Peter Lawford in 1955
Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen
7 September 1923
|Died||24 December 1984 (aged 61)|
Los Angeles, California, US
|Occupation||Actor, film producer, socialite|
Patricia Helen Kennedy
(m. 1954; div. 1966)
(m. 1971; div. 1975)
(m. 1976; div. 1977)
Patricia Seaton (m. 1984)
|Children||4, including Christopher Lawford|
|Parent(s)||Sir Sydney Lawford|
May Sommerville Bunny
|Relatives||John F. Kennedy (brother-in-law)|
Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford (born Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen; 7 September 1923 – 24 December 1984) was an English actor, producer, and socialite, who lived in the United States throughout his adult life.
He was a member of the "Rat Pack" and the brother-in-law of President John F. Kennedy and senators Robert F. Kennedy and Edward Kennedy. From the 1940s to the 1960s, he was a well-known celebrity and starred in a number of highly acclaimed films. In later years, he was noted more for his off-screen activities as a celebrity than for his acting; it was said that he was "famous for being famous".
Born in London in 1923, he was the only child of Lieutenant General Sir Sydney Turing Barlow Lawford, KBE (1865–1953) and May Sommerville Bunny (1883–1972). At the time of Peter's birth, however, his mother was married to Lieutenant colonel Dr Ernest Vaughn Aylen D.S.O, one of Sir Sydney's officers, while his father was married to Muriel Williams. At the time, May and Ernest Aylen were living apart. May confessed to Aylen that the child was not his, a revelation that resulted in a double divorce. Sydney and May wed in September 1924 after their divorces were finalised and when their son was one year old.
Lawford's family was connected to the English aristocracy through his uncle Ernest Lawford's wife (a daughter of the 14th Earl of Eglinton) as well as his aunt Ethel Turner Lawford (who married a son of the 1st Baron Avebury). His aunt, Jessie Bruce Lawford, another of his father's sisters, was the second wife of the Hon Hartley Williams, senior puisne judge of the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, Australia. A relative, through his mother, was Australian artist Rupert Bunny.
He spent his early childhood in France and, owing to his family's travels, was never formally educated. Instead, he was schooled by governesses and tutors, and his education included tennis and ballet lessons.
"In the beginning," his mother observed, "he had no homework. When he was older he had Spanish, German and music added to his studies. He read only selected books: English fairy stories, English and French classics; no crime stories. Having studied Peter for so long, I decided he was quite unfitted for any career except art, so I cut Latin, Algebra, high mathematics and substituted dramatics instead."
Because of the widely varying national and religious backgrounds of his tutors, Lawford "attended various services in churches, cathedrals, synagogues and for some time was an usher in a Christian Science Sunday School...."
At the age of 14, Lawford severely injured his right arm in an accident when it went through a glass door. Irreversible nerve damage severely compromised the use of his forearm and hand , which he later learned to conceal. The injury was judged to be serious enough to prevent his entry into the armed forces, which his parents had planned. Instead, Lawford pursued a career as an actor, a decision that resulted in one of his aunts refusing to leave him her considerable fortune, as she had originally planned.
In 1938, Lawford was travelling through Hollywood when spotted by a talent scout. He was screen tested and made his Hollywood debut in a minor part in the film Lord Jeff starring Freddie Bartholomew.
The outbreak of World War II found the Lawfords in Florida. In a matter of days, they realized that they had been stranded. Their money was in Britain and Britain was at war. Their assets were frozen. Peter, then 16, took a job parking cars. When he saved enough money for the fare, he went back to Hollywood where he supported himself working as a theater usher until he began to get film work.
Extra work and bit parts
The advent of World War II saw an increase in British war stories and Lawford found himself in demand playing military personnel, albeit usually in uncredited parts. He could be glimpsed in Mrs. Miniver (1942) and Eagle Squadron (1942), both times as pilots.
Lawford was a cadet in Thunder Birds: Soldiers of the Air (1942) and Junior Army (1942) (starring Bartholomew), a soldier in Random Harvest (1942), Immortal Sergeant (1942), and London Blackout Murders (1943) (directed by George Sherman), and a navigator in Assignment in Brittany (1943). He had a billed part in The Purple V (1943).
At MGM he was a student in Above Suspicion (1943), a soldier in Pilot #5 (1943), a naval commander in The Sky's the Limit (1943) (with Fred Astaire), and an Australian in The Man from Down Under (1943). He had a minor role at Republic's Someone to Remember (1943) and The West Side Kid (1943), the latter directed by Sherman.
