In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education. Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.
There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.
In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.
Roswell's standardized testing scores have exceeded the national and state averages and it has been named a national and Georgia school of excellence. For the 2005–2006 school year, Roswell's average SAT score was 1663 with the new SAT scoring system, which ranked Roswell third in the Fulton County School System and sixth in Metro Atlanta. The school offers students many extracurricular activities, including a variety of clubs. Students also have the option to compete in 16 different sports comprising 23 varsity level teams. Seven of the Roswell Hornet teams have won state championships, totaling 19 overall.
Percy Shaw Jeffrey (March 14, 1862 - February 22, 1952) was a respected schoolmaster and author of several books on a range of topics, including significant contributions towards the teaching of phonetics in schools. Born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire to Thomas Ashby Jeffrey, a chemist, and Mary Helen Jeffrey (née Sparrow), he taught at a variety of schools before spending sixteen years as headmaster at Colchester Royal Grammar School. Shaw Jeffrey was particularly at home with modern languages, and lectured on the topic and how it should be taught. Later on, he authored more works relating to education. With his wife Alice, he retired to the town of Whitby in 1916, where he spent his time between numerous trips to countries around the world.