Immediately following the raid, the five Japanese fleet submarines that carried the midget submarines to Australia embarked on a campaign to disrupt merchant shipping in eastern Australian waters. Over the next month, the submarines attacked at least seven merchant vessels, sinking three ships and killing 50 sailors. During this period, between midnight and 02:30 on 8 June, two of the submarines bombarded the ports of Sydney and Newcastle.
The midget submarine attacks and subsequent bombardments are among the best-known examples of Axis naval activity in Australian waters during World War II, and are the only occasion in history when either city has come under attack. The physical effects were slight: the Japanese had intended to destroy several major warships, but sank only an unarmed depot ship and failed to damage any significant targets during the bombardments. The main impact was psychological; creating popular fear of an impending Japanese invasion and forcing the Australian military to upgrade defences, including the commencement of convoy operations to protect merchant shipping. Read more...
Katie Louisa Ardill, OBE (3 August 1886 – 3 January 1955) was an Australian doctor. She was the first woman to be appointed as a divisional surgeon in New South Wales, and a year later was among the first female doctors when she joined the British Expeditionary Forces in Egypt in 1915. Read more...
The Quadrangle at The University of Sydney. The architect Edmund Blacket designed these Neogothic sandstone buildings, which were completed in 1862. The jacaranda mimosifolia tree in full flower has great sentimental value within the University.
View of the Parramatta skyline from the west in August 2017.
The Parramatta River passing through Rydalmere, Rosehill and Camellia, as seen in 2010. A mixture of low density housing and light industry can be seen on the Rydalmere side of the river. Heavy industry dominates on the Rosehill and Camellia side.
Experiment Farm Cottage in Harris Park is one of Australia’s oldest standing residences. It is located at the site of Experiment Farm, Australia's first European farmstead, which was itself created by Australia's first land grant. It is heritage-listed at both state and federal levels.