Lawford played a soldier in Sahara (1943) and sailors in Sherlock Holmes Faces Death (1943) and Corvette K-225 (1943). He was a Frenchman in Paris After Dark (1943) and Flesh and Fantasy (1943), and was a student in MGM's Girl Crazy (1943) and The Adventures of Mark Twain (1944).
Lawford's career stepped up a notch when signed to a long term contract to MGM in June 1943. The studio signed him with a specific role in mind - The White Cliffs of Dover (1944), in which he played a young soldier during the Second World War. The film was very popular.
MGM gave him another important role in The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945).
Lawford's first leading role came in Son of Lassie (1945), a big hit.
Lawford was put in a Kathryn Grayson-June Allyson musical, Two Sisters from Boston (1946) which was very popular. Ernst Lubitsch used him at Fox in Cluny Brown (1946) where he was billed after Charles Boyer and Jennifer Jones.
He won a Modern Screen magazine readers' poll as the most popular actor in Hollywood of 1946. His fan mail jumped to thousands of letters a week. With actors such as Clark Gable and James Stewart away at war, Lawford was recognised as a new romantic lead on the MGM lot.
Lawford made My Brother Talks to Horses (1947) with Jackie Butch Jenkins, an early work of Fred Zinnemann which was a big flop. He was reunited with Grayson in It Happened in Brooklyn (1947), which also starred Frank Sinatra. Lawford received rave reviews for his work in the film, while Sinatra's were lukewarm.
Lawford later admitted that the most terrifying experience of his career was the first musical number he performed in the musical Good News (1947), the film he starred in alongside Allyson. Using an American accent for his role, he won acclaim as a performer.
He was Esther Williams' leading man in On an Island with You (1948) and supported Fred Astaire and Judy Garland in Easter Parade (1948), a huge hit, and Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon in Julia Misbehaves (1948), also popular.
He played Laurie in MGM's version of Little Women (1949) alongside Allyson and Elizabeth Taylor. He was billed beneath Pidgeon and Ethel Barrymore in the anti-Communist The Red Danube (1949) and was one of Deborah Kerr's leading men in Please Believe Me (1951).
Lawford had a regular role on a TV sitcom, Dear Phoebe (1954–55) but the show only ran 32 episodes.
When it ended he resumed guest starring on shows like Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre, Screen Directors Playhouse , Schlitz Playhouse again, Playhouse 90, Producers' Showcase (a version of Ruggles of Red Gap), several episodes of Studio 57, Climax! and Goodyear Theatre.
Lawford had another starring role on a TV series, The Thin Man (1957–59) with Phyllis Kirk, an NBC series from MGM based on the novel by Dashiell Hammett. It was more successful running for 72 episodes.
Frank Sinatra and the Rat Pack
Peter Lawford and Sinatra appeared in Oceans 11 (1960). Lawford had been first told of the basic story of the film by director Gilbert Kay, who heard the idea from a gas station attendant. Lawford eventually bought the rights in 1958, imagining William Holden in the lead. Sinatra became interested in the idea, and a variety of writers worked on the project.
Lawford played a British soldier in the acclaimed Israeli-set drama Exodus (1960) for Otto Preminger and had a cameo in Pepe (1960). In 1960, he became an American citizen and assisted on his brother-in-law's successful presidential election.
In 1961, Lawford and his manager Milt Ebbins formed Chrislaw Productions, which was named after Peter's son Christopher. It signed a three year deal with United Artists to make three features and two TV series for $10 million. William Asher was to be executive producer. Their first project was to be a remake of the old silent film The Great Train Robbery. That film was not made; however they did produce the 1963 action film Johnny Cool starring Henry Silva and Elizabeth Montgomery.
Lawford was Bette Davis' leading man in Dead Ringer (1964) and guest starred on The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, Profiles in Courage (as General Alexander William Doniphan), Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre and Run for Your Life.
By now Lawford had fallen out with Sinatra — who replaced him in Robin and the 7 Hoods (1964) with Bing Crosby — but Davis remained loyal and got Lawford a support role in A Man Called Adam (1966). He and Patrica Kennedy divorced in 1966.
He produced a film starring himself and Davis, Salt and Pepper (1968) and had support roles in Skidoo (1968) for Preminger, Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell (1968), Hook, Line and Sinker (1969) with Jerry Lewis, and The April Fools (1969).
