Humor monastery and its fortified watchtower
Location in Suceava County
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Mănăstirea Humorului (German: Humora Kloster) is a commune located in Suceava County, Bukovina, northeastern Romania. It is composed of three villages: Mănăstirea Humorului, Pleșa and Poiana Micului. The 16th-century Humor Monastery is located in the commune.
Slovaks settled in Poiana Micului in 1841–1842. Later, part of the community migrated to other areas of Bukovina. The Austrian census of 1890 recorded 50.9% of villagers as Polish speakers. The 1930 Romanian census found 45.3% were ethnic Poles. In 1936, a Slovak Catholic priest arrived from Czechoslovakia and began preaching in Slovak. From that point, some villagers began to identify as Slovak, while others insisted on their Polish identity. The Romanian authorities were drawn in, sending a Slovak schoolteacher, while the Polish Legation at Bucharest intervened on the side of the Polish villagers.
A survey of Slavic villagers taken in autumn 1937 found 67.1% declaring as Poles, and 32.9% as Slovaks. In 1942, the Catholic bishop of Iași estimated that half his parishioners there were Poles, half Slovaks. The 1948 census found 256 (67.9%) Polish speakers in Poiana Micului, and a total of 12 Czech and Slovak speakers in all of Câmpulung County.
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||4|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||3|
|Save Romania Union (USR)||3|
|Union of Poles of Romania (UPR)||1|
|Humanist Power Party (PPU-SL)||1|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mănăstirea Humorului commune, Suceava.|
- "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- Blasen, pp. 134-35
- Blasen, p. 136
- Blasen, pp. 137-50
- Blasen, p. 166
- Blasen, p. 166
- "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Philippe Henri Blasen, ”Între poloni și slovaci: oscilarea națională în Poiana-Micului (1936–1942)”, in Anca Filipovici (ed.), Polonezii din România: repere identitare, pp. 133–74. Cluj-Napoca: Editura Institutului pentru Studierea Problemelor Minorităților Naționale, 2020, ISBN 978-606-8377-62-9