|Type||Intercontinental Ballistic Missile|
|Place of origin||Russia|
|In service||July 2010–present|
|Used by||Russian Strategic Missile Troops|
|Designer||Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology|
|Manufacturer||Votkinsk Machine Building Plant|
|Warhead||At least 3-4 MIRVs with 300—500 kiloton, 6 with 150 kiloton warheads|
|Engine||solid (third or fourth stage can be liquid)|
|11,000 km (6,800 mi)-12,000 km (7,500 mi)|
|Speed||over Mach 20 (24,500 km/h; 15,220 mph; 6,806 m/s)|
|Inertial with Glonass|
|Silo, road-mobile TEL MZKT-79221|
The RS-24 Yars (RS - ракета стратегическая (strategic missile)) - modification 24)  also known as RT-24 Yars or Topol'-MR (Russian: PC-24 «Ярс», NATO reporting name: SS-29[dubious ] or SS-27 Mod 2) is a Russian MIRV-equipped, thermonuclear armed intercontinental ballistic missile first tested on May 29, 2007, after a secret military R&D project, to replace the older R-36 and UR-100N that have been in use for nearly 50 years.
START Treaty prohibited increasing the number of warheads attributed to ICBMs, so Russia claimed the RS-24 was a completely new ICBM to justify the designation SS-29 instead of SS-27 Mod 2, to circumvent treaty prohibition. The US National Air and Space Intelligence Center NASIC always believed that Yars was just a Topol M in violation of the START Treaty, something that is reflected in both the Mod 2 designation and the illustrations showing the SS-27 Mod 1 and Mod 2 to be identical.
It is essentially the same missile as the Mod 1 version Topol-M except the payload “bus” has been modified to carry multiple independently targetable warheads (MIRV). Each missile is thought to be able to carry up to 4 warheads, although there is uncertainty about what the maximum capacity is (but it is not 10 warheads, as often claimed in Russian news media).
RS-24 is a missile that is heavier than the current SS-27 Mod 1 (Topol-M), and which some reports say can carry up to 10 independently targetable warheads. The 2007 tests were publicized as a response to the missile shield that the United States were planning to deploy in Europe. RS-24 has been deployed operationally since 2010, with more than 50 launchers operational as of June 2017.
Yars does not appear to be a Russian word but the Slavic root яр (yar) is present, being a bank or steep ravine, consistent with the nomenclature of another newly fielded Russian missile, the RS-26 Rubezh (РС-26 Рубеж) meaning a boundary or outer limit. According to Sergey Karakaev, commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, Yars is an acronym for "Yadernaya Raketa Sderzhivaniya" (Russian: Ядерная ракета сдерживания), meaning "Nuclear Deterrence Rocket".
Asserted by the Russian government as being designed to defeat present and potential anti-missile systems, the ICBM was first tested by a launch from a mobile launcher at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northwestern Russia at 11:20 GMT, May 29, 2007, and its test warheads landed on target about 5,750 km (3,573 mi) away at the Kura Test Range in Far Eastern Kamchatka Peninsula.
The second launch from Plesetsk to the Kura Test Range was conducted on December 25, 2007, at 13:10 GMT. It successfully reached its destination. The third successful launch from the Plesetsk space center in northwest Russia was conducted on November 26, 2008, at 13:20 GMT. The missile's multiple re-entry vehicles successfully landed on targets on the Kura testing range.
Neither the development nor deployment of RS-24 is likely to be threatened by the enforcement of the New START treaty. It was again tested on December 24, 2013, from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northwest Russia. On December 26, 2014, the Strategic Forces conducted a successful launch of a RS-24 Yars missile. The missile was launched from a mobile launcher deployed at the Plesetsk test site. Missile warheads were reported to have successfully reached their targets at the Kura test site in Kamchatka. The launch, which was performed with support of the Air and Space Defense Forces, took place at 11:02 MSK (08:02 UTC).
