Philip Frederick Wright James (May 17, 1890 – November 1, 1975) was an American composer, conductor and music educator.
James was born in Jersey City, New Jersey. At an early age he began piano, violin and theory lessons, and served as choirboy in several New Jersey churches. From 1904 to 1909 he studied organ with J. Warren Andrews and in 1907 began advanced harmony and counterpoint lessons with Homer Norris. He also studied composition with Rubin Goldmark, Elliott Schenck, and Rosario Scalero, as well as organ with Joseph Bonnet and Alexandre Guilmant in Paris.
In World War I James played in and subsequently became bandleader of the American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Band. Victor Herbert heard his work with the band and upon James' discharge from the Army hired him as musical director for his musical comedy My Golden Girl. James conducted the Victor Herbert Opera Company from 1919 to 1922.
In 1922 James co-founded and became the first conductor of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra. From 1929 to 1936 James was conductor of the Bamberger Little Symphony, broadcast weekly over radio station WOR in New York.
In 1923 James began a long teaching career at New York University, serving as head of the music department from 1934-1956. His students at NYU included Milton Babbitt, Bernard Herrmann, and Marvin David Levy.
From 1929 to 1936 James was conductor of the Bamberger Little Symphony, broadcast weekly over radio station WOR in New York. In 1932 he won a $5000 prize from NBC for his satirical composition Station WGZBX, which subsequently received performances by many major orchestras. Other prize-winning compositions from the 1930s include his Bret Harte Overture, Suite for String Orchestra, and Song of the Night.
Though he remained active as a composer until his death in 1975, James' larger-scale compositions were infrequently played after the mid-twentieth century. However several of his early sacred compositions, including Meditation a Ste. Clotilde for organ and the anthem By the Waters of Babylon remain in the sacred repertoire.
- Song of the Night (1931)
- Station WGZBX (1932)
- Bret Harte Overture (1934)
- Sinfonietta (1938)
- Brennan on the Moor (1940)
- Symphony #1 (1943)
- Symphony #2 (1946)
- Miniver Cheevy (1947)
- Richard Cory (1947)
- Overture to a Greek Play (1952)
- Colonel Averill March (1917)
- Festal March "Perstare et Praestare" (1942)
- E.F.G. Overture (1944)
- Fanfare and Ceremonial (1955)
- String Quartet (1924)
- Kammersymphonie (1926)
- Suite for String Orchestra (1933)
- Suite for Woodwind Quintet (1936)
- Piano Quartet (1937)
- Twelve Piano Preludes (1951)
- Meditation a Sainte Clotilde (1916)
- First Organ Sonata (1929)
- Pantomime (1941)
- Galarnad (1946)
- Alleluia-Toccata (1949)
- Pastorale (1949)
- Solemn Prelude (1956)
- By the Waters of Babylon (1920)
- General William Booth Enters into Heaven (1932)
- Psalm 150 (1940)
- Psalm 149 (1959)
- Chorus of Shepherds and Angels (1956)
- To Cecilia (1966)