The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:
- State Senate
- State House of Representatives
- State delegation to the United States Senate
- State delegation to the United States House of Representatives
For years in which a United States presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.
The parties are as follows: conservative (C) Nonpartisan Democratic (D), Democratic-Farmer-Labor (DFL), Farmer-Labor (FL), Independence (I), Independent-Republican (IR), liberal (L), Nonpartisan National Union (NU), Populist (Po), Progressive (Pr), Republican (R), and Reform (Ref).
|Year||Executive offices||State Legislature||United States Congress||Electoral College votes|
|Governor||Lieutenant Governor||Secretary of State||Attorney General||Auditor||Treasurer||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. House|
|1849||Alexander Ramsey (W)||no such office||Charles K. Smith (W)||Lorenzo A. Babcock (W)||Jonathan E. McKusick (W)||Calvin A. Tuttle (W)||6D, 2W, 1?||12D, 4W, 2?||1D|
|1851||Alexander C. Wilkin (W)||8D, 7?, 3W|
|5D, 4?, 2W|
|1852||Abraham Van Vorhes (W)||7D, 2W||10D, 5?, 3W|
|1853||Willis Arnold Gorman (D)||Joseph T. Rosser (D)||LaFayette Emmett (D)||Socrates Nelson (D)||George W. Prescott (D)||13D, 3W, 2?|
|1854||Julius Georgii (D)||Charles E. Leonard (D)||9D||13D, 5W|
|1855||13D, 4?, 1R|
|1856||9D, 4?, 2R||18D, 12R, 9?|
|8D, 4?, 2R||19D, 11R, 9?|
|6D, 4?, 2R|
|1857||Samuel Medary (D)||Charles L. Chase (D)||George W. Armstrong (D)||6D, 5R, 4?||20R, 18D||2D|
|20D, 17R||43D, 37R|
|1858||Henry Hastings Sibley (D)||William Holcombe (D)||Francis Baasen (D)||Charles H. Berry (D)||William F. Dunbar (D)||Henry Mower Rice (D)||James Shields (D)|
|1859||19D, 18R||49R, 31D||Morton S. Wilkinson (R)||2R|
|1860||Alexander Ramsey (R)||Ignatius L. Donnelly (R)||James H. Baker (D)||Gordon E. Cole (R)||Charles Scheffer (R)||23R, 13D, 1I||58R, 22D||Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin (R)|
|1861||Charles McIlrath (R)||19R, 2D||40R, 2D|
|1862||David Blakeley (R)||16R, 5D||30R, 10D, 2UD|
|1863||Henry Adoniram Swift (R)||29R, 12D, 1UD|
|Henry Adoniram Swift (R)||vacant||Alexander Ramsey (R)|
|1864||Stephen Miller (R)||Charles D. Sherwood (R)||17R, 4D||27R, 11D, 4UD||Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU)|
|1865||32R, 10D||Daniel S. Norton (R)|
|1866||William Rainey Marshall (R)||Thomas H. Armstrong (R)||William J. Colvill (R)||16R, 5D||29R, 13D|
|1867||17R, 5D||37R, 9D, 1?|
|1868||Henry C. Rogers (R)||Francis R. E. Cornell (R)||Emil D. Munch (R)||15R, 7D||34R, 13D||Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R)|
|1869||16R, 6D||38R, 9D||1R, 1D|
|1870||Horace Austin (R)||William H. Yale (R)||Hans Mattson (R)||William Windom (R)|
|1871||14R, 8D||27R, 20D||Ozora P. Stearns (R)||2R|
|William Windom (R)|
|1872||Samuel P. Jennison (R)||William Seeger (R)||29R, 12D||73R, 33D||Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R)|
|1873||Orlan P. Whitcomb (R)||Edwin W. Dyke (R)||31R, 10D||79R, 27D||3R|
|1874||Cushman Davis (R)||Alphonso Barto (R)||George P. Wilson (R)||28R, 13D||58R, 48D|
