|Princess Royal (more)|
The Princess Royal, October 2015
|Born||Princess Anne of Edinburgh|
15 August 1950
Clarence House, London, England
|Father||Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh|
Anne, Princess Royal,  (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise; born 15 August 1950) is the second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of her birth, she was third in the line of succession to the British throne, behind her mother – then Princess Elizabeth – and older brother, Charles. She rose to second after her mother's accession but is 14th in line as of August 2019[update].[b]
Anne is known for her charitable work and is a patron of over 200 organisations. She is also known for her equestrian talents; she won two silver medals (1975) and one gold medal (1971) at the European Eventing Championships, and she is the first member of the British royal family to have competed in the Olympic Games. Princess Anne has held the title of Princess Royal since 1987 and is its seventh holder.
Anne was married to Captain Mark Phillips in 1973; they separated in 1989 and divorced in 1992. They have two children and four grandchildren. In 1992, within months of her divorce, Anne married Commander (now Vice Admiral) Sir Timothy Laurence, whom she had met while he served as her mother's equerry between 1986 and 1989. Since 2012, she has held the rank of Admiral and Chief Commandant of Women in the Royal Navy.
Early life and education
Anne was born during the reign of her maternal grandfather, George VI, at Clarence House on 15 August 1950 at 11:50 am, as the second child and only daughter of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. A 21-gun salute in Hyde Park signalled the birth. Anne was baptised in the Music Room of Buckingham Palace on 21 October 1950, by Archbishop of York, Cyril Garbett.[c]
A governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed to look after Anne and was responsible for her early education at Buckingham Palace; Peebles also served as early governess for Anne's older brother, Charles. After the death of George VI, Anne's mother ascended the throne as Queen Elizabeth II. Given her young age at the time, Anne did not attend the coronation.
A Girl Guides company, the 1st Buckingham Palace Company to include the Holy Trinity Brompton Brownie pack, was re-formed in May 1959, specifically so that, as her mother and aunt had done as children, Anne could socialise with girls her own age. The Company was active until 1963, when Anne went to boarding school. Anne enrolled at Benenden School in 1963. In 1968, she left school with six GCE O-Levels and two A-Levels.
In the next couple of years, Anne started dating. In 1970, her first boyfriend was Andrew Parker Bowles, who later married Camilla Shand. (Shand much later married Anne's brother Prince Charles as his second wife.)
Anne first met her future husband Mark Phillips at a party in 1968 for equestrians and horse enthusiasts. Their engagement was announced on 29 May 1973. On 14 November 1973, Anne married Phillips, a lieutenant in the 1st Queen's Dragoon Guards, at Westminster Abbey in a ceremony that was televised around the world, with an estimated audience of 100 million. Following the wedding, Anne and her husband lived at Gatcombe Park. He was made acting captain by the start of 1974 when he was appointed a personal aide-de-camp to Queen Elizabeth II.
As was customary for untitled men marrying into the royal family, Phillips was offered an earldom. He declined this offer, and consequently their children were born without courtesy titles. The couple would have two children, Peter (born 1977) and Zara Phillips (born 1981).
On 31 August 1989, Anne and Phillips announced their intention to separate, as the marriage had been under strain for a number of years. The couple had been rarely seen in public together, and both were romantically linked with other people. They continued to share the custody of their children, and initially announced that "there were no plans for divorce." They eventually divorced on 23 April 1992. Anne and Phillips have four grandchildren.
As Princess Anne and Mark Phillips were returning to Buckingham Palace on 20 March 1974, from a charity event on Pall Mall, their Princess IV car was forced to stop on the Mall by a Ford Escort. The driver of the Escort, Ian Ball, jumped out and began firing a pistol. Inspector James Beaton, Anne's personal police officer, responded by exiting the car in order to shield her and to attempt to disarm Ball. However, Beaton's firearm, a Walther PPK, jammed, and he was shot by the assailant, as was Anne's chauffeur, Alex Callender, when he tried to disarm Ball. Brian McConnell, a nearby tabloid journalist, also intervened, and was shot in the chest. Ball approached Anne's car and told her that he intended to kidnap her and hold her for ransom, the sum given by varying sources as £2 million or £3 million, which he claimed he intended to give to the National Health Service. Ball told Anne to get out of the car, to which she replied: "Not bloody likely!", and reportedly briefly considered hitting Ball.
