In the British Army, specialist Physical Training Instructors (PTIs) of the Royal Army Physical Training Corps are attached to individual units to oversee physical training and manage military gymnasiums. They are assisted by All Arm Physical Training Instructors (AAPTIs), previously known as Assistant Physical Training Instructors (APTIs), who have other jobs within their unit as well as being qualified, but not specialist, physical training instructors. The PTI badge consists of crossed swords.
Physical training instructors in the Royal Navy are officially titled Physical Trainers and are known as "club swingers" or "clubs" from the crossed clubs they wear as a rate badge. In the Royal Air Force, the PTI badge consists of crossed swords with an eagle in the centre.
The New Zealand Defence Force also employs Physical Training Instructors who bear the same symbols as their British counterparts. The New Zealand Army Physical Training Corps wear the crossed swords, Royal New Zealand Navy PTIs wear the crossed clubs, and Royal New Zealand Air Force PTIs wear the clubs and arms.
In March 2016, all Navy, Army and Air Force Physical Training Instructors were amalgamated into the new NZDF tri-service unit known as the Joint Operational Health Group.
NZDF PTIs use the motto Mens Sana In Corpore Sano, which roughly translates as "a healthy mind in a healthy body".
- "British Army Physical Training Instructor Course Overview". Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute. 31 March 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
- "Royal Army Physical Training Corps". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
- "Royal Navy School of Physical Training| Royal Navy". www.royalnavy.mod.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
- "RAF Recruitment | Physical Training Instructor | Royal Air Force". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
- Bogdanovic, Nikolai (19 December 2017). Fit to Fight: A History of the Royal Army Physical Training Corps 1860-2015. Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781472824219.
- Campbell, James D. (16 March 2016). 'The Army Isn't All Work': Physical Culture and the Evolution of the British Army, 1860–1920. Routledge. ISBN 9781317044536.
- Mason, Tony; Riedi, Eliza (4 November 2010). Sport and the Military: The British Armed Forces 1880–1960. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139788977.