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It is most common when a news or television show presenter is reporting or explaining items to the viewing audience. Indeed, news programmes usually take the form of a combination of both interviews and pieces to camera. There are three type of piece to camera:
- opening PTC - when presenter opens-up the news, and introduce himself/herself to the audience.
- bridge PTC - information that presenter gives to bridge the gap between empty space.
- conclusive or closing PTC - ending of news where the presenter acknowledge itself and the cameraman, place and the news channel.
The term also applies to the period when an actor, playing a fictional character in a film or on television, talks into the camera and hence directly to the audience. Depending on the genre of the show, this may or may not be considered as a breaking the fourth wall.