Eventually, she exited the other side of the limousine as had her lady-in-waiting, Rowena Brassey. A passing pedestrian, a former boxer named Ron Russell, punched Ball in the back of the head and led Anne away from the scene. At that point, Police Constable Michael Hills happened upon the situation; he too was shot by Ball, but he had already called for police backup. Detective Constable Peter Edmonds, who had been nearby, answered, gave chase, and finally arrested Ball.
Beaton, Hills, Callender, and McConnell were hospitalised, and all recovered from their wounds. For his defence of Princess Anne, Beaton was awarded the George Cross by the Queen, who was visiting Indonesia when the incident occurred; Hills and Russell were awarded the George Medal, and Callender, McConnell, and Edmonds were awarded the Queen's Gallantry Medal.
Anne visited Beaton in hospital and thanked him for his assistance. In 1984, the princess spoke about the event on Parkinson saying she was 'scrupulously polite' to her would-be kidnapper as she thought it would be 'silly to be too rude at that stage'.
Anne met Timothy Laurence while he was serving on the Royal Yacht Britannia. Their relationship developed in early 1989, three years after he was appointed as an equerry to the Queen. In 1989, the existence of private letters from Laurence to the Princess was revealed by The Sun newspaper.
Anne married Laurence, then a Commander in the Royal Navy, at Crathie Kirk, near Balmoral Castle, on 12 December 1992. Approximately 30 guests were invited for the private marriage service. The couple chose to marry in Scotland, as the Church of England did not at that time allow divorced persons whose former spouses were still living to remarry in its churches.
By contrast, the Church of Scotland does not consider marriage to be a sacrament, and thus not binding forever, and has no moral objection to the remarriage of divorced persons. Anne became the first royal divorcée to remarry since Victoria, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, married Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia in 1905. For the wedding ceremony, Anne wore a white jacket over a "demure, cropped-to-the-knee dress" and a spray of white flowers in her hair. Her engagement ring is made of "a cabochon sapphire flanked by three small diamonds on each side". Following the marriage service, the couple and guests headed to Craigowan Lodge for a private reception.
Laurence received no peerage, and the couple leased a flat in Dolphin Square, London. They later gave up this city home and now reside between an apartment at St James's Palace and Gatcombe Park. Anne has no children by Laurence.
|Representing United Kingdom|
|1971 Burghley||Individual eventing|
|1975 Luhmuhlen||Team eventing|
|1975 Luhmuhlen||Individual eventing|
At the age of 21, Anne won the individual title at the European Eventing Championship, and was voted the BBC Sports Personality of the Year in 1971. For more than five years, she also competed with the British eventing team, winning a silver medal in both individual and team disciplines in the 1975 European Eventing Championship, riding the home-bred Doublet. The following year, Anne participated in the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal as a member of the British team, riding the Queen's horse, Goodwill, in Eventing.
Anne assumed the Presidency of the Fédération Équestre Internationale from 1986 until 1994. On 5 February 1987, she became the first member of the royal family to appear as a contestant on a television quiz-show when she competed on the BBC panel game A Question of Sport.
Anne undertakes a number of duties and engagements on behalf of her mother, in support of her role as sovereign of the Commonwealth realms. Kevin S. MacLeod, the Canadian Secretary to the Queen, said of Anne in 2014: "Her credo is, 'Keep me busy. I'm here to work. I'm here to do good things. I'm here to meet as many people as possible'." It was revealed in December 2017 that the Princess Royal had undertaken the most official engagements that year out of all the royal family, her mother included.
Anne travels abroad on behalf of the United Kingdom up to three times a year. She began to undertake overseas visits upon leaving secondary school, and accompanied her parents on a state visit to Austria in the same year. Her first tour of Australia was with her parents in 1970, since which she has returned on numerous occasions to undertake official engagements as a colonel-in-chief of an Australian regiment, or to attend memorials and services, such as the National Memorial Service for victims of the Black Saturday bushfires in Melbourne, Australia, on 22 February 2009. In 1990 she was the first member of the royal family to make an official visit to the Soviet Union when she went there as a guest of President Mikhail Gorbachev and his government.
