|Died||2 April 1925 (aged 84)|
|Resting place||Eternitatea Cemetery, Iași|
|Alma mater||University of Paris|
|Occupation||Chemist, mineralogist, politician|
|Title||Minister of Religious Affairs and Education|
Mayor of Iași
|Political party||National Liberal Party|
Born into a family of răzeși (free peasants) in Săcărești, Iași County, he attended primary school in Târgu Frumos. In 1852, he enrolled in Academia Mihăileană; among his teachers were August Treboniu Laurian and Simion Bărnuțiu. He entered the University of Paris in 1865, studying chemistry there. He returned home following graduation, teaching physics and chemistry at Iași's National College and at the military high school. In 1878, he became a professor at the University of Iași, at first teaching at the medicine and science faculties, later only in the mineral chemistry department of the latter. He served as Religious Affairs and Education Minister three times: in 1891, 1895-1896 and in 1918. A bitter rival of his was the Conservative Titu Maiorescu, and he was obliged to leave the Liberal cabinet in 1896 after a dispute related to the Romanian Orthodox Church. When not in government, he continued to work in his chemistry laboratory in Iași.
- Aniversări culturale, p. 187. Bucharest: Biblioteca Centrală de Stat a Republicii Socialiste România, 1975
- (in Romanian) Constantin A. Dissescu, Note biografice, Universul Literar, nr. 19/4 May 1930, year XLVI, p. 291
- (in Romanian) Membrii Academiei Române din 1866 până în prezent at the Romanian Academy site
- (in Romanian) Președinți ai Academiei Române (1867-1901) at the Romanian Academy site
- (in Romanian) Preşedinţi ai Academiei Române (1901-1959) at the Romanian Academy site
- Aurel Sasu (ed.), Dicționarul biografic al literaturii române, vol. I, p. 433. Pitești: Editura Paralela 45, 2004. ISBN 973-697-758-7
- "Cimitirul Eternitatea". www.spiasi.ro (in Romanian). Servicii Publice Iași. Retrieved January 19, 2021.