|Provinces of Afghanistan|
|Also known as:|
|Location||Islamic Republic of Afghanistan|
|Populations||147,964 (Nimruz) – 4,372,977 (Kabul)|
|Areas||1,840 km2 (711 sq mi) (Kapisa) – 58,580 km2 (22,619 sq mi) (Helmand)|
|Government||Provincial government, National government|
Afghanistan is made up of 34 provinces (ولايت, wilåyat). The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions. Each province encompasses a number of districts or usually over 1,000 villages.
Provincial governments are led by a governor who is appointed by the President of Afghanistan. Each province is represented in the government of Afghanistan by two members in the House of Elders. One is elected by the provincial council to a four-year term while the second is elected by the district councils to a three-year term. Representation in the House of the People is directly from the districts, although in each province, two or more of the representatives must be women. They are appointed by the President of Afghanistan.
Provincial governors have played a critical role in the reconstruction of the Afghan state following the creation of the new government under Hamid Karzai. According to international security scholar, Dipali Mukhopadhyay, many of the provincial governors are former warlords who have been incorporated into the political system.
Provinces of Afghanistan
|Province||Map #||ISO 3166-2:AF||Centers||Population (2015)||Area (km²)||# Districts||U.N. Region|
|Badakhshan||30||AF-BDS||Fayzabad||950,953||44,059||29||North East Afghanistan|
|Badghis||4||AF-BDG||Qala i Naw||495,958||20,591||7||West Afghanistan|
|Baghlan||19||AF-BGL||Puli Khumri||910,784||21,118||16||North East Afghanistan|
|Balkh||13||AF-BAL||Mazar-i-Sharif||1,325,659||17,249||15||North West Afghanistan|
|Daykundi||10||AF-DAY||Nili||507,339||18,088||8||South West Afghanistan|
|Faryab||5||AF-FYB||Maymana||998,147||20,293||14||North West Afghanistan|
|Ghazni||16||AF-GHA||Ghazni||1,228,831||22,915||19||South East Afghanistan|
|Helmand||7||AF-HEL||Lashkargah||924,711||58,584||13||South West Afghanistan|
|Jowzjan||8||AF-JOW||Sheberghan||540,255||11,798||9||North West Afghanistan|
|Kandahar||12||AF-KAN||Kandahar||1,226,593||54,022||16||South East Afghanistan|
|Khost||26||AF-KHO||Khost||574,582||4,152||13||South East Afghanistan|
|Kunar||34||AF-KNR||Asadabad||450,652||4,942||15||North East Afghanistan|
|Kunduz||18||AF-KDZ||Kunduz||1,010,037||8,040||7||North East Afghanistan|
|Nimruz||3||AF-NIM||Zaranj||164,978||41,005||5||South West Afghanistan|
|Nuristan||31||AF-NUR||Parun||147,967||9,225||7||North East Afghanistan|
|Paktia||24||AF-PIA||Gardez||551,987||6,432||11||South East Afghanistan|
|Paktika||25||AF-PKA||Sharana||434,742||19,482||15||South East Afghanistan|
|Panjshir||28||AF-PAN||Bazarak||371,902||3,610||7||North East Afghanistan|
|Samangan||14||AF-SAM||Samangan||387,928||11,262||5||North West Afghanistan|
|Sar-e Pol||9||AF-SAR||Sar-e Pol||559,577||16,360||7||North West Afghanistan|
|Takhar||27||AF-TAK||Taloqan||983,336||12,333||16||North East Afghanistan|
|Wardak||21||AF-WAR||Maidan Shar||596,287||9,934||9||Central Afghanistan|
|Zabul||17||AF-ZAB||Qalat||304,126||17,343||9||South East Afghanistan|
Former Provinces of Afghanistan
- Southern Province - dissolved in 1964 to create the province of Paktia.
- Afghan Turkestan Province - dissolved somewhere between 1929 and 1946.
- Qataghan-Badakhshan Province - dissolved in 1963 into Badakhshan Province and Qataghan Province, the latter of which was also dissolved that same year.
- Qataghan Province - dissolved in 1963 into Baghlan Province, Kunduz Province, and Takhar Province.
- Eastern Province - dissolved in 1964 to create Nangarhar Province.
- Farah-Chakansur Province - dissolved in 1964 into Farah Province and Nimroz Province.
- Mazar-i-Sharif Province - dissolved in 1964 into Balkh Province and Jowzjan Province.
- Meymaneh Province - dissolved in 1964 into Badghis Province and Faryab Province.
- Ahmed, Azam (8 December 2012). "For Afghan Officials, Facing Prospect of Death Is in the Job Description". New York Times. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Mukhopadhyay, Dipali. Building a Theory of Strongman Governance in Afghanistan. p. 43. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139161817.001.
- References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual provincial articles.
- ISO 3166-2:AF (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Afghanistan)
- Afghanistan at GeoHive
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Provinces of Afghanistan.|
- [permanent dead link] Afghanistan Information Management Services (AIMS)
- Provincial Governors
- Afghanistan Provinces Map
- Xavier de Planhol, 2000, GEOGRAPHY i. Evolution of geographical knowledge: Development of geographical knowledge about Afghanistan., Encyclopædia Iranica.