Following the retirement of the Queen Mother in 1981, Anne was elected by graduates of the University of London as that institution's Chancellor. Throughout May 1996, Anne served as Her Majesty's High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and held the post again in 2017. In 2007, she had the honour of being appointed by the Queen as Grand Master of the Royal Victorian Order, a position her grandmother had also held.
Anne is involved with over 200 charities and organisations in an official capacity. She works extensively for Save the Children, of which she has been president since 1970, and she initiated The Princess Royal Trust for Carers in 1991; her work for the charity takes her all over the world, including many poverty stricken African nations. Anne is the patron of Transaid, a charity founded by Save the Children and the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport which aims to provide safe and sustainable transport in developing countries. She is also the Royal Patron of WISE, an organisation that encourages young women to pursue careers in science, engineering and construction. Her extensive work for St. John Ambulance as Commandant-in-Chief of St. John Ambulance Cadets has helped to develop many young people, as she annually attends the Grand Prior Award Reception. She is Patron of St. Andrew's First Aid. She is a British representative in the International Olympic Committee as an administrator, and was a member of the London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. She was President of BAFTA from 1973 to 2001. She maintains a relationship with student sport and is the Patron of British Universities and Colleges Sport. She has been Patron of the Royal National Children's Foundation since 2002 and the industrial heritage museum, Aerospace Bristol, since 2016. In 1986 she was appointed Master of the Worshipful Company of Carmen.
She is also a Royal Fellow of the Royal Society and the Academy of Medical Sciences. Royal Fellows are members of the Monarchy who are recommended and elected by the Society's Council. The Royal Society has only five Royal Fellows, including the Princess Royal herself, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Kent, and the Duke of Cambridge. She is the Academy of Medical Sciences' first Royal Fellow.
Likewise, she accepted in 2011 the roles of President of City and Guilds of London Institute, Master of the Corporation of Trinity House and President of the Royal Society of Arts, also in succession to her father. She is also Patron of the Royal College of Occupational Therapists, Edinburgh University's Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Royal Holloway, University of London, International Students House, London, Acid Survivors Trust International, Townswomen's Guilds and Citizens Advice.
She represented Great Britain in the International Olympic Committee at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics in Russia. In August 2016, she returned to the country to visit the Russian city of Arkhangelsk for the 75th anniversary of Operation Dervish, which was one of the first Arctic convoys of World War II. In September 2016, the Princess suffered from chest infection and was required to cancel official engagements. In late October 2016, she visited the Malaysian state of Sarawak for a two-day study tour. In 2017, she became Prime Warden of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers and a Governor of Gresham's School.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 1950–1952: Her Royal Highness Princess Anne of Edinburgh
- 1952–1973: Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne
- 1973–1987: Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips
- 1987–present: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal
- 1969: Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
- 2009: Dame Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem (GCStJ)
- 1971–2009: Dame of Justice of the Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem (DJStJ)
- 1974: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) – (Grand Master from 20 April 2007)
- 23 April 1994: Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (KG)
- 30 November 2000: Extra Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle (KT)
- 2 June 1953: Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal
- 6 February 1977: Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
- 6 February 2002: Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 6 February 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- 1989: Canadian Forces Decoration (CD) with three clasps (1999, 2009, 2019)
- 1990: Extra Companion of the Queen's Service Order (QSO)
- 7 June 2005: Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
- 29 September 2005: Chief Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu (GCL)
- 1969: Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria
- 1969: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
- 1971: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown
- 1971: Commemorative Medal of the 2500th Anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire
- 1972: Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange
- 1972: Grand Cross of the Order of the Oak Crown
- 1972–1992: Member 1st Class of the Order of the Yugoslav Flag
- 2017: Order of Isabella the Catholic
- 2017: Grand Cross 2nd Class of the National Order of Madagascar
- 1986: Fellow of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (FRCVS)
- 1987: Royal Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)
- 1999: Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE)
