Piotr Jaroszewicz in 1977
|Prime Minister of Poland|
23 December 1970 – 18 February 1980
|First Secretary||Edward Gierek|
|Preceded by||Józef Cyrankiewicz|
|Succeeded by||Edward Babiuch|
|Born||8 October 1909|
Nieśwież, Minsk Governorate, Russian Empire (present-day Belarus)
|Died||1 September 1992 (aged 82)|
|Political party||Polish Workers' Party (until 1948)|
Polish United Workers' Party
Gen. Piotr Jaroszewicz (['pjɔtr jarɔˈʂɛvit͡ʂ] (listen); 8 October 1909 – 1 September 1992) was a post World War II Polish political figure. He served as the Prime Minister of Poland between 1970 and 1980. After he was forced out of office he lived quietly in a suburb of Warsaw until his brutal 1992 murder, which was solved as late as 2018.
Life and career
Jaroszewicz was born on 8 October 1909 in Nieśwież, in the Minsk Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Belarus). After finishing the secondary school in Jasło he started working as a teacher and headmaster in Garwolin. After the outbreak of World War II and the Nazi-Soviet alliance established by the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact he moved to Soviet-occupied zone of Poland. It has been claimed that he was a headmaster in Pinsk gymnasia. However, on 10 July 1940 he was deported to Slobodka, Krasnoborski raion, Arkhangelsk, from Stolin together with his first wife Oksana Gregorevna (born in Salov/Calow 1914) and daughter Olila (born 1940). In 1943 he joined the 1st Polish Army of Gen. Zygmunt Berling. The following year he joined the Polish Workers Party and was promoted to deputy political commander of the 1st Army.
After the war he became the deputy minister of defense (1945–1950). Since 1956 he was the Polish ambassador to COMECON. At the same time between 1952 and 1970 he served as a deputy Prime Minister of Poland and briefly (1954–1956) as the minister of mining industry. Jaroszewicz was a member of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party since its creation in 1948 and since 1964 he was also a member of the Political Bureau. From December 1970 until February 1980 he was the Prime Minister of Poland. The economical policies of Jaroszewicz and Edward Gierek led to a wave of protests in 1976 and 1980. In 1980 he gave up all his party posts and was expelled from the party the following year.
After his departure from office and the party, Jaroszewicz and second wife Alicja Solska settled in the Warsaw suburb of Anin. The couple largely kept to themselves and did not socialize much. Jaroszewicz was obsessed with security; he had a 3.3-meter (11 foot) fence topped with barbed wire installed around their villa. When he walked their Rottweiler, neighbors said, he often carried a pistol with him.
Despite these measures, their son Jan Jaroszewicz found the couple murdered when he entered the house on 3 September 1992. Poison gas had been used to incapacitate the dog. Jaroszewicz's body, found in his upstairs study, had the belt that had been used to strangle him intact secured by an antique ice axe from his collection. The attackers had also beaten him, yet bandaged those wounds as well.
Solska's body was right next to her husband's. Her hands had been tied behind her back, and she had been shot in the head at close range with one of the couple's hunting rifles. Investigators believe that she had earlier managed to injure one of the killers during a struggle with him or her, since blood from her and an unknown individual were found in another room in the house.
The killers appeared to have searched every room in the house. However, they only took what were presumed to have been documents from one safe. Valuable old coins and art were left behind, suggesting the thieves, despite what seemed to have been extensive preparation, were not motivated by financial gain.
Friends and family said that Jaroszewicz had been acting even more paranoid than usual in the days before the murders, which were determined to have occurred on 1 September, two days before the bodies were discovered. The killings received wide media attention in Poland, due both to Jaroszewicz's past leadership and the brutality of the crime, which had not been seen since World War II. In the absence of solid leads, theories circulated that the killers had been looking for information with which to blackmail Solidarity leaders, or victims of the Communist regime looking for revenge and/or evidence of past crimes. The three killers of Jaroszewicz and his wife were caught as late as March 2018. They were members of gang which committed several robberies in villas around area.
- Eastern, Northern & Central Europe. Annex: International Organisations. Walter de Gruyter. 2006. p. 820. ISBN 978-3-11-093910-1.
- Engelberg, Stephen (14 November 1992). "Warsaw Journal; Strange, Brutal Murders, and Everyone's Baffled". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Murder of a Polish ex-premier" [Убийство польского экс-премьера]. Kommersant (in Russian). 7 September 1992. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
Эксперты-криминалисты считают, что перед смертью Алиция успела ранить своего убийцу (в комнате найдена кровь двух групп).
| Prime Minister of Poland