". BBC. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Bishop, Hilary. "Genome – Radio Times archive now live". BBC. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Sweney, Mark (16 October 2014). "BBC digitises Radio Times back issues". The Guardian.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Radio Times.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Official website
- BBC – History of the Radio Times
- Radio programme about cover art with gallery
- A selection of Vintage Radio Times covers
- BBC Genome - Radio Times listings from 1923 to 2009