Salt and Pepper was popular enough for Lawford to raise money for a sequel, One More Time (1970) directed by Lewis. He supported George Hamilton in Togetherness (1970) and guest starred several times on Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In. In 1971 he would marry Rowan's daughter Mary.
Lawford's films included A Step Out of Line (1971), Clay Pigeon (1971), and The Deadly Hunt (1971). He had the lead role in Ellery Queen: Don't Look Behind You and guest starred on Bewitched and The Virginian. In 1971 he appeared as Ben Hunter on "The Men From Shiloh" (rebranded name for The Virginian) in the episode titled "The Town Killer." He had a semi recurring role in The Doris Day Show (1971–72) and even directed an episode.
He returned to MGM for They Only Kill Their Masters (1972), which reunited him with several former MGM contract players.
Lawford was in The Phantom of Hollywood (1974), the pilot for Born Free, Rosebud (1975) for Preminger, Won Ton Ton: The Dog Who Saved Hollywood (1976), Hawaii Five-O, Fantasy Island, The Love Boat , Angels' Brigade (1979), Highcliffe Manor, Supertrain, Mysterious Island of Beautiful Women (1979), Gypsy Angels (1980), Body and Soul (1981), and episodes of The Jeffersons.
His first marriage, in 1954, was to socialite Patricia Kennedy, a younger sister of then-US Senator John F. Kennedy (D-MA). They had four children: a son, actor and author Christopher Lawford (1955−2018), and daughters Sydney Maleia Lawford (b. 1956), Victoria Francis Lawford (b. 1958), and Robin Elizabeth Lawford (b. 1961).
Lawford, born in London, became an American citizen on 23 April 1960. He had prepared for this in time to vote for his brother-in-law in the upcoming presidential election. Lawford, along with other members of the "Rat Pack", helped campaign for Kennedy and the Democratic Party. Sinatra famously dubbed him "Brother-in-Lawford" at this time. Lawford and Patricia Kennedy divorced in February 1966.
Lawford was originally cast as Alan A. Dale in the film Robin and the 7 Hoods but was replaced by Bing Crosby following a break in Frank Sinatra's relationship with Lawford. The break stemmed from a scheduled visit to Sinatra's home by Lawford's brother-in-law, President Kennedy, during a 1962 West Coast trip. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who had long been concerned about Sinatra's rumoured ties with underworld figures, encouraged the President to change his plans and stay at Crosby's home, which (it was maintained) could provide better security for the President. The change came at the last minute, after Sinatra had made extensive arrangements for the promised and eagerly awaited presidential visit, including the construction of a helipad, which he later destroyed in a fit of rage. Sinatra was furious, believing that Lawford had failed to intercede with the Kennedys on his behalf, and banished him from the Rat Pack.
Sinatra and Lawford's friendship was over. They only spoke when Sinatra called after his son Frank Sinatra Jr. was kidnapped on 8 December 1963, and he needed the help of Lawford's brother-in-law Robert Kennedy, then Attorney General. With the exception of Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey's 1968 presidential race, Sinatra never endorsed another Democratic candidate. Crosby, a staunch Republican, ended up cast in Lawford's role.
Lawford married his second wife, Mary Rowan, daughter of comedian Dan Rowan, in October 1971. Rowan and Lawford separated two years later and divorced in January 1975. In June 1976 he married aspiring actress Deborah Gould, whom he had known for three weeks. Lawford and Gould separated two months after marrying and divorced in 1977. Following the divorce, Lawford moved into the Sierra Towers where he lived for the next few years on the thirtieth floor. During his separation from Gould, Lawford met Patricia Seaton who became his fourth and final wife in July 1984, just months before his death.
Lawford died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles on Christmas Eve 1984, aged 61, from cardiac arrest. He had suffered from kidney and liver failure after years of substance abuse. His body was cremated, and his ashes were interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery. Owing to a dispute between his widow and the cemetery, Lawford's ashes were removed from the cemetery in 1988 and scattered into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California by his widow Patricia Seaton Lawford, who invited the National Enquirer tabloid to photograph the event.
