Phan Phiphop Lila Bridge
|Crosses||Khlong Khu Mueang Doem|
|Official name||Phan Phiphop Lila Bridge|
|Opened||15 November 1906|
Phan Phiphop Lila Bridge (Thai: สะพานผ่านพิภพลีลา; RTGS: Saphan Phan Phiphop Lila; 'King's Cross Bridge' [a]) is a bridge across Khlong Khu Mueang Doem (Thai: คลองคูเมืองเดิม), or old moat, in Phra Nakhon District, Bangkok. The bridge connects Thanon Ratchadamnoen Nai (Inner Ratchadamnoen Road) with Thanon Ratchadamnoen Klang (Central Ratchadamnoen Road).
Following the construction of Makkhawan Rangsan Bridge (Thai: สะพานมัฆวานรังสรรค์; 'Bridge by the God Indra') in 1809, the construction of Phan Phiphop Lila Bridge began in 1902 at the command of King Chulalongkorn who desired to have an elegant bridge connected with the newly built Thanon Ratchadamnoen Nai. Construction was completed in 1906. King Chulalongkorn presided over the opening ceremony on 15 November 1906, at which time the name "Phan Phiphop Lila" was also declared.
The bridge was originally decorated with attractive wrought iron, but these were moved to a pedestrian bridge located next to the tramway bridge between Sanam Luang and Chakrabongse Road when the bridge was enlarged in 1941. In 1971, the Sa-nga Phanit Co., Ltd. (Thai: บริษัท สง่าพานิช จำกัด) was the main contractor for the Phan Phiphop Lila Bridge extension over Khlong Khu Mueang Doem [a] to match the new Phra Pin-klao Bridge
a The northern part of "Khlong Khu Mueang Doem" was formerly known as "Khlong Rongmai" (Thai: คลองโรงไหม). "Khlong Khu Mueang Doem" is also called popularly "Khlong Lord" (Thai: คลองหลอด). b Both the names "Phan Phiphop Lila" and "Phan Fa Lilat" mean a 'king's cross', 'king's walk', or 'king's movement'. But, literally, "Phan Phiphop Lila" means '[the bridge on which] the Ruler of the Universe gracefully walks' and "Phan Fa Lilat" means '[the bridge on which] the Lord of Heaven majestically walks'.
- Lak Mueang, Sunday 20th October 1940, p.2 (https://rmda.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/item/rb00000074)
- Special supplement of The Nation newspaper. 24 September 1973, p. 12.
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