|Puerto Rican parakeet|
Aratinga chloroptera maugei
The bird was similar to the Hispaniolan parakeet, and prior its extinction, it was for a time considered a subspecies. Its feathers were a duller green, and the red markings on the wing were more extensive.
The Puerto Rican parakeet was a very gregarious bird, noted for its loud, continuous calling. While the bird was normally cautious, avoiding contact with humans, this lessened while feeding. As the bird often fed in farmers' field upon crops such as maize, this contributed to its widespread hunting.
The last bird was seen in 1882, by W. W. Brown, who collected the specimen which now resides at the Field Museum in Chicago. The date of extinction is not well recorded. It was referred to as still being extant in 1905, but reported as extinct in 1950. Hunting by humans is believed to be the primary cause of extinction. It was noted by James Bond that the bird was seemingly unafraid of gunshots, making it particularly vulnerable to hunting. Bond attributed the bird's extinction to the large number of pigeon hunters who travelled to Mona Island. Deforestation of the island may also have played a role.
Three specimens of the bird still exist. Beyond the one in the Field Museum, the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum in Leiden and the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris each possess one skin. Although it is believed the species may also have existed on Puerto Rico, all the existing specimens were collected from Mona Island. The specimen in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle is the type specimen.
- Fauna of Puerto Rico
- List of birds of Puerto Rico
- List of endemic fauna of Puerto Rico
- List of Puerto Rican birds
- List of Vieques birds
- El Toro Wilderness
- "Psittacara chloropterus (Hispaniolan Conure, Hispaniolan Parakeet)". www.iucnredlist.org.
- Day, David (1989). The Encyclopedia of Vanished Species. Hong Kong: Mclaren Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-947889-30-2.
- Olson, S. L. (2015). "History, morphology, and fossil record of the extinct Puerto Rican Parakeet Psittacara maugei Souancé". The Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 127: 1–12. doi:10.1676/14-020.1.
- "Puerto Rico Parakeet". Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum. Archived from the original on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- Charles Arthur Woods, Florence Etienne Sergile (2001). Biogeography of the West Indies: Patterns and Perspectives. CRC Press. p. 182. ISBN 0-8493-2001-1.
- Bond, James (May 15, 1946). "The birds of Mona Island". Notulae Naturae. Philadelphia Academy of Sciences (176). ISBN 1-60483-176-6.