A plaque bearing Lawford's name was erected at Westwood Village Memorial Park.
|1930||Poor Old Bill||Horace|
|1931||A Gentleman of Paris||Child||Uncredited|
|1938||Lord Jeff||Benny Potter|
|1942||A Yank at Eton||Ronnie Kenvil|
|1942||Thunder Birds||English Cadet||Uncredited|
Alternative title: Soldiers of the Air
|1942||Junior Army||Cadet Wilbur|
|1943||London Blackout Murders||Percy – Soldier on Train||Uncredited|
|1943||Assignment in Brittany||Navigator||Uncredited|
|1943||The Purple V||Roger|
|1943||Flesh and Fantasy||Pierrot (Episode 1)||Uncredited|
|1943||Pilot No. 5||British Soldier||Uncredited|
|1943||The Sky's the Limit||Naval Commander||Uncredited|
|1943||The Man from Down Under||Mr. Jones||Uncredited|
|1943||Someone to Remember||Joe Downes||Alternative title: Gallant Thoroughbred|
|1943||The West Side Kid||Jerry Winston|
|1943||Sherlock Holmes Faces Death||Young Sailor at Bar||Uncredited|
|1943||Corvette K-225||Naval Officer||Uncredited|
|1943||Paris After Dark||Frenchman||Uncredited|
|1944||The Adventures of Mark Twain||Young Oxford Celebrant||Uncredited|
|1944||The White Cliffs of Dover||John Ashwood II as a Young Man|
|1944||The Canterville Ghost||Anthony de Canterville|
|1944||Mrs. Parkington||Lord Thornley|
|1945||The Picture of Dorian Gray||David Stone|
|1945||Son of Lassie||Joe Carraclough|
|1945||Ziegfeld Follies||Porky in "Number Please"||Voice, Uncredited|
|1945||Perfect Strangers||Introduction – USA Version||Uncredited|
Alternative title: Vacation from Marriage
|1946||Two Sisters from Boston||Lawrence Tyburn Patterson, Jr.|
|1946||Cluny Brown||Andrew Carmel|
|1947||My Brother Talks to Horses||John S. Penrose|
|1947||It Happened in Brooklyn||Jamie Shellgrove|
|1947||Good News||Tommy Marlowe|
|1948||On an Island with You||Lt. Lawrence Y. Kingslee|
|1948||Easter Parade||Jonathan Harrow III|
|1948||Julia Misbehaves||Ritchie Lorgan|
|1949||Little Women||Theodore "Laurie" Laurence|
|1949||The Red Danube||Major John "Twingo" McPhimister|
|1950||Please Believe Me||Jeremy Taylor|
|1951||Royal Wedding||Lord John Brindale||Alternative title: Wedding Bells|
|1952||Just This Once||Mark MacLene IV|
|1952||Kangaroo||Richard Connor||Alternative title: The Australian Story|
|1952||You for Me||Tony Brown|
|1952||The Hour of 13||Nicholas Revel|
|1953||Rogue's March||Capt. Dion Lenbridge / Pvt. Harry Simms|
|1954||It Should Happen to You||Evan Adams III|
|1959||Never So Few||Capt. Grey Travis||Alternative title: Campaign Burma|
|1960||Ocean's 11||Jimmy Foster|
|1962||Sergeants 3||Sgt. Larry Barrett|
|1962||Advise & Consent||Senator Lafe Smith|
|1962||The Longest Day||Brigadier Lord Lovat|
|1963||Johnny Cool||Executive producer|
|1964||Dead Ringer||Tony Collins||Alternative title: Dead Image|
|1966||The Oscar||Steve Marks|
|1966||A Man Called Adam||Manny|
|1967||Dead Run||Stephen Daine||Alternative title: Geheimnisse in goldenen Nylons|
|1968||Quarta parete||Papá Baroni|
|1968||Salt and Pepper||Christopher Pepper||Executive producer|
|1968||Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell||Justin Young|
|1969||Hook, Line & Sinker||Dr. Scott Carter|
|1969||The April Fools||Ted Gunther|
|1970||One More Time||Christopher Pepper / Lord Sydney Pepper||Executive producer|
|1970||Togetherness||Prince Solomon Justiani|
|1971||Clay Pigeon||Government Agent||Alternative title: Trip to Kill|
|1972||They Only Kill Their Masters||Lee Campbell|
|1974||That's Entertainment!||Himself (Co-Host)|
|1976||Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood||Slapstick Star|
|1979||Angels Revenge||Burke||Alternative title: Angels' Brigade|
Seven from Heaven
|1981||Body and Soul||Big Man|
|1984||Where Is Parsifal?||Montague Chippendale||(final film role)|
|1953||General Electric Theater||John||Episode: "Woman's World"|
|1953–1954||The Ford Television Theatre||Various roles||3 episodes|
|1954–1955||Dear Phoebe||Bill Hastings||32 episodes|
