The city has grown over the centuries on both banks and is now a metropolitan area that spreads out from the Musi river. Hyderabad was founded as Bhagyanagar on the banks of Musi river by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, in 1590; this relocation was intended to relieve a water shortage the dynasty had experienced at their old headquarters at Golkonda.
The Golconda Fort (or Golkonda), Telugu గోల్కొండ, is a ruined city of south-central India and capital of ancient Kingdom of Golkonda (c. 1364–1512). Situated west of Hyderabad, was Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali, the fourth Qutb king. It was the capital and fortress city of the Qutb Shahi kingdom, near Hyderabad. The city was home to one of the most powerful Muslim sultanates in the region and was the center of a flourishing diamond trade. Golkonda was once renowned for the diamonds found on the southeast and cut in the city. At that time, had the only known diamond mines in the world. Some known diamonds of Golkonda are the Koh-i-noor, the Hope Diamond and the Regent Diamond. The fortresses consists of four distinct forts with a 10 km long outer wall with 87 semi-circular bastions; some still mounted with cannons, eight gateways, four drawbridges and number of royal apartments & halls, temples, mosques, magazines, stables…, inside.The architectural grandeur of the magnificent monumental edifice is unmatched in beauty, which it has preserved brilliantly despite being more than four centuries old. Built on a granite hill (120 metres in height), the entire massive fort is the best possible example of architectural planning and its magnificence.
Secunderabadpronunciation (help·info) (Telugu: సికింద్రాబాద్) is the twin city of Hyderabad and the two cities are popularly called Twin cities. In common parlance however, Secunderabad is seldom used these days outside the twin cities. The city of Secunderabad which was once said to be modern compared to its twin during the Nizam rule, has grown tremendously over the years to catch up with the metropolis of Hyderabad. The cities present different fusion of cultures with Secunderabad having developed under direct British rule until 1948, and the city of Hyderabad, as the capital of a princely state. It was founded in the 18th century as a cantonment, and has a large army and Air force presence to this date. Today, the Secunderabad Cantonment is the largest among the 62 cantonments in India. Named after Sikandar Jah, the third Nizam of the Asaf Jahi dynasty, till recently Secunderabad had its own municipality and city government. Sir Ronald Ross conducted his initial research on the cause of malaria in the city of Secunderabad. Secunderabad Railway Station is the largest station serving the city and also the headquarters of South Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways.
As the historical region of Hyderabad, the old city contains many landmark buildings, including Charminar (literally "Four Minarets"), a structure built on the spot where Quli Qutb Shah prayed for the end to a plague epidemic.
Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Bahadur (Urdu: عثمان علی خان بہادر; 6 April 1886 – 24 February 1967), was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad and of Berar. He ruled Hyderabad between 1911 and 1948, until it was annexed by India. He was styled His Exalted Highness The Nizam of Hyderabad.
During his days as Nizam, he was reputed to be the richest man in the world, having a fortune estimated at US$2 billion in the early 1940s ($33.7 billion today) or 2 per cent of the US economy then. At that time the treasury of the newly independent Union government of India reported annual revenue of US$1 billion only. He was portrayed on the cover of TIME magazine on 22 February 1937, described as the world's richest man. The Nizam is widely believed to have remained as the richest man in South Asia until his death in 1967, though his fortunes fell to US$1 billion by then and became a subject of multiple legal disputes between bitterly fighting rival descendants. Calculating his modern-day worth, accounting for inflation, the Nizam was worth $236 billion, making him one of the wealthiest people to have ever lived.
He built the Hyderabad House in Delhi, now used for diplomatic meetings by the Government of India.