|Directed by||Ang Lee|
|Produced by||Hsu Li-kong|
Emily Yi-ming Liu
|Written by||Ang Lee |
|Music by||Tai-An Hsu|
|Edited by||Ang Lee|
|Distributed by||Cinépix Film Properties|
Pushing Hands (Chinese: 推手; pinyin: tuī shǒu) is a film directed by Ang Lee. Released in 1991, it was his first feature film. Together with Ang Lee's two following films, The Wedding Banquet (1993) and Eat Drink Man Woman (1994), it forms his "Father Knows Best" trilogy, each of which deals with conflicts between an older and more traditional generation and their children as they confront a world of change.
The story is about an elderly Chinese Taiji Quan teacher and grandfather who emigrates from Beijing to live with his son, American daughter-in-law, and grandson in a New York City suburb. The grandfather is increasingly distanced from the family as a "fish out of water" in Western culture. The film shows the contrast between traditional Chinese ideas of Confucian relationships within a family and the much more informal Western emphasis on the individual. The friction in the family caused by these differing expectations eventually leads to the grandfather moving out of the family home (something very alien to traditional expectations), and in the process he learns lessons (some comical, some poignant) about how he must adapt to his new surroundings before he comes to terms with his new life.
The title of the film refers to the [pushing hands] training that is part of the grandfather's t'ai chi routine. Pushing hands is a two-person training which teaches Taiji students to yield in the face of brute force. Taiji Quan teachers were persecuted in China during the Cultural Revolution, and the grandfather's family was broken up as a result. He sent his son to the West several years earlier and when he could he came to live with his family with the expectation of picking up where they left off, but he was unprepared for the very different atmosphere of the West. "Pushing Hands" thereby alludes to the process of adaptation to culture shock felt by a traditional teacher in moving to the United States.
- Alex Chu (T: 朱曉生, S: 朱晓生, P: Zhū Xiǎoshēng) - Bo Z. Wang (C: 王伯昭, P: Wáng Bózhāo)
- Mr. Chu (C: 朱老, P: Zhū-lǎo) - Sihung Lung
- Martha Chu (T: 瑪莎, S: 玛莎, P: Mǎshā) - Deb Snyder
- Martha is Alex's European American wife. Martha, who does not speak or understand Chinese, has conflicts with Mr. Chu being in the household since she cannot participate within her own family when he speaks Chinese. Martha asks Alex to borrow money from her mother so he could buy a larger house that could accommodate his Chinese aspects separately. Alex refuses to do so, frustrating Martha.
- Jeremy Chu (C: 吉米, P: Jímǐ) - Haan Lee (C: 李 涵, P: Lǐ Hán)
- Linda (T: 琳達, C: 琳达, P: Líndá) - Fanny De Luz
- Mrs. Chen (T: 陳太太, S: 陈太太, P: Chén-tàitai) - Wang Lai (T: 王 萊, S: 王 莱, P: Wáng Lái)
- Mrs. Chen is a widow who is a cooking instructor at the area Chinese Community Center. Mr. Chu befriends her and goes on a picnic with her family and Alex, but without Martha. Wei Ming Dariotis and Eileen Fung, authors of "Breaking the Soy Sauce Jar: Diaspora and Displacement in the Films of Ang Lee", wrote that it seems like, with the absence of Martha, there is no tension. The groups go hiking, but the elderly lag behind. Mrs. Chen then has a breakdown and admits to the elder Mr. Chu that her daughter does not want her to be around anymore.
- Dariotis, Wei Ming and Eileen Fung. "Breaking the Soy Sauce Jar: Diaspora and Displacement in the Films of Ang Lee." in: Lu, Sheldon Hsiao-peng (Xiaopeng) (editor). Transnational Chinese Cinemas: Identity, Nationhood, Gender. University of Hawaii Press, January 1, 1997. ISBN 0824818458, 9780824818456.