The term "tropical" refers to both the geographic origin of these systems, which form almost exclusively in tropical regions of the globe, as well as to their formation in maritime tropical air masses. The term "cyclone" refers to such storms' cyclonic nature, with anticlockwise rotation in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise rotation in the Southern Hemisphere. Depending on its location and intensity, a tropical cyclone may be referred to by names such as "hurricane", "typhoon", "tropical storm", "cyclonic storm", "tropical depression" or simply "cyclone".
2002 - Cyclone Dina reached its peak intensity with winds of 215 km/h (130 mph) in the south-west Indian Ocean. It later struck Mauritius and Réunion, dropping 2,102 mm (82.8 in) of rainfall on the latter island. Dina killed 15 people along its track and left US$287 million in damage.
2009 - Cyclone Fanele(pictured) reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 tropical cyclone and makes landfall over the western area of Madagascar. Fanele killed 10 people and major damages.