Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. The species is fairly common throughout its range, but the Cebu race (O. s. assimilis) was last sighted in 1906 and is now classified as extinct.
Taxonomy and systematics
First described by Richard Bowdler Sharpe in 1877, the Philippine oriole is a member of the genus Oriolus. Some authorities have considered it to be conspecific with, or as a subspecies of, the dark-throated oriole. These two species may form a superspecies with the Isabela oriole.
- O. s. samarensis - Steere, 1890: Found on Samar, Leyte, Bohol and eastern Mindanao
- †Cebu dark-throated oriole (O. s. assimilis) - Tweeddale, 1878: Originally described as a separate species. Formerly found on Cebu
- O. s. steerii - Sharpe, 1877: Found on Masbate and Negros
- O. s. basilanicus - Ogilvie-Grant, 1896: Found on Basilan and western Mindanao
- O. s. cinereogenys - Bourns & Worcester, 1894: Found in the Sulu Archipelago.
The Philippine oriole is a yellowish-brown bird with mainly thin feathers on the upper side of its body, a red beak and red eyes as well.
Distribution and habitat
Endemic to the Philippines, the Philippine oriole is found in forest, forest edge and second growth in the lowlands of Masbate, Samar, Leyte, Semirara Island, Negros, Bohol, Mindanao, Basilan and the Sulu Archipelago.
Behaviour and ecology
This species, as much like with other orioles, tend to have a diet of mainly grass, flowers and similar food.
- BirdLife International (2016). "Oriolus steerii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22706372A94066348. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22706372A94066348.en.
- Arthur, Marquis of Tweedale (1877). "Contribution to the Ornithology of the Philippines, No. II". Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1877. London, England: Zoological Society of London. p. 760.
- Sibley, Charles Gald; Monroe, Burt Leavelle (1990). Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press. p. 478. ISBN 978-0-300-04969-5.
- "Dark-throated Oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus)". www.hbw.com. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
- "IOC World Bird List 7.1". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.7.1.