Medieval town gate Mitteltor and St Mary Church
|• Mayor||Hendrik Sommer|
|• Total||142.18 km2 (54.90 sq mi)|
|Elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Density||130/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Prenzlau (German: [ˈpʁɛnt͡slaʊ] (listen), formerly also Prenzlow) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, the administrative seat of Uckermark District. It is also the centre of the historic Uckermark region.
Settled since Neolithic times, the Prenzlau area from the 7th century AD was the site of several gords erected by the Polabian Slavs. In the late 12th century, the Dukes of Pomerania had the region colonized by Low German settlers.
Prenzlau itself, named after Slavic Premyslaw was first mentioned in 1187. It received town privileges by Duke Barnim I of Pomerania in 1234. When Duke Barnim signed the Treaty of Landin with the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg in 1250, Prenzlau was already a fortified town with walls and moats, four parish churches and a monastery. Together with Berlin-Cölln, Frankfurt and Stendal, it ranked among the largest towns in the margraviate.
The Prenzlau and the Uckermark region were devastated during the Thirty Years' War. From the late 17th century onwards French Huguenot refugees settled here and an economic recovery started. Also a garrison town, Prenzlau was again ravaged by passing troops during the Seven Years' War and the Napoleonic Wars. In the mid 19th century, several citizens emigrated to Australia, where they founded the town of Prenzlau, Queensland west of Brisbane.
In World War II the Oflag II-A is a prisoner-of-war camp located just south of Prenzlau on the main road to Berlin. The town centre was largely destroyed. The East German authorities had it rebuilt with large panel Plattenbau buildings.
Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005-2030 (yellow line); for 2014-2030 (red line); for 2017-2030 (scarlet line)
Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:
- Christian Democratic Union (CDU): 7
- Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD): 7
- The Left: 6
- Bürgerfraktion (Independent): 4
- Wir Prenzlauer (Independent): 2
- Free Democratic Party (FDP): 1
- National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD): 1
- Christian Friedrich Schwan (1733–1815), publisher and bookseller
- Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737–1807), landscape painter
- Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), queen consort of Prussia
- Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse (1753–1830)
- Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832)
- Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1755–1776)
- Wilhelm Grabow (1802–1874), civil servant, judge, and politician
- Adolf Wilhelm Theodor Stahr (1805–1876), writer and literary historian
- Ernst Christian Friedrich Schering (1824–1889), apothecary and industrialist
- Johannes Schmidt (1843–1901), linguist
- Paul Hirsch (1868–1940), politician
- Hans Felix Husadel (1897–1964), composer and conductor
- Otto Kaiser (born 1924), scholar
- Brigitte Rohde (born 1954), sprinter
- Carola Zirzow (born 1954), sprint canoer
- Christiane Wartenberg (born 1956), athlete
- René Bielke (born 1962), ice hockey player
- Oscar Florianus Bluemner (1867-1938), painter
Gate Tower of the Brick Gothic 'Mitteltor'
Historical painting of Dedelow castle, a part of Prenzlau
Dominican abbey of Prenzlau
Martin Luther memorial in Prenzlau
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2019". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2020.
- Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
- A. Hilpert. "Partnerstädte der Stadt Prenzlau". www.prenzlau.eu (in German). Büroleiterin des Bürgermeisters, Geschäftsbereich Bürgermeister. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
Media related to Prenzlau at Wikimedia Commons
- Municipal website (in German)