|Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
Duke of Saxony
|Head of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry|
|Tenure||27 June 1826 – 27 August 1851|
|Born||28 March 1785|
|Died||27 August 1851 (aged 66)|
Mausoleum at Friedhof am Glockenberg, Coburg
|Spouse||Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág|
|Issue||Ferdinand II of Portugal|
Victoria, Duchess of Nemours
|Father||Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld|
|Mother||Countess Augusta Caroline Sophie Reuss-Ebersdorf|
Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Ferdinand Georg August; 28 March 1785 – 27 August 1851) was a German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and a general of cavalry in the Austrian Imperial and Royal Army during the Napoleonic Wars. Despite remaining a Lutheran, by marriage he established the Catholic branch of the family, which eventually gained the thrones of Portugal (1837) and Bulgaria (1887).:107
Birth and family
Ferdinand was born at Coburg as Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the second son of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and his second wife, Countess Augusta Caroline Sophie of Reuss-Ebersdorf. In 1826 his title changed from Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, when his brother Duke Ernst I made a territorial exchange with other members of the family.
On 1 February 1802 he transferred to the Austrian Army serving in the Chevauxleger-Regiment Fürst Rosenberg in which he was promoted to Major on 29 September 1804. On 1 January 1805 he transferred to the Husaren-Regiment Graf Blankenstein Nr. 6 in which he was promoted to Oberstleutnant on 6 August 1805.
On 15 September 1808 Ferdinand became Oberst in the Husaren-Regiment Erzherzog Ferdinand d'Este Nr. 3. It was in this regiment that he served in the War of the Fifth Coalition under Field Marshal Prince Hohenzollern. He received the knight's cross of the Military Order of Maria Theresa. Before the Battle of Wagram, he was named General of the Kavallerie Fürst Liechtenstein. On 15 April 1811 he was named Generalmajor.
On 8 May 1822 Ferdinand became Inhaber (proprietor) of the Uhlanen-Regiment Fürst Karl Schwarzenberg. On 22 November 1828 he became Inhaber of the Husaren-Regiment Nr. 8. Shortly thereafter, he was promoted to the rank of General der Kavallerie.
Marriage and children
In Vienna on 30 November 1815, Ferdinand married Princess Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág et Szitnya, daughter and heiress of Ferenc József, Fürst Koháry de Csábrág et Szitnya, converting to Roman Catholicism in 1818. When Antonia's father died in 1826, she inherited his estates in Hungary, and Ferdinand took the title of Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry.
Ferdinand and Antonia had four children, all of whom were raised Catholic:
- Ferdinand II of Portugal (29 October 1816 – 15 December 1885), married Queen Maria II of Portugal on 9 April 1836. They had eleven children. He remarried Elisa Hensler on 10 June 1869.
- Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (13 June 1818 – 26 July 1881), married Princess Clémentine of Orléans on 21 April 1843. They had five children.
- Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (14 February 1822 – 10 December 1857), married Louis, Duke of Nemours on 27 April 1840. They had four children.
- Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (31 January 1824 – 20 May 1884), married Constanze Geiger on 23 April 1861. They had one son.
Honours and awards
He received the following awards:
- Russian Empire:
- Austrian Empire: Knight of the Military Order of Maria Theresa, 1809; Commander, 1815
- Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1815
- Kingdom of Hanover: Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order, 1818
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, December 1833
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold, 15 July 1835
- Kingdom of Portugal:
- United Kingdom: Honorary Grand Cross of the Bath (military), 12 June 1839
- Kingdom of France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, May 1840
- Kingdom of Prussia: Knight of the Red Eagle, 1st Class
|Ancestors of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
- Biographisches Lexikon des Kaisertums Österreich, II, 392-394.
- Klüglein, Norbert (1991). Coburg Stadt und Land (German). Verkehrsverein Coburg.
- Conversations-Lexikon der Gegenwart. F. Brockhaus. 1839.
- Militär-Schematismus des österreichischen Kaiserthums, Wien, k.k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei 1840, S. 326
- Zeitung für den deutschen Adel, Band 1 (1840), S. 36, Vermählungen; Geburts- und Sterbefälle
- Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1847). "Genealogie des Herzogliche Hauses", pp. 10-11
- Almanach de la cour: pour l'année ... 1817. l'Académie Imp. des Sciences. 1817. pp. 65, 83, 137.
- "Ritter-Orden: Militärischer Maria-Theresien-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich, 1814, p. 16, retrieved 6 November 2019
- "... Maria Theresien-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch ... Österreich, 1816, p. 11, retrieved 6 November 2019
- "Königliche Ritter-orden". Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen: 1850. Heinrich. 1850. p. 3.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch für das Königreich Hannover. Berenberg. 1849. p. 54.
- Adreß-Handbuch ... Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1847). "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden", p. 22
- H. Tarlier (1854). Almanach royal officiel, publié, exécution d'un arrête du roi (in French). 1. p. 37.
- Bragança, Jose Vicente de (2014). "Agraciamentos Portugueses Aos Príncipes da Casa Saxe-Coburgo-Gota" [Portuguese Honours awarded to Princes of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha]. Pro Phalaris (in Portuguese). 9–10: 6–7. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
- Shaw, Wm. A. (1906) The Knights of England, I, London, p. 188
- M. & B. Wattel (2009). Les Grand'Croix de la Légion d'honneur de 1805 à nos jours. Titulaires français et étrangers. Paris: Archives & Culture. p. 523. ISBN 978-2-35077-135-9.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1850), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 33, 48