|1954–1957||Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||Various roles||3 episodes|
|1955||Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre||Stephen||Episode: "Stephen and Publius Cyrus"|
|1955||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Charlie Raymond||Episode: "The Long Shot"|
|1955||Screen Directors Playhouse||Tom Macy||Episode: "Tom and Jerry"|
|1956||Playhouse 90||Willis Wayde||Episode: "Sincerely, Willis Wade"|
|1956–1957||Studio 57||Various roles||2 episodes|
|1957||Producers' Showcase||Lord Brinstead||Episode: "Ruggles of Red Gap"|
|1957||Climax!||Tom Welles||Episode: "Bait for the Tiger"|
|1957–1959||The Thin Man||Nick Charles||72 episodes|
|1958||The Bob Cummings Show||Himself||Episode: "Bob Judges a Beauty Pageant"|
|1959||Goodyear Theatre||Major John Marshall||Episode: "Point of Impact"|
|1961||The Jack Benny Program||Lord Milbeck||Episode: "English Sketch"|
|1962||Theatre '62||Glen Morley||Episode: "The Farmer's Daughter"|
|1965||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Ernie Mullett||Episode: "Crimson Witness"|
|1965||Profiles in Courage||General Alexander William Doniphan||Episode: "General Alexander William Doniphan"|
|1965||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Lt. Philip Cannon||Episode: "March From Camp Tyler"|
|1966||Run for Your Life||Larry Carter||Episode: "Carnival Ends at Midnight"|
|1966||The Wild Wild West||Carl Jackson||Episode: "The Night of The Returning Dead"|
|1967||How I Spent My Summer Vacation||Ned Pine||Television film|
|1967||I Spy||Hackaby||Episode: "Get Thee to a Nunnery"|
|1971||A Step Out of Line||Art Stoyer||Television film|
|1971||The Virginian||Ben Hunter||Episode: "The Town Killer"|
|1971||Ellery Queen: Don't Look Behind You||Ellery Queen||Television film|
|1971–1973||The Doris Day Show||Dr. Peter Lawrence||8 episodes|
|1972||Bewitched||Harrison Woolcott||Episode: "Serena's Richcraft"|
|1974||The Phantom of Hollywood||Roger Cross||Television film|
|1974||Born Free||John Forbes||Episode: Pilot|
|1977–1982||Fantasy Island||Various roles||4 episodes|
|1978||Hawaii Five-O||Kenneth Kirk||Episode: "Frozen Assets"|
|1979||The Love Boat||Teddy Smith||Episode: "Murder on the High Seas/Sounds of Silence/Cyrano de Bricker"|
|1979||Highcliffe Manor||Narrator||6 episodes|
|1979||Supertrain||Quentin Fuller||Episode: "A Very Formal Heist"|
|1979||Mysterious Island of Beautiful Women||Gordon Duvall||Television film|
|1981||The Jeffersons||Museum Guide (Voice)||Episode: "The House That George Built"|
|1949||Lux Radio Theatre||Green Dolphin Street|
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- (Hischak 2008, p. 420)
- Obituary Variety, 26 December 1984.
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- (Lawford 1986, p. 48)
- "Peter Lawford - Biography & History - AllMusic". AllMusic.
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- (Spada 1991, p. 65)
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- Zylstra, Freida (2 May 1948). "Peter Lawford". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. F20.
- Van Atta, Burr. Peter Lawford Is Dead; Actor on Film and TV Philadelphia Inquirer; date=25 December 1984: A1. Subscription required.
- "Peter Lawford". Chicago Daily Tribune. 3 March 1946. p. F9.
- "Alice Faye to Return in 'Frisco' Feature 'Hattie' Work Resumed Glider Yarn Announced Three Holt Films Set Texas 'Find' Gets Role Rowe to Screen-Debut". Los Angeles Times. 7 April 1942. p. A8.
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study
- "Peter Lawford". IMDb. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- The LIFE STORY of Peter LAWFORD. Picture Show; London Vol. 51, Iss. 1309, (Feb 22, 1947): 12.
- The Life Story of PETER LAWFORD. Picture Show; London Vol. 62, Iss. 1617, (Mar 27, 1954): 12.
- "Universal to Make 'Chamber of Horrors' – Bogart Ban Lifted – 4 New Films This Week". The New York Times. 7 June 1943. p. 9.