In June the chief designer of the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology, Yuri Solomonov, announced that the RS-24 is an enhanced, MIRVed development of the Topol-M missile that would finish all testing in 2008 and most likely be deployed in 2009. According to General Nikolai Solovtsov, the commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces (SRF), the first RS-24 missiles will be deployed in Teykovo in 2009.
On March 17, 2009, General Solovtsov announced that the first regiment of RS-24 ICBMs will be put into service in December 2009 when START-1 is set to expire. He later repeated that statement on May 7. According to the Russian rocket forces the first six RS-24 missiles will be mobile.
Further on October 10, 2009, on ITAR-TASS, General Andrei Shvaichenko, the new SRF commander, confirmed the December 2009 deployment of the RS-24 which will support the existing RT-2PM2 Topol-M (RS-12М2) missile complex.
Testing for the new-generation ICBM was completed in mid-July 2010, and the first missiles were deployed shortly after on July 19.
In December 2010 the 54th Guards Rocket Division in Teykovo received its second delivery of RS-24 missile systems. In total 6 missiles were deployed by the end of 2010. 3 more mobile missile systems were deployed in July 2011 and then the first regiment was operational. In December 2011 first division of second regiment with 3 missiles was put on combat duty and second division will be deployed by 2011 year end. On August 16, 2012, Strategic Missile Forces (SMF) spokesman Col. Vadim Koval reported that a second regiment of the 54th Guards Rocket Division in Teikovo, central Russia will be fully equipped with Yars mobile ballistic missile systems in 2012.
Russia fully deployed the first Yars regiment consisting of three battalions in August 2011, and put two battalions of the second regiment on combat duty on December 27, 2011. The deployment of the third battalion of the second regiment completed the rearming of the Teikovo division with Yars systems. The two regiments consist of a total of 18 missile systems and several mobile command posts. Two more missile divisions will start receiving the Yars systems in 2013.
The 39th Guards Rocket Division, at Paskino, Novosibirsk Oblast, in Siberia, will receive mobile Yars systems, while the 28th Guards Rocket Division at Kozelsk (in central Russia) will be armed with the silo-based version of the system. The Strategic Missile Troops said that the Topol-M and RS-24 ballistic missiles would be the mainstay of the ground-based component of Russia's nuclear triad and would account for no less than 80% of the SMF's arsenal by 2016.
Three missile regiments of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces have been rearmed with the Yars systems in 2014.
On 18 October 2019, Col. Alexander Prokopenkov, commander of the 35th Rocket Division, stated that the new "Yars-S" missile systems will enter combat duty in the city of Barnaul in November. Technical characteristics of the new missile system have not been disclosed. Previously "Yars-S" have entered combat duty in Yoshkar-Ola.  Until 2021, three more regiments of the Strategic Missile Forces will be rearmed with the modernized complex.
According to Sergey Karakaev, commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, as of November 2019, there were "more than 150" launchers of the "Yars" complex (silo and mobile-based) in operation. Regiments in Yoshkar-Ola, Teykovo, Nizhny Tagil and Novosibirsk have been fully rearmed with the TEL version of "Yars" and rearmament of the Irkutsk missile regiments is to be complete until the end of 2019. According to Karakaev, RVSN receives "around 20" "Yars" complexes per year.
- 14th Rocket Division at Yoshkar-Ola
- 39th Guards Rocket Division at Novosibirsk
- 42nd Rocket Division at Nizhny Tagil
- 54th Guards Rocket Division at Teykovo
- 29th Guards Rocket Division at Irkutsk
- 35th Rocket Division at Barnaul
- Strategic Missile Troops
- RS-26 Rubezh
- RS-28 Sarmat
- R-36 (missile)
- RT-2PM Topol
- RT-2PM2 Topol-M
- LGM-30 Minuteman
- CSIS Missile Threat - SS-29 (RS-24 "Yars")
- John Pike. "RS-24 / SS-X-29?". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Administrator. "RS-24 Yars nuclear intercontinental ballistic missile MZKT-79221 technical data sheet specifications - Russia Russian missile system vehicle UK - Russia Russian army military equipment vehicles UK". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Russia successfully tests latest 'YARS' intercontinental ballistic missile". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Today, Military. "Yars Intercontinental ballistic missile". Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Bilyana Lilly (21 August 2014). Russian Foreign Policy toward Missile Defense: Actors, Motivations, and Influence. Lexington Books. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-7391-8385-4.
- "Russia's fastest missile passes test". RussiaToday. Archived from the original on 2012-06-13. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- "Russian Official Boasts of New ICBM". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2007-06-02. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- Sweeney, Conor (November 28, 2008). "Russia seeks new missiles due to U.S. shield plans". Reuters. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- Luke Harding (2007-05-30). "Russian missile test adds to arms race fears". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
- "Russian missile test new warning over US shield". Gulf Times. May 31, 2007. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
- Военная приемка. Ярс. Ядерная ракета сдерживания. Часть 1 (in Russian), tvzvezda.ru, retrieved 1 December 2019
- New missile can beat any defence system Archived 2009-12-30 at the Wayback Machine, RussiaToday, 2008-11-26
- "BBC NEWS - Europe - Russia blames US in missile row". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Russia hits target in ICBM debut test". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- "Russia Tested Satan Successor". Kommersant. Archived from the original on 2007-06-01. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- "BBC NEWS - Europe - Russia tests long-range missile". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Russia test launches new RS-24 ICBM". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2007-12-25.
- "Russia successfully tests intercontinental missile: Space War report".
- "New Start won't keep Russia from developing Bulava missiles – deputy PM | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2011-02-05. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- "Russia Test Fires New Yars Ballistic Missile". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "RS-24 launch from Plesetsk". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "ВПК". Vpk-news.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04.[permanent dead link]
- Sputnik (26 November 2008). "Russia test-launches new-generation RS-24 ballistic missile". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Russia to put regiment of RS-24 missiles into service in Dec. | Russia | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- "Russia to deploy regiment of RS-24 ballistic missiles in late 2009 | Russia | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- Армс-Тасс. Армс-Тасс (in Russian). Armstass.su. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- "нПСФХЕ: аНЕБНИ ЯНЯРЮБ пЮЙЕРМШУ БНИЯЙ Н��МНБЪР МЮ 80 ОПНЖЕМРНБ". Lenta.ru. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- "Вести.Ru: На вооружение РВСН поступил дивизион новых ракет". Vesti.ru. 2010-07-19. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- "ВЗГЛЯД / Ракеты лучше, полков меньше". Vz.ru. 2010-12-17. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- Deployment of the first full regiment of RS-24 is completed. "Deployment of the first full regiment of RS-24 is completed – Blog – Russian strategic nuclear forces". Russianforces.org. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- Фото: пресс-служба Минобороны России. "Второй дивизион "Ярсов" заступит на дежурство в Ивановской области | Оборона и безопасность | Лента новостей "РИА Новости"". Ria.ru. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
- "В РВСН завершилось перевооружение Тейковского соединения на ракетные комплексы 5-го поколения "Тополь-М" и "Ярс"". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Russia to Put More RS-24 Missiles on Combat Duty in 2012". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "ТАСС: Армия и ОПК - Шойгу: оснащенность Российской армии современным оружием и техникой за год выросла на 7%". ТАСС. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "New Yars-S Missile Systems To Enter Combat Duty In Russia's Barnaul In November". Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- "Три полка РВСН перевооружат на комплексы "Ярс-С" до 2021 года" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 18 October 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- "В РВСН заявили, что ракеты РФ "Ярс" невозможно перехватить существующими средствами ПРО" (in Russian). TASS. 29 November 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
- "РВСН полу��ают около 20 стратегических комплексов "Ярс" в год - командующий" (in Russian). Interfax. 29 November 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
- Kristensen, Hans M.; Korda, Matt (4 March 2019). "Russian nuclear forces, 2019". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 75 (2): 73–84. doi:10.1080/00963402.2019.1580891.
- "Strategic Rocket Forces". russianforces.org. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RS-24 Yars.|