- 2010: Royal Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng) 
- 2011: President of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA)
- 2012: Royal Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (FMedSci)
- 2017: Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (FRCS)
- 1986: Master, Worshipful Company of Carmen
- 1994: Master, Worshipful Company of Woolmen
- 1996, 2017: Lord High Commissioner, General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
- 2017: Prime Warden, Worshipful Company of Fishmongers
- 1981: University of London, Chancellor
- 2011: University of Edinburgh, Chancellor
- 2012: University of the Highlands and Islands, Chancellor
- 2013: Harper Adams University, Chancellor
- Honorary academic degrees
- 2004: University of Regina, Saskatchewan, Doctor of Laws (LLD)
- 2010: Memorial University of Newfoundland, Doctor of Laws (LLD)
- 2011: Cranfield University, Doctor of Science (DSc)
- 2020: University of Aberdeen, Doctor of Laws (LLD)
Honorary military appointments
As with other senior royals, Princess Anne holds a number of honorary appointments in the armed forces of several Commonwealth realms:
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Australian Corps of Signals
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Australian Corps of Transport
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Grey and Simcoe Foresters (11 June 1977 – present)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Canadian Hussars (11 November 2014 – present)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Communications and Electronics Branch (11 June 1977 – present)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Canadian Medical Service
- Colonel-in-Chief of The Royal Regina Rifles
- Colonel-in-Chief of Royal Newfoundland Regiment
- Commodore-in-Chief of the Royal Canadian Navy (Fleet Pacific) (2015 – present)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal New Zealand Army Nursing Corps
- Colonel-in-Chief of the King's Royal Hussars
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29/45 Foot)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Corps of Signals
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Logistic Corps
- Colonel-in-Chief the Royal Army Veterinary Corps
- Colonel of the Blues and Royals
- Royal Colonel of the Royal Scots Borderers, 1st Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland
- Royal Colonel of the 52nd Lowland, 6th Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland
- Royal Honorary Colonel of the University of London OTC
- Commandant-in-Chief of the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (Princess Royal's Volunteer Corps)
- Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Lyneham (relinquished 30 September 2011)
- Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Brize Norton (from 1 October 2011)
- Honorary Air Commodore of the University of London Air Squadron
- Admiral and Chief Commandant for Women in the Royal Navy
- Commodore-in-Chief of HMNB Portsmouth
Personal flag for Canada
Since 2013, the Princess Royal has a personal heraldic flag for use in Canada. It is the Royal Arms of Canada in banner form defaced with a blue roundel surrounded by a wreath of gold maple leaves, within which is a depiction of an "A" surmounted by a coronet. Above the roundel is a white label of three points, the centre one charged with a red heart and the other two with red crosses.
|Peter Phillips||15 November 1977||17 May 2008||Autumn Kelly||Savannah Phillips |
|Zara Phillips||15 May 1981||30 July 2011||Mike Tindall||Mia Tindall |
|Ancestors of Anne, Princess Royal|
In popular culture
- The attempted kidnapping of Princess Anne, on 20 March 1974, is the focus of the Granada Television produced docu-drama To Kidnap a Princess (2006) and inspired story lines in Tom Clancy's novel Patriot Games.
- In The Crown (season 3), Anne is portrayed by Erin Doherty.
- As a British princess, Anne does not usually use a maiden surname; but when one is needed, it is Mountbatten-Windsor.
- The Perth Agreement and the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 reformed the line of succession to the British throne to absolute primogeniture. However, this was applied only to those born after the Agreement, so neither the Princess Royal nor her descendants at the time were moved ahead in the line.
- Her godparents were the Queen (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; her maternal grandmother); the Princess Margarita, Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (her paternal aunt); Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark (her paternal grandmother); Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (her paternal great-uncle); and Andrew Elphinstone (her first cousin once removed).
- "The Royal Family name". Official website of the British monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
- "Knights of the Orders of Chivalry". Debretts. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
Although HRH The Princess Royal and HRH Princess Alexandra are both female they are actually included with the Royal Knights Companions, and they bear the post-nominal letters KG (not LG).
- "New appointments to the Order of the Thistle". Royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "The Canadian Forces Decoration" (PDF). Canadian Defence Force. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Senior European Championship Results". British Eventing Governing Body. Archived from the original on 11 December 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "No. 38995". The London Gazette. 16 August 1950. p. 4197.