- "Bing Crosby to Star in Musical 'California' for Paramount -- Tugent to Produce FRONTIER BADMEN' IS DUE Western Opens at Rialto Friday -- 'This Is Army' Plays to Large Crowds in 2d Week". The New York Times. 9 August 1943. p. 22.
- (Spada 1991, p. 111)
- "Actor Peter Lawford, TV's 'Thin Man'". Chicago Tribune. 25 December 1984. p. C10.
- Schallert, Edwin (14 March 1952). "Peter Lawford Pursues Comedy Destiny; Flashy Dietrich Tour Planned". Los Angeles Times. p. B7.
- "Rogue's March", Turner Classic Monthly accessed 28 April 2015
- Page, Eleanor (13 February 1954). "Actor Peter Lawford to Wed Miss Kennedy". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 13.
- Peter Lawford Buys 'Thin Man' The Washington Post and Times Herald 03 November 1958: B6.
- pp.117–121 Levy, Shawn Rat Pack Confidential 1998 Fourth Estate Ltd
- (Spada 1991, p. 213)
- "Peter Lawford Takes Oath of Citizenship". Los Angeles Times. 23 April 1960. p. 38.
- (Spada 1991, p. 339)
- "LAWFORD'S FIRM IN DEAL WITH U.A.: To Produce Theatrical and TV Films Over 3 Years". The New York Times. 5 June 1961. p. 38.
- Peter Lawford's 'Johnny Cool' The Christian Science Monitor 7 October 1963: 10.
- "Peter Lawford Surprised At Swiftness of Court Action". Madera Tribune. United Press International. 2 February 1966. p. 14.
- Martin, Betty (21 April 1967). "Peter Lawford in 'Dead Run'". Los Angeles Times. p. D11.
- Humphrey, Hal (15 February 1968). "Peter Lawford Back in Town". Los Angeles Times. p. D16.
- Boyes, Malcolm (14 January 1985). "The Passing of Peter Lawford Rekindles Memories of the Joys and Sadness of a Camelot Lost". People. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "Kennedy clan a US dynasty". The Courier-News. Bridgewater, New Jersey. 26 April 1984. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- (Spada 1991, p. 233)
- (Spada 1991, p. 228)
- (Schroeder 2004, pp. 81–82)
- (Spada 1991, p. 207)
- (Rorabaugh 2002, p. 146)
- (Spada 1991, p. 366)
- (Spada 1991, pp. 292–93)
- (Spada 1991, p. 294)
- (Spada 1991, pp. 410, 408)
- (Spada 1991, p. 433)
- (Bly 1999, pp. 187–88)
- (Spada 1991, p. 468)
- (Spada 1991, p. 469)
- (Spada 1991, pp. 470–71)
- "Peter Lawford | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. 8 February 1960. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (2): 40–41. Spring 2013.
- Kirby, Walter (22 November 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 46. Retrieved 8 July 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Aaker, Everett (2006). Encyclopedia of Early Television Crime Fighters: All Regular Cast Members in American Crime and Mystery Series, 1948–1959. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2476-1.
- Bly, Nellie (1999), The Kennedy Men: Three Generations of Sex, Scandal and Secrets, E-Reads Ltd., ISBN 0-7592-1233-3
- Hischak, Thomas S. (2008), The Oxford Companion to the American Musical:Theatre, Film, and Television: Theatre, Film, and Television, Branden Pub Co, ISBN 0-195-33533-3
- Lawford, May (1986), Bitch! The Autobiography of Lady Lawford, Branden Pub Co, ISBN 0-828-31995-2
- Lawford, May; Galon, Buddy (1986). The Autobiography of Lady Lawford As Told to Buddy Galon. Brookline, Mass.: Branden Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8283-1995-2.
- Rorabaugh, W.J. (2002), Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-81617-3
- Schroeder, Alan (2004), Celebrity-in-Chief: How Show Business Took Over the White House, Westview Press, ISBN 0-8133-4137-X
- Seaton, Patricia (1988). The Peter Lawford Story. New York: Carroll and Graf. ISBN 0-515-10264-4.
- Spada, James (1991), Peter Lawford: The Man Who Kept the Secrets, Bantam Books, ISBN 0-553-07185-8
- Wayne, Jane Ellen (2006), The Leading Men of MGM, Carroll & Graf, ISBN 0-7867-1768-8
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