|Port of Chester|
Port of Chester seen through Commodore Barry Bridge
|Draft depth||45 feet|
|Air draft||188 feet|
The Port of Chester is a port on the west bank of the Delaware River in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Delaware Valley port complex and lies between the Port of Wilmington and the Port of Philadelphia. Traditionally, shipbuilding and later automobile assembly were the mainstays of the port. It has since given way to other manufacturing and recreational activities, with Penn Terminals the only traditional maritime facility.
- William Penn Landing Site is near the confluence of Chester Creek and the Delaware River.
- Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company - The United States' biggest post-Civil War shipyard was founded by the Sun Oil Company in 1917 as a private shipyard for production of oil tankers. During the period between the First and Second World Wars, when many other yards were shut down due to a surplus in vessels and the Great Depression, Sun maintained its building pace as the US began to move away from coal as the main source of fuel for ships, powerplants and machinery and into oil. It closed in 1990. The US Navy has named ships USS Chester in honor of the port.
- Chester Waterside Station of the Philadelphia Electric Company
- Delaware River Iron Ship Building and Engine Works and later Merchant Shipbuilding Corporation Chester shipyard, which had been in existence since 1859 and built close to 350 ships during the course of its history. It was sold to the Ford Motor Company and became a factory motor vehicles called Chester Assembly, which opened in 1927 and closed in 1961.
- Chester Rolling Mill
- Eddystone Arsenal (a division of Baldwin Locomotive Works)
Location and access
The waterfront is part of the Delaware Valley port complex. It is located on the west bank of Delaware River in Chester, Eddystone and Ridley Park. It is upstream of the Trainer Refinery and downstream of Philadelphia International Airport. Stoney Creek , Chester Creek, Ridley Creek, Crum Creek and Darby Creek mouth along the shore.
In the "project of 1885" the U.S. government undertook systematically the formation of a 26-foot (7.9 m) shipping channel 600 feet (180 m) wide from Philadelphia to deep water in Delaware Bay. The River and Harbor Act of 1899 provided for a 30-foot (9.1 m) channel 600 feet (180 m) wide from Philadelphia to the deep water of the bay.
Since 1941, the Delaware River Main Channel was maintained at a depth of 40 ft (12 m). A 102.5-mile stretch of this federal navigation channel, from Port of Philadelphia and Port of Camden to the mouth of the Delaware Bay, was deepened to 45 ft (14 m), which was completed in 2017.
Rail service to the port is within Conrail's South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets Area, based at Pavonia Yard over Delair Bridge, the most downstream railroad bridge, crossing the Delaware at Pennsauken, New Jersey. The Stoney Creek Secondary parallels the port and has a on site spurs. Norfolk Southern Railway (with connecting BNSF Railway service) and CSX Transportation Philadelphia Subdivision are also active.
Maritime, water, energy and industrial
- DELCORA (Delaware County Regional Water Authority) wastewater treatment facility
- Covanta Energy Delaware Valley Resource Recovery Facility
- Evonik Degussa
- GWSI Warehousng
- River Bridge Industrial Center
- Chester Water Authority
- Penn Terminals 80 Acres (32 hectares)
- Barry Callebaut
- Exelon Eddystone Generating Station
- Boeing (formerly Boeing Rotorcraft Systems, now part of Boeing Defense, Space & Security)
Commericial, tourism and recreation
- Wharf at Rivertown
- Talen Energy Stadium is an American soccer-specific stadium is home to the Philadelphia Union of Major League Soccer. The project is the result of combined commitments of $30 million from Delaware County and $47 million from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Talen Energy is the stadium's naming rights sponsor.
- Harrah's Philadelphia was built on the site of the Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company.
The East Coast Greenway runs along the shore.
- "Bridges and Cables" (PDF). Moran Shipping. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "Industrial Hwy Transportation Improvements, Route 291, LR-542, Chester, Delaware County: Environmental Impact Statement". Federal Highway Administration. 1986. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Delaware River". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 951.
- United States Army Corps of Engineers. Delaware River Main Channel Deepening. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Ruch, Robert J. Ruch (Lt. Col.), District Engineer, Philadelphia District. Delaware River Main Channel Deepening Project Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (January 20, 2005). Retrieved July 14, 2013.
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Delaware River Main Channel Deepening Project. (May 2012). Retrieved July 14, 2013.
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- PCDFC: GWSI Warehousing
- "Engineering & Manufacturing". www.careersatkc.com.
- "Message to Tom Wolf: $6 Million for a Gas Plant on the Delaware, But You Don't Want Us to Frack?". Natural Gas Now. 6 September 2018.
- "About Us - Chester Water Authority - The Official Website of The Chester Water Authority". www.chesterwater.com.
- "Penn Terminals - Facilities". www.pennterminals.com.
- "North Atlantic Marine Terminal (Penn Terminals) - Eddystone, PA".
- "Economy League - Study explores potential of Delaware river ports" Check
|url=value (help). Economy League of Greater Philadelphia. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Penn Terminals". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Penn Terminals". World Port Source. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Crowley and Penn Terminals Sign Multi-year Stevedoring and Terminal Services Agreement for Puerto Rico – North Atlantic Service". 20 March 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- Labrut, Michele; Labrut, Michele. "Crowley and Penn Terminals sign multi-year services agreement". www.seatrade-maritime.com. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Ship Car To Or From Port Of Chester". www.a1autotransport.com. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Exelon". www.exeloncorp.com. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
- "Delaware County Approves Funding for MLS Stadium". Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved October 24, 2007.