- "1950: Princess gives birth to second child". BBC. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "- Person Page 1970". Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- Royal Christenings Archived 6 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine, uniserve.com; accessed 25 March 2016.
- "HRH The Princess Royal> Early Life and Education". Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
- "Royal Support for the Scouting and Guiding Movements". Official Website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 24 January 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
- "Princess Anne comforts Andrew Parker Bowles at funeral of his wife Rosemary". Hello!. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
Andrew is also a close friend of the Princess Anne, and dated her in 1970.
- Longworth, R. C. (1 September 1989). "Princess Anne To Separate From Husband". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Princess Anne's wedding". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- "Iconic weddings: Princess Anne and Mark Phillips". Hello!. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- "Princess Anne's Marriage - Events of 1973". UPI.com. 1973. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- As female-line descendants of royalty, the children have no title despite being the grandchildren of a monarch. (They are not the only children of a British princess without titles; the children of Princess Alexandra, the Queen's cousin, are also untitled.)
- "The Princess Royal". royal.uk. Archived from the original on 14 July 2017.
- "But No Divorce Is Planned : Princess Anne, Husband Split". Los Angeles Times. 31 August 1989. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Kaufman, Joanne; Cooper, Jonathan (24 April 1989). "A Crisis Rocks a Royal Marriage". People. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "1989: Royal couple to separate". BBC. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Rule, Sheila (1 September 1989). "Princess Anne and Husband Agree to Separate". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Brozan, Nadine (24 April 1992). "Chronicle". New York Times.
- Daily Express, 21 August 2006
- "On This Day > 20 March > 1974: Kidnap attempt on Princess Anne". BBC. 20 March 1974. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- Roy Greenslade (17 July 2004). "Obituary: Brian McConnell". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- "Princess foiled 1974 kidnap plot". BBC. 1 January 2005. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- Agence France-Presse (2 January 2005). "Kidnap the Princess? Not bloody likely!". The Age. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Royal Rewind - kidnap attempt on Princess Anne". The Crown Chronicles. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
- "No. 46354". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 September 1974. pp. 8013–8014.
- Proctor, Charlie (20 March 2019). "'Not bloody likely' – The attempted kidnapping of Princess Anne". royalcentral.
- "In Quiet Scottish Ceremony, Anne Marries Naval Officer". The New York Times. 13 December 1992. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "1992: Princess Royal remarries". BBC. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- Tuohy, William (13 December 1992). "Britain's Princess Anne Remarries : Wedding: Scottish ceremony brings a tiny bit of joy to a year that saw more than one royal marriage fail". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- In 2002, the Church of England did agree that divorced persons could remarry in church under certain circumstances, but the matter is left to the discretion of the parish priest.
- "Divorce". The Church of England. Archived from the original on 5 February 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Worship on the Web" (PDF). Church of Scotland. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Royal wedding dresses through the years". The Daily Telegraph. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Chang, Mahalia (27 November 2017). "A Very Thorough History Of British Royal Engagement Rings". Harper's Bazaar Australia. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- The Royal Residences – St. James's Palace – Royal Archived 9 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Searcey, Ian (22 July 2012). "Olympic archive: equestrian Princess Anne (1972)". Channel 4. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Corrigan, Peter (14 December 2003). "Bravo for Jonny but Beeb need new act". The Independent. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
- "This day in sport: Princess Anne". The Times. 5 November 2006. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "The Princess Royal and the Olympics". The Royal Family. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- About FEI – History Archived 16 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine, FEI official site; retrieved 21 February 2010.
- Davison, Janet (7 November 2014). "Princess Anne's Ottawa tour will honour 'everyday heroes'". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- Bannerman, Lucy (29 December 2017). "Princess Anne crowned busiest royal". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "Princess Anne Was the Hardest Working Member of the Royal Family This Year". Town & Country. 29 December 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "HRH The Princess Royal> Public Role". Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- "Bushfire memorial echoes grief and hope". 9News. 22 February 2009. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
- "Princess Anne visits Soviets". UPI.