|1875||21R, 18D, 2I||54R, 48D, 4I||Samuel J. R. McMillan (R)|
|1876||John S. Pillsbury (R)||James Wakefield (R)||John S. Irgens (R)||William Pfaender (R)||27R, 14D||74R, 32D||Rutherford B. Hayes and William Almon Wheeler (R)|
|1877||26R, 15D||77R, 29D|
|1878||29R, 12D||66R, 40D|
|1879||23R, 16D, 2G||73R, 30D, 3G||2R, 1D|
|1880||Charles A. Gilman (R)||Frederick Von Baumbach (R)||Charles M. Start (R)||Charles Kittelson (R)||James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (R)|
|1881||William J. Hahn (R)||29R, 11D, 1?||87R, 15D, 1?||Alonzo J. Edgerton (R)||3R|
|1882||Lucius Frederick Hubbard (R)||William W. Braden (R)||William Windom (R)|
|1883||36R, 10D, 1I||72R, 28D, 2I, 1?||Dwight M. Sabin (R)||5R|
|1884||James G. Blaine and John Alexander Logan (R)|
|1885||30R, 17D||70R, 33D|
|1887||Andrew Ryan McGill (R)||Albert E. Rice (R)||Hans Mattson (R)||Moses E. Clapp (R)||Joseph Bobleter (R)||30R, 16D, 1FA||66R, 34D, 3FA||Cushman Davis (R)||3D, 2R|
|1888||Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton (R)|
|1889||William Rush Merriam (R)||89R, 9D, 3I, 2FA||William D. Washburn (R)||5R|
|1891||Gideon S. Ives (R)||Frederick P. Brown (R)||Adolph Biermann (R)||25R, 16D, 13P||52D, 43R, 19FA||3D, 1R, 1P|
|1892||Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid (R)|
|1893||Knute Nelson (R)||David Marston Clough (R)||Henry W. Childs (R)||71R, 41D, 2P||4R, 2D, 1P|
|1895||David Marston Clough (R)||Frank A. Day (R)||Albert Berg (R)||Robert C. Dunn (R)||August T. Koerner (R)||46R, 5P, 3D||95R, 10D, 9P||Knute Nelson (R)||7R|
|1896||William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R)|
|1897||John L. Gibbs (R)||90R, 13P, 11D|
|1899||John Lind (D)||Lyndon A. Smith (R)||Wallace B. Douglas (R)||44R, 18D, 1I||93R, 25D, 1I|
|1900||William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R)|
|Charles A. Towne (D)|
|1901||Samuel Rinnah Van Sant (R)||Peter E. Hanson (R)||Julius H. Block (R)||96R, 17D, 6P||Moses E. Clapp (R)|
|1903||Ray W. Jones (R)||Samuel G. Iverson (R)||52R, 11D||104R, 15D||8R, 1D|
|1904||William J. Donahower (R)||Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)|
|1905||John Albert Johnson (D)||Edward T. Young (R)||109R, 10D||9R|
|1907||Adolph Olson Eberhart (R)||Julius A. Schmahl (R)||Clarence C. Dinehart (R)||43R, 19D, 1 Peop.||102R, 14D, 3 Proh.||8R, 1D|
|1908||William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R)|
|1909||Adolph Olson Eberhart (R)||Edward Everett Smith||George T. Simpson (R)||94R, 22D, 3 Proh.|
|1910||Elias S. Pettijohn (R)|
|1911||Samuel Y. Gordon (R)||Walter J. Smith (R)||42R, 19D, 2I||88R, 26D, 4 Proh., 1IR, 1 Pub. Own.|
|1912||Lyndon A. Smith (R)||Theodore Roosevelt and Hiram Johnson (Pr)|
|1913||Joseph A. A. Burnquist (R)||98R, 20D, 1 Proh., 1S|
|1915||Winfield Scott Hammond (D)||J. A. O. Preus (R)||Conservative Majority||Conservative Majority||9R, 1D|
|1916||Joseph A. A. Burnquist (R)||George H. Sullivan||Arthur C. Gooding (R)||Charles Evans Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R)|
|1917||Thomas Frankson (R)||Henry Rines (R)||Frank B. Kellogg (R)|
|1918||Clifford L. Hilton (R)|
|1920||Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R)|
|1921||J. A. O. Preus (R)||Louis L. Collins (R)||Mike Holm (R)||Ray P. Chase (R)||10R|
|1923||Henrik Shipstead (FL)||Magnus Johnson (FL)||8R, 2FL|
|1924||Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R)|
|1925||Theodore Christianson (R)||William I. Nolan (R)||Edward W. Stark (R)||Thomas D. Schall (R)||7R, 3FL|
|1927||Albert F. Pratt (R)||Julius A. Schmahl (R)||8R, 2FL|
|1928||G. Aaron Youngquist (R)||Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R)|
|1929||Charles Edward Adams||Henry N. Benson (R)||9R, 1FL|
|1931||Floyd B. Olson (FL)||Henry M. Arens (FL)||Stafford King (R)|
|1932||Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D)|
|1933||Konrad K. Solberg (FL)||Harry H. Peterson (FL)||Liberal Majority||5FL, 3R, 1D|
|1935||Hjalmar Petersen (FL)||Conservative Majority||Elmer Austin Benson (FL)||5R, 3FL, 1D|
|1936||Hjalmar Petersen (FL)||William B. Richardson||William S. Ervin (FL)||Guy V. Howard (R)|
|1937||Elmer Austin Benson (FL)||Gottfrid T. Lindsten (FL)||C. A. Halverson (FL)||Liberal Majority||Ernest Lundeen (FL)||5FL, 3R, 1D|
|1939||Harold Stassen (R)||C. Elmer Anderson (R)||Joseph A. A. Burnquist (R)||Julius A. Schmahl (R)||Conservative Majority||7R, 1D, 1FL|
|1940||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D)|
|1941||Henrik Shipstead (R)||Joseph H. Ball (R)||8R, 1FL|
|1942||Arthur E. Nelson (R)|
|1943||Edward John Thye (R)|
|Edward John Thye (R)||Archie H. Miller (R)||Joseph H. Ball (R)|
|1944||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D)|
|1945||C. Elmer Anderson (R)||7R, 2DFL|
|1947||Luther Youngdahl (R)||Edward John Thye (R)||8R, 1DFL|
|1948||Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D)|
|1949||Hubert Humphrey (DFL)||5R, 4DFL|
|1951||C. Elmer Anderson (R)||vacant||Kristjan Valdimar Bjornson (R)||51C, 16L||87C, 44L|
|1952||H. H. Chesterman||Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R)|
|Virginia Paul Holm (R)|
|1953||Ancher Nelsen (R)||52C, 15L||85C, 46L|
|1954||Donald O. Wright (R)|
|1955||Orville Freeman (DFL)||Karl Rolvaag (DFL)||Joseph L. Donovan (DFL)||Miles W. Lord (DFL)||Arthur Hansen (DFL)||48C, 19L||66L, 65C||5DFL, 4R|
|1957||Kristjan Valdimar Bjornson (R)||70L, 61C|
|1959||43C, 24L||72L, 59C||Eugene McCarthy (DFL)||5R, 4DFL|
|1960||Walter Mondale (DFL)||John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)|
|1961||Elmer L. Andersen (R)||6R, 3DFL|
|1963||Karl Rolvaag (DFL)||Alexander M. Keith (DFL)||80C, 54L, 1I||4R, 4DFL|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)|
|Robert W. Mattson, Sr. (DFL)||Walter Mondale (DFL)|
|1965||44C, 23L||78C, 56L, 1I|
|1967||Harold LeVander (R)||James B. Goetz (R)||Douglas M. Head (R)||45C, 22L||93C, 42L||5R, 3DFL|
|1968||Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D)|
|1969||William J. O'Brien (R)||85C, 50L|
|1971||Wendell Anderson (DFL)||Rudy Perpich (DFL)||Arlen Erdahl (R)||Warren Spannaus (DFL)||Rolland F. Hatfield (R)||34C, 33L||70C, 65L||Hubert Humphrey (DFL)||4R, 4DFL|
|1972||Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)|
|1973||37DFL, 30R||77DFL, 57R|
|1975||Joan Growe (DFL)||Robert W. Mattson, Jr. (DFL)||Jim Lord (DFL)||38DFL, 28IR, 1I||104DFL, 30IR||5DFL, 3R|
|1976||103DFL, 31IR||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)|
|Rudy Perpich (DFL)||Alec G. Olson (DFL)||Wendell Anderson (DFL)|
|1977||49DFL, 18IR||104DFL, 30IR||4DFL, 4R|
|1978||48DFL, 19IR||99DFL, 35IR||Muriel Humphrey (DFL)|
|1979||Al Quie (IR)||Lou Wangberg (IR)||Arne Carlson (IR)||47DFL, 20IR||67DFL, 67IR||David Durenberger (R)||Rudy Boschwitz (R)|
|1980||45DFL, 22IR||68DFL, 66IR|
|1981||70DFL, 64IR||5R, 3DFL|
|1983||Rudy Perpich (DFL)||Marlene Johnson (DFL)||Skip Humphrey (DFL)||Robert W. Mattson, Jr. (DFL)||42DFL, 25IR||77DFL, 57IR||5DFL, 3R|
|1984||76DFL, 58IR||Walter Mondale and Geraldine Ferraro (D)|
|1985||42DFL, 24IR, 1I||69IR, 65DFL|
|1987||Michael McGrath (DFL)||47DFL, 20IR||83DFL, 51IR|
|1988||46DFL, 21IR||82DFL, 52IR||Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen (D)|
|1989||44DFL, 23IR||81DFL, 53IR|
|1991||Arne Carlson (IR/R)||Joanell Dyrstad (IR)||Mark Dayton (DFL)||46DFL, 21IR||Paul Wellstone (DFL)||6DFL, 2R|
|1992||78DFL, 56IR||Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)|
|1993||45DFL, 22IR||87DFL, 47IR|
|1995||Joanne Benson (IR/R)||Judi Dutcher (R)||43DFL, 24IR||71DFL, 63R||Rod Grams (R)|
|1996||42DFL, 25R||69DFL, 65IR|
|1997||42DFL, 24R, 1I||70DFL, 64R|
|1999||Jesse Ventura (Ref/I)||Mae Schunk (Ref/I)||Mary Kiffmeyer (R)||Mike Hatch (DFL)||Carol C. Johnson (DFL)||40DFL, 26R, 1I||71R, 63DFL|
|2000||Judi Dutcher (DFL)||41DFL, 25R, 1I||70R, 63DFL, 1I||Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D)|
|2001||39DFL, 27R, 1IPM||69R, 65DFL||Mark Dayton (DFL)||5DFL, 3R|
|Dean Barkley (I)|
|2003||Tim Pawlenty (R)||Carol Molnau (R)||Patricia Anderson (R)||office abolished||35DFL, 31R, 1IPM||81R, 53DFL||Norm Coleman (R)||4DFL, 4R|
|2004||John Kerry and John Edwards (D)|
|2006||37DFL, 29R, 1IPM|
|2007||Mark Ritchie (DFL)||Lori Swanson (DFL)||Rebecca Otto (DFL)||44DFL, 23R||85DFL, 49R||Amy Klobuchar (DFL)||5DFL, 3R|
|2008||Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)|
|45DFL, 22R||85DFL, 47R, 1IR, 1I|
|2009||46DFL, 21R||87DFL, 47R||Al Franken (DFL)|
|2011||Mark Dayton (DFL)||Yvonne Prettner Solon (DFL)||37R, 30DFL||72R, 62DFL||4DFL, 4R|
|2013||39DFL, 28R||73DFL, 61R||5DFL, 3R|
|2015||Tina Smith (DFL)||Steve Simon (DFL)||72R, 62DFL|
|2016||73R, 61DFL||Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine (D)|
|2017||34R, 33DFL||77R, 57DFL|
|2018||Michelle Fischbach (R)||33R, 33DFL||Tina Smith (DFL)|
|2019||Tim Walz (DFL)||Peggy Flanagan (DFL)||Keith Ellison (DFL)||Julie Blaha (DFL)||35R, 32DFL||75DFL, 55R, 4NR|
|Year||Governor||Lieutenant Governor||Secretary of State||Attorney General||Auditor||Treasurer||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class II)||U.S. House||Electoral College votes|
|Executive offices||State Legislature||United States Congress|
- Territorial governor appointed by President Zachary Taylor.
- Territorial governor appointed by President Franklin Pierce.
- Territorial governor appointed by President James Buchanan.
- Although legislators were elected, it was determined that an 1858-59 session was unnecessary due to the protracted length of the 1857-58 session; hence, these legislators never convened and were never sworn in.
- Resigned to become U.S. Senator.
- Succeeded to office following death or resignation of previous officeholder.
- Died in office.
- Appointed by governor to fill vacancy.
- Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
- Resigned following impeachment but before trial by Minnesota Senate.
- Nordby, Mary Jane Morrison. Foreword by Jack (2002). The Minnesota state constitution : a reference guide. Westport, Conn. [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. p. 10. ISBN 0-313-28411-3.
- Appointed by governor to fill vacancy. Later elected to office in his or her own right.
- Due to a constitutional amendment, effective with the election of 1878, terms for senators became four years.
- Due to a constitutional amendment, effective with the election of 1878, terms for representatives became two years.
- Elected a Republican President Pro Tempore, John B. Sanborn, and organized the chamber.
- A coalition of Democrats and members of the Farmers' Alliance organized the chamber and elected an Alliance Speaker, Ezra T. Champlin. 
- Succeeded to office following death or resignation of previous officeholder. Later elected to office in his or her own right.
- Had also been endorsed by the Populists and Silver Republicans.
- Resigned following appointment to Minnesota Supreme Court.
- After a constitutional amendment in 1912, the Minnesota Legislature was nonpartisan until 1973. It went into effect in 1915 Legislators caucused as "conservatives" and "liberals," roughly equivalent to Republicans and Democrats/Farmer Laborites.
- Served as acting lieutenant governor; never took the oath of office.
- Resigned to become Vice President of the United States.
- Resigned to become administrator of the Rural Electrification Administration.
- A recount and subsequent litigation lasting 139 days delayed Karl Rolvaag's inauguration as governor.
- A special election led to the composition in the 1978 session
- A series of special elections and party switches led to the composition in the 1978 session. 
- With the split chamber, a power-sharing agreement was negotiated. A Republican Speaker, Rod Searle, was elected, but Democrats received control of most committees. The tie was broken when a Republican, Robert Pavlak, was expelled from the chamber on May 19, 1979 on a party-line vote due to a legal and ethical violations. The agreement of shared-power held through the end of the year's session two days later, despite the Democrats' 67-66 majority. p. 24 
- Appointed by governor to fill vacancy, having already been elected to next full term.
- Two special elections led to the composition in the 1980 session
- A special election was held for Pavlak's seat in District 67A. A Democrat, Frank J. Rodriguez, Jr., was elected, giving the Democrats a constitutional majority. With that, they reorganized the chamber under their control in the 1980 session.  
- A special election led to the composition in the 1984 session
- A party switch from Republican to Independent by Charles Berg led to the composition in the 1985 session. 
- A party switch from Independent to DFL by Charles Berg led to the composition in the 1986 session. 
- A special election led to the composition in the 1988 session
- A special election led to the composition in the 1988 session
- Two special elections led to the composition in the 1989 session
- A special election led to the composition in the 1990 session
- Two special elections led to the composition in the 1992 session
- Two special election led to the composition in the 1996 session
- Dutcher switched parties in 2000
- A series of special elections and party switches led to the composition in the 2000 session. 
- A party switch from Republican to Independent by Doug Reuter led to the composition in the 2000 session. 
- Two special elections led to the composition in the 2002 session
- Two special elections led to the composition in the 2002 session
- In December 2007, Republican Tom Neuville resigned to accept a District Court appointment.
- In January 2008, Democrat Kevin Dahle was elected in a special election to succeed Republican Tom Neuville.
- In July 2008, Republican incumbent Ron Erhardt became an independent.
- A special election led to the composition in the 2009 session
- A special election led to the composition in the 2016 session
- A seat flipped from Democratic to Republican in February through a special election.
- Four Republicans announced on December 8, 2018, they would not join the Republican caucus in the 91st Legislature and would instead form their own caucus, the "New House Republican Caucus." Bakst, Brian (December 8, 2018). "Renegade House members split from GOP caucus". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved September 8, 2019.