|Service type||Superfast Express|
|Locale||Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal|
|Current operator(s)||Eastern Railways|
|Distance travelled||1,531 km (951 mi)|
|Average journey time||21 hours 50 minutes|
|Class(es)||First AC, Second AC, Third AC, Sleeper Class, General Unreserved|
|Catering facilities||Pantry car attached|
|Observation facilities||Linke-Hofmann-Busch Coaches|
|Rolling stock||LHB coaches|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Operating speed||130.00 km/h (81 mph) maximum with halts 68 km/h (42 mph) (average with halts)|
The Poorva Express (Bengali: পূর্ব এক্সপ্রেস, Hindi: पूर्वा एक्स्प्रेस) are daily superfast express trains of Indian Railways running between Howrah, West Bengal, and New Delhi, the capital city of India. The name Poorva signifies the eastern part of India, and the train attracts travellers from Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal. The maximum permissible speed of 12303/12304 Poorva Express (Via Patna) is between Chipyana Buzurg (near Ghaziabad) and Pt Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Jn (formerly known as Mughalsarai Jn) and that of 12381/12382 Poorva Express (Via Varanasi) is between Chipyana Buzurg (near Ghaziabad) and Prayagraj Jn. (formerly known as Allahabad Jn.) The maximum permissible speed of both is 130 km/h (81 mph). 
Prior to the introduction of the Rajdhani Express, the Deluxe Express was the premium category superfast trains of India. Fully air conditioned and superfast, they were given the highest priority in Indian Railways. There were two of them. One use to imply between Amritsar and Bandra, and another from Amritsar to Howrah. Both of them use to carry the ICF Rajdhani liveried coaches. Later with due course of time the Deluxe Express till Bandra was renamed as Paschim Express while the Deluxe Express till Howrah Express was renamed as Poorva Express.
With due course of time, the fully Air Conditioned Poorva Express was stripped off from its name to accommodate additional Non-Ac Coaches and was subsequently terminated till New Delhi. And with the arrival of trains like Toofan Express and Howrah Rajdhani Express, it lost its grandeur and subsequently its priority. It was relegated to Maroon Coaches first and then to Standard Blue ICF Coaches later before getting refurbished to LHB Coaches in 2013.
Though it suffered with time, but its popularity never ceased. Due to its huge demand, Indian Railways introduced a second pair of Poorva Express on 1 August 1971 via Patna. Not only that, during its peak time it was one of the longest train with a load of 23 coaches and was use to be hauled by WDM-2 between Mughalsarai and Chittaranjan.
The Train has been allotted a 22 coach rake of LHB Coaches, which started running from 30 April 2013 on allotment basis The Allotment of LHB Rake for first 1 month is like this.
|Pair||Train No.||Sector||Departure||Arrival||Frequency||Average Speed||Stops||Distance|
|1||12303||Howrah – New Delhi Via Patna||08:00||06:05 (reaches NEW DELHI 2.5 hrs of average delay)||Mon, Tue, Fri, Sat||70 km||BWN, DGR, ASN, CRJ, MDP, JSME, JAJ, JMU, KIUL, MKA, BARH, BKP, PNBE, DNR, ARA, BXR, DDU, ALD, CNB, ETW, TDL,ALJN||1531 km|
|12304||New Delhi – Howrah Via Patna||17:35||17:15 ( reaches HOWRAH Jn. 2 hrs of Average delay)||Wed, Thu, Sat, Sun||65 km|
|2||12381||Howrah – New Delhi Via Gaya||08:15||06:05||Sun, Wed, Thu||66 km||ALJN, TDL, ETW, CNB, ALD, BSB, DDU, BBU,SSM, DOS, ABUR, RFG, GAYA, KQR, PNME, DHN, ASN, DGR, BWN||1449 km|
|12382||New Delhi – Howrah Via Gaya||17:35||17:15||Mon, Tue, Fri||62 km|
Accidents and incidents
On 14 December 2014 the 12381 UP Howrah - New Delhi Poorva Express derailed at 8.27 am after leaving Howrah at 8.15 am. 11 sleeper coaches and a pantry car (AC Hot Buffet Car) of the New Delhi-bound Poorva Express derailed at Liluah shortly after leaving Howrah station. There were no casualties or injuries to any passengers, railway officials said. The train was moving at a slow speed when it derailed, the officials said, adding that the reasons for the mishap were being examined. What saved the passengers was the speed of the train. "The Poorva Express was moving at 10 to 15kmph when the accident occurred. The average speed of the train is 63kmph, though it can travel at 120kmph. Derailment at higher speeds would have been catastrophic," an official said.
On 19 April 2019 , 12303 Howrah New Delhi Poorva Express derailed at Rooma (Near Kanpur Central) at around 1 AM. According to Loco Pilots the train was Running at the speed of 127 KM/PH when it derailed.
- "Sanction for regular operation". Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "Raising maximum permissible speed of sections" (PDF). Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "Train Time Table - POORVA EXPRESS (12303) : etrain.info". etrain.info. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Train Time Table - POORVA EXPRESS (12304) : etrain.info". etrain.info. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Train Time Table - POORVA EXPRESS (12381) : etrain.info". etrain.info. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Train Time Table - POORVA EXPRESS (12382) : etrain.info". etrain.info. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Train jumps tracks like a toy". telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 22 June 2017.