Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah established Hyderabad in 1591 to extend the capital beyond the fortified Golconda. In 1687, the city was annexed by the Mughals. In 1724, Mughal governor Nizam Asaf Jah I declared his sovereignty and founded the Asaf Jahi dynasty, also known as the Nizams. Hyderabad served as the imperial capital of the Asaf Jahis from 1769 to 1948. As capital of the princely state of Hyderabad, the city housed the British Residency and cantonment until Indian independence in 1947. Hyderabad was integrated into the Indian Union in 1948 and continued as a capital of Hyderabad State (1948–56). After the introduction of the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, Hyderabad was made the capital of the newly-formed Andhra Pradesh. In 2014, Andhra Pradesh was bifurcated to form Telangana and Hyderabad became the joint capital of the two states with a transitional arrangement scheduled to end in 2024. Since 1956, the city has housed the winter office of the President of India.
Relics of the Qutb Shahi and Nizam rules remain visible today; the Charminar has come to symbolise the city. By the end of early modern era, the Mughal Empire declined in the Deccan and the Nizams' patronage had attracted men of letters from different parts of the world. The amalgamation of local and migrated artisans had originated a distinctive culture, and the city emerged as the foremost centre of oriental culture. Painting, handicraft, jewellery, literature, dialect and clothing are prominent still today. Through its cuisine, the city is listed as a UNESCO creative city of gastronomy. The Telugu film industry based in the city is the country's second-largest producer of motion pictures.
The Old City of Hyderabad is a walled city of Hyderabad, Telangana, India, located on the banks of the Musi River built by Qutb Shahi sultan Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1591 AD. There used to be a wall surrounding the Old City, most of which is destroyed. Mubariz Khan, the Mughal governor of Deccan Subah, had fortified the city in 1712 and was completed by Nizam of Hyderabad.
Asaf Jah VII and his heir apparent Mukarram Jah, both wearing Sherwani and Rumi Topi
Aurangzeb during the Siege of Golconda, 1687
A Bidriware of the 18th century, displayed at Musée du Louvre
Hyderabadi biryani along with other Hyderabadi cuisine
The elevation model of Hyderabad and Secunderabad areas, created using ASTER GDEM v2 Data.
HITEC City, the hub of information technology companies
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, founder of Hyderabad and Urdu poet
Panorama of Charminar complex, showing the Charminar, Mecca Masjid and Nizamia Hospital
Students leaving the Osmania University, c.1939–1945
Hyderabad Metro was inaugurated in 2017.
British Residency, Hyderabad, 1880s
Mir Qamar-ud-din Khan, the first Nizam of Hyderabad
Map of Hyderabad, 1914
The Hill Fort Palace, 1930s
Gachibowli Indoor Stadium
Distant view of Hyderabad, 1880s
The Buddha Statue of Hyderabad at Hussain Sagar lake was constructed in the 1980s.
Portrait of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
Hussain Sagar Lake
A foggy day in Hyderabad
Kachiguda Railway Station, 1932
One Hyderabadi Rupee coin issued in 1329 AH (1911 CE) during the reign of Asaf Jah VI
Gachibowli; a suburb of Hyderabad.
Shops in the Laad Bazaar
Inorbit Mall in the city
Throne of the Nizam of Hyderabad at Chowmahalla Palace
A view of 16th century ruined city of Naya Qila in rare a modern skyline under construction in suburb of city.
One of the Qutb Shahi Tombs
Map of Hyderabad, 1911
Asaf Jah VII pays homage to King George and Queen Mary, Delhi Durbar, 1911
Moulali Hill Shrine
The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject: