After the death of his father, Malichus II, ar-Rabil still a child, ascended to the throne. His mother, Shaqilath II, assumed control of the government in the early years. His sister Gamilath became queen of the Nabataeans. Ar-Rabil gave himself the Greek title "Soter", meaning "Savior", or "the one who has given life and deliverance to his people".
After his death in 106, the Roman emperor Trajan faced practically no resistance and conquered the kingdom on 22 March 106. It became the Roman province of Arabia Petraea, with Bosra becoming its provincial capital.
- Taylor (2001), pp.73-74
- Schürer, Emil; Millar, Fergus; Vermes, Geza (26 March 2015). The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ:. Bloomsbury Academic. p. 583. ISBN 978-0-567-50161-5.
- Richard, Suzanne (2003). Near Eastern Archaeology: A Reader. Eisenbrauns. p. 435. ISBN 978-1-57506-083-5.
- Taylor, Jane: Petra And the Lost Kingdom of the Nabataeans. I. B. Tauris 2001, ISBN 1860645089, p. 73-74 (online copy, p. 73, at Google Books)
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