- "Chancellor". University of London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "HRH the Princess Royal appointed High Commissioner to the General Assembly 2017". The Church of Scotland. 8 December 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Orders of Chivalry", College of St George. Archived from the original at the Internet Archive on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "Our Patron Princess Anne". Save the Children UK. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "The Princess Royal marks 25 years of the Carers Trust". The Royal Family. 10 February 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Who we are". Transaid. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
- WISE Patrons Archived 31 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine, wisecampaign.org.uk; accessed 25 March 2016.
- "The Princess Royal visits St John Ambulance's new HQ". BBC. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Pilmoor, Ellie (23 January 2018). "St John Ambulance volunteer from Gosport meets royal". Portsmouth News. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Trustees and Senior Staff". St Andrew's First Aid. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Royal seal for bin-lorry crash responders". Evening Times. 7 November 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "HRH the Princess Royal". Olympic. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "LOCOG Board". London2012.com. Archived from the original on 29 November 2011.
- "President and Vice Presidents". BAFTA. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
HRH Princess Anne, The Princess Royal, was named president from 1973, and remained in the post until 2000.
- "Court Circular February 17". The Times. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- Bassom, David (18 May 2017). "Our Royal Patron attends merger event". Royal National Children's Foundation. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "HRH Princess Anne". Boarding School Partnerships. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Royal Patron". Aerospace Bristol. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Worshipful Company of Carmen :: Fellowship :: Tradition and Custom". www.thecarmen.co.uk.
- "Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal Princess Anne KG KT GCVO GCStJ QSO GCL FRS Royal Fellow". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015.
- "Royal Fellows". The Academy of Medical Sciences. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Royal Fellows of the Royal Society". The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "New Chancellor Elected". ed.ac.uk. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
- "Princess Royal presents awards at Buckingham Palace". City Guilds. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Princess Anne: Master of Trinity House". Trinity Village. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- Moran, Olivia (1 November 2017). "Princess Anne visits Trinity House, RAF Benson and attends Equestrian Awards". The Crown Chronicles. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Our History". Royal College of Occupational Therapists. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "The Chancellor". The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Governance". Royal Holloway, University of London. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "HRH The Princess Royal opens the new Emily Wilding Davison Building at Royal Holloway". Royal Holloway, University of London. 18 October 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "London: International Students House". Foreign Students. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
Our current patron is HRH The Princess Royal.
- Howard, Victoria (26 June 2017). "Royal diary: latest engagements 26th June – 1st July". The Crown Chronicles. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
Princess Anne will attend a Reception at 229 Great Portland Street, as patron of International Students House.
- Mahmood, Asif (17 March 2011). "Princess Anne hails Pak efforts against acid violence". The Nation. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "HRH The Princess Royal visits Chichester Cathedral for the Townwomen's Guilds Carol Service". The Official Chichester Cathedral. 6 December 2016. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Our Patron". www.citizensadvice.org.uk.
- "The Princess Royal heads to Sochi Games". 3 February 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Britain's Princess Anne To Visit Arkhangelsk For WWII Commemoration". www.rferl.org.
- "Princess Anne has tests in hospital after feeling unwell". BBC. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Britain's Princess Anne arrives for two-day study tour". Bernama. The Borneo Post. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "Princess Anne Visits Holt As She is Announced as Gresham's Govenor [sic]". 4 July 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- As the child of a daughter of the monarch, Anne would not usually have been accorded the title of princess or the style Royal Highness. However, on 22 October 1948, letters patent were issued granting these to any children of Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip.
- Davies, Nicholas (2013). Elizabeth II: Behind Palace Doors. Random House. ISBN 9781780578279.
Until Elizabeth gave her the title, Anne's correct form of address had been a mouthful, 'Her Royal Highness the Princess Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips'.
- "Princess Anne's colourful royal career". BBC. 21 November 2002.
- "No. 59053". The London Gazette. 5 May 2009. p. 7604.
- "No. 45290". The London Gazette. 28 January 1971. p. 967.
- "Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "No. 58306". The London Gazette. 20 April 2007.
- "The Princess Royal: Honours". Royal Household. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- Brian, Hoey (2003). At home with the Queen : life through the keyhole of the Royal household. London: HarperCollins. p. 172. ISBN 0007126190. OCLC 52395779.
