The Old Manor, Potters Bar
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||POTTERS BAR|
|Ambulance||East of England|
Historically in Middlesex, the town dates to the early 13th century but remained a small, mainly agricultural, settlement until the arrival of the Great Northern Railway in 1850. It is now part of the London commuter belt.
The origin of the Potters element of the town's name is uncertain but is generally thought to be either a reference to a Roman pottery, believed to have been sited locally, or alternatively to the Pottere family who lived in neighbouring South Mimms parish. The Bar is thought to refer to the gates leading from the South Mimms parish and into the Enfield Chase parish, or possibly from some sort of toll on the Great North Road, said to have been by what is now the disused Green Man pub, or at the current entrance to Morven House. See also Temple Bar which is a mediaeval gate re-erected close to St Paul's Cathedral.
Potters Bar was historically part of Middlesex and formed the Potters Bar Urban District of that county from 1934. From 1894 to 1934 its area had formed the South Mimms Rural District. In 1965 the district was transferred to Hertfordshire County Council while most of the rest of Middlesex County Council became part of Greater London.
The urban district covered an area of 6,129 acres (24.80 km2). In 1939 it had a population of 13,681, increasing to 24,613 in 1971. In 1974 the urban district was abolished and the area became part of the borough of Hertsmere. Having been part of Middlesex, the area continued to form part of the Metropolitan Police District; with the creation of the Greater London Authority it was transferred to the Hertfordshire Constabulary in 2000.
Wrotham Park estate, home of the Byng family, sits within Potters Bar and Barnet on 2,500 acres of land. The Byng family still own a lot of land in the Potters Bar area and The Admiral Byng pub in Darkes Lane is named after Admiral John Byng, who was executed for failing to obey orders in the Minorca campaign.
|Climate data for Potters Bar|
|Average high °C (°F)||8
|Average low °C (°F)||5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||50.7
Potters Bar railway station is the highest on the line between London's King's Cross railway station and York. The Great Northern route serves various North London suburbs to the south before terminating at either King's Cross or Moorgate station. Northbound, the railway runs to Peterborough, Cambridge, Hatfield and Welwyn Garden City.
Potters Bar has a bus depot that services local bus routes as well as some London bus routes. The 84 bus route travels south to New Barnet and north-west to St. Albans. Other routes include the 298 to Arnos Grove, the 313 to Enfield and Chingford, the 242 to Waltham Cross, the 398 to Watford and the 610 to Enfield and Hatfield. There are also school bus services run from various places to Dame Alice Owen's School and to Chancellor's School.
|84||St. Albans St Peters Street to New Barnet Station via Barnet||Daily||Metroline|
|242||Waltham Cross Bus Station to Potters Bar Station via Cuffley, Cheshunt.
Extended to Welwyn Garden City via Hatfield on Sundays
|298||Potters Bar Cranbourne Road to Arnos Grove Station via Cockfosters||Daily||Sullivan Buses|
|313||Potters Bar Station to Chingford Station via Enfield||Daily||Arriva London|
|306B||Potters Bar Station to Watford via Elstree||Sat||Sullivan Buses|
|398||Potters Bar Station to Watford via Radlett||Mon-Fri||Sullivan Buses|
|610||Enfield Town to Luton via Welham Green and Hatfield Business Park||Mon-Sat||Uno|
|PB1 Circular||Circular via Shillitoe Avenue, Potters Bar Station , High Street and Oakmere||Mon-Sat||Uno|
Potters Bar rail accidents
Potters Bar has been the scene of three train crashes; two major and one minor. On 19 March 1898, a train crashed on the platform, but no one was killed or seriously injured. On the night of 10 February 1946, a local train hit buffers at the station, became derailed, and two express trains travelling in opposite directions struck the wreckage. On 10 May 2002, a northbound train derailed at high speed, killing seven people and seriously injuring another 11. On 10 May 2003, a small piece of art that resembles seven faces was erected at the station as a memorial to those killed.
There are eight churches in Potters Bar. These include St Mary the Virgin and All Saints' Church at the top of the Walk, the first Anglican parish in the town created from the parish of South Mimms in the 1800s. Other churches are Our Lady and St Vincent ( Roman Catholic) , King Charles the Martyr, Christ Church, Potters Bar Baptist Church, St John's Methodist Church and Causeway Free Church. Potters Bar Spiritualist Church is on Hill Rise. There was briefly a Salvation Army in Station Road. There is also the Jain Temple at the Oshwal Centre, which "recreates a general Māru-Gurjara aesthetic".
There are six primary and infant state schools in Potters Bar and the surrounding area; they are Cranborne School, Ladbrooke JMI, Little Heath Primary, Oakmere Primary, Pope Paul RC Primary and Wroxham School.