- "New appointments to the Order of the Thistle". The Royal Family. 30 November 2003.
- Jackson, Michael (2007). Honours of the Crown. The Monarchist League of Canada. Archived from the original on 21 December 2007.
- "Papua New Guinea visit". 2005. Archived from the original on 24 December 2007.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 275. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- "Grand State Banquet". Archived from the original on 2 March 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "Sosyal İçerik Platformu". Sosyola. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014.
- "El Rey reconoce que Isabel II ha hecho posible la visita de Estado a Reino Unido" [King Felipe recognizes that Elizabeth II has made possible a State visit to the United Kingdom]. lavanguardia.com (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- "Grand-Croix de Deuxième Classe de L'Ordre Nationale Malgache" [Grand Cross 2nd Class of the National Order of Madagascar]. presidence.gov.mg (in French). Présidence de la République de Madagascar. Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "H R H Anne The Princess Royal". The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Princess Anne becomes a Royal Fellow". RAEng Newsletter Autumn 2010 p3. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
- "Honorary Fellowship for Royal marks Faculty of Dental Surgery's 70th Anniversary". Royal College of Surgeons. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Keeping up with Anne: the Princess Royal's week". 19 April 2019.
- "History". Worshipful Company of Woolmen. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- "General Assembly 2017". The Church of Scotland. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Pringle, Eleanor (4 July 2017). "Princess Anne visits Holt as she is announced as Gresham's Govenor [sic]". North Norfolk News. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- University of Edinburgh. "News and Events". Retrieved 17 April 2011.
- UHI. "About UHI". Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Harper Adams University. "News". Retrieved 23 November 2013.
- "Undergraduate Calendar: History and Government—Honorary Degree Recipients". University of Regina. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- "Princess Anne arrives in St. John's". CBC. 23 April 2010. Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Cranfield's 2011 Honorary Graduates". Cranfield University. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Princess Anne handed honorary degree from Camilla in Aberdeen". BBC. 14 January 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
- "No. 47235". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7119.
- "Princess Anne's Ottawa tour will honour 'everyday heroes'". CBC News. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- Bulletin November 2003 Archived 18 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine, Canadian Forces Health Services Group
- "Normandy: D-Day June 6—Regina". Veterans Affairs Canada. 5 June 2004. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- Government of Canada (3 May 2015). "Minister Kenney announces Royal appointments to the Royal Canadian Navy". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "No. 52834". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 February 1992. p. 2581.
- "No. 45051". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 March 1970. p. 2551.
- "No. 47234". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7079.
- "No. 57032". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 August 2003. p. 10318.
- "No. 59847". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 July 2011. p. 13226.
- "No. 60271". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 September 2012. p. 17883.
- "Canadian Flags of the Royal Family". Canadian Crown. Government of Canada. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
- "The Princess Anne, Princess Royal". Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges. Office of the Governor General of Canada: Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
- "BBC Sport – Princess Royal among first women to join St Andrews". BBC Sport.
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1973). "The Royal Lineage". Burke's Guide to the Royal Family. Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 187–309. ISBN 0-220-66222-3.
- Paget, Gerald (1977). The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (2 vols). Edinburgh: Charles Skilton. ISBN 978-0-284-40016-1.
- Dunn, Emma. "Swindon Speedway boss Ronnie Russell recalls the night he saved Princess Anne". The Swindon Advertiser. Archived from the original on 21 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Anne, Princess Royal|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anne, Princess Royal.|
- The Princess Royal at the royal family website
- Anne, the Princess Royal at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Princess Anne Building Bridges with Students
- Anne, Princess Royal on IMDb
Anne, Princess RoyalBorn: 15 August 1950
|Lines of succession|
Lady Louise Windsor
| Line of succession to the British throne
Title last held byPrincess Mary, Countess of Harewood
| Princess Royal
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
| Chancellor of the University of London
The Duke of Edinburgh
| Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh|
|New creation|| Chancellor of the University of the Highlands and Islands|
| Chancellor of Harper Adams University|
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
| Grand Master of the Royal Victorian Order
| BBC Sports Personality of the Year
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
The Countess of Wessex
HRH The Princess Royal
The Duchess of Cambridge