The town also houses many veterinary medicine (mostly third, fourth and fifth-year) students from the Royal Veterinary College.
Sports, entertainment and recreation
Potters Bar has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V, which is situated behind the Furzefield Centre. There is a swimming pool and leisure centre run by Hertsmere council, which is home to St Albans and Hertsmere Canoe Club. Also in the town are Potters Bar Town F.C., Potters Bar Swimming Club (PBSC), a Scuba diving Club (the Potters Bar Sub Aqua Club), a tennis club, a cricket club. The Wyllyotts Centre is a theatre, cinema and events venue, and is also the location of the town's museum. Potters Bar is also home to the Hertfordshire Showband (formally known as the Marching Blues).
In December 2018, the golf course at Potters Bar ceased trading after 95 years.
In 1983, the area around Potters Bar was used for the on-location filming of the comic-horror film Bloodbath at the House of Death. Also, in 2005, David Walliams and Matt Lucas shot two scenes for the third season of the comedy Little Britain: one scene at Mount Grace School gym, the other at a wedding shop on the High Street. Potters Bar is also home to the performing arts school, Top Hat Stage School, which has been running classes at Elm Court Community Centre since 1994.
- Amanda Abbington, actress
- Acker Bilk, clarinetist, divided his time between Pensford, Somerset, and Potters Bar
- Bernard Butler, musician, record producer, and guitarist in Suede.
- Roger Fenton, Crimean war photographer who lived at Mount Grace manor house
- Martin Freeman, actor
- Tony Jacklin, golfer, whose home golf club was Potters Bar Golf Club
- Terry Lightfoot, jazz musician, born in Potters Bar
- Storm Thorgerson, graphic designer, born in Potters Bar
- Dolly Shepherd, parachutist and entertainer, born in Potters Bar.
Notes and references
- Neighbourhood Statistics Archived 6 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine Office for National Statistics 2011 Census. Retrieved 1 June 2013
- in the historic County of Middlesex - Hertsmere Borough Council Archived 29 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine – Community Strategy First Review (PDF)
- PBHistory Archived 15 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine – The history
- North Hertfordshire Archived 30 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine – A Housing Strategy for the London Commuter Belt Sub-region 2005 – 2008 (PDF)
- PBHistory Archived 6 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine – Whats in a name?
- PB History Archived 20 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine – The Great North Road
- PBHistory Archived 6 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine – Potters Bar, Middlesex
- Vision of Britain – Potters Bar UD (historic map Archived 1 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine)
- Vision of Britain – South Mimms RD (historic map Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine)
- Vision of Britain Archived 15 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine – Middlesex unit history
- London Government Act 1963, 1963 c. 33, s. 3 (1)
- Vision of Britain – Potters Bar UD historic population
- HMSO, Greater London Authority Act 1999. 1999 c. 29
- "JDweatherspoon.com The Admiral Byng History". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
- "Averages for Potters Bar". Archived from the original on 20 August 2009. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
- First Capital Connect Archived 18 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine – Network and Stations
- BBC News – In Depth Potters Bar Crash
- "St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church, Potters Bar". www.StMarysPB.org.uk. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church, Potters Bar Official website". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Potters Bar Religion". pottersbar.org. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Causeway Free Church, Potters Bar Official website". Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- "British History Online, Middlesex". Retrieved 9 July 2016.
- "Māru-Gurjara architecture", Wikipedia, 19 November 2019, retrieved 21 November 2019
- "Mount Grace School Official website". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Lochinver House School Official website". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Stormont School Official website". Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- "Dame Alice Owen's School". Retrieved 21 October 2019.
- "Dame Alice Owen's School History". Retrieved 21 October 2019.
- "Furzefield Centre". HertsmereLeisure.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 February 2007. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "Potters Bar Swimming Club". www.PottersBarSC.co.uk. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "Wyllyotts Centre". HertsmereLeisure.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 February 2007. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "Hertfordshire Showband Website". www.Hertfordshire-Showband.org. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- Tania Longmire (3 December 2018). "95-year-old Hertfordshire golf club ceases trading". thegolfbusiness.co.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
- "Bloodbath at the House of Death (1984)". BritMovie.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "Sherlock's Amanda Abbington: 'actors need to remember how lucky they are'".
- Scrumpy & Western Archived 25 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Acker Bilk biography
- Have Guitar Will Travel – by David Canvanagh, Q Magazine Q 113 February 1996
- "Welcome to Potters Bar Golf Club : Potters Bar Golf Club". www.PottersBarGolfClub.com. Archived from the original on 28 January 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "Jazz musician Terry Lightfoot dies". ITV. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- Sweeting, Adam (18 April 2013). "Storm Thorgerson dies aged 69: 'the best album designer in the world'". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
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