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Peter Dominic Clift
|Alma mater||University of Oxford, University of Edinburgh|
|Fields||Earth sciences, geophysics, oceanography|
|Institutions||University of Aberdeen, University of Bremen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Chinese Academy of Science|
Peter Clift is a British marine geologist and geophysicist specializing in the geology of Asia and the western Pacific. He is currently the Charles T. McCord Professor of Petroleum Geology at Louisiana State University, which he joined in 2012.
Clift is a geologist who applies marine geophysical, geochemical and classical geological methods to understand the history of geological basins over the last 50 million years. In particular, he works on understanding the relationships between mountain building in the Himalaya and Tibet Plateau and the intensification of the Asian monsoon. Clift has worked on evolution the Indus River, which he dated to being older than 45 million years. He has proposed that the Indus captured the four major rivers of the Punjab region into its basin after around 5 million years ago. Prior to this time the Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Jellum Rivers would have flowed eastwards into the Ganges River, not westwards into the Indus. A project funded by the Leverhulme Trust allowed his to show that the reorganisation of rivers in SW Asia greatly predated the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization. He showed that a river, possibly the mythical Sarasvati River used to flow from the region of Chandigarh in Punjab (India) but ceased to flow after 4500 years ago, possibly due to weakening of the monsoon.
Clift has also used the sediment records of the South China Sea to propose a start to the monsoon after 24 million years ago, compared to the more popular 8 million year age. He is involved with efforts to have the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program collect samples in the Asian marginal seas for monsoon studies. Clift also works with the tectonics and nature of mass recycling in subduction zones. Prior to Louisiana he was Kilgour Professor of Geology at the University of Aberdeen from 2004 to 2012. Clift worked for the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution as a research scientist (1995–2004), was a staff scientist with the Ocean Drilling Program at Texas A&M University (1993–1995) and was a research fellow at the University of Edinburgh (1990–1993) sponsored by BP and the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Clift took his bachelor's degree at the University of Oxford, where he was a student at Worcester College. He completed his Ph.D. on the geology of southern Greece in 1990 at University of Edinburgh. In 2014 he was awarded a Doctor of Science by the University of Oxford
Peter Clift grew up in Ware, Hertfordshire where he attended St. Edmund's College. His father, Donald W. Clift, also a native of Ware, worked for BP, including in Beijing, China for five years. His mother Margaret T. Clift (née Feighan) is from Cullyhanna, Northern Ireland. In 1994 Clift married Chryseis Fox in Bryan, Texas. Chryseis was born in New York City but grew up in Texas, and lived for several years in Miami. She works in book design at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- 2009, Fellow at the Hanse Wissenschaftskolleg in Delmenhorst, Lower Saxony, Germany.
- 2008, Elected a Fellow of the Geological Society of America.
- 2005, Appointed as visiting professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou.
- 2005, Murchison Fund, Geological Society of London, UK
- 2005–2007, Humboldt Foundation Fellow, University of Bremen, Germany
- 2004, Visiting lecturer, University of Tokyo, Japan
- 2003, Visiting lecturer, National Central University and Academia Sinica, Taiwan
- 2001, Swiney Trust invited visiting lecturer, University of Edinburgh, UK
- 1987, Worcester College, University of Oxford, Prize for Excellence
Major recent publications
The most cited of them are:
- Clift, P.D. and Vannucchi, P., 2004. Controls on tectonic accretion versus erosion in subduction zones: Implications for the origin and recycling of the continental crust. Reviews of Geophysics, 42, RG2001, doi:10.1029/2003RG000127. Times Cited: 342
- Robertson AHF, Clift PD, Degnan PJj, et al., "Paleogeographic And Paleotectonic Evolution Of The Eastern Mediterranean Neotethys"
- Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 87 (1-4): 289-343 October 1991, cited 264 times
- Larsen HC, Saunders AD, Clift PD, Et Al., "7-Million Years Of Glaciation In Greenland" Science 264 (5161): 952-955 13 May 1994 Times Cited: 137
- Clift, P.D. and Blusztajn, J., 2005. Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago. Nature, 438, 1001–1003, doi:10.1038/nature04379. Times Cited: 59
- Clift, P.D., Shimizu, N., Layne, G., Gaedicke, C., Schlüter, H.U., Clark, M. and Amjad, S., 2001. Development of the Indus Fan and its significance for the erosional history of the western Himalaya and Karakoram. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 113, 1039–1051. Times Cited: 85
Peter Clift's web page 
- Clift, P. D., K. Hodges, D. Heslop, R. Hannigan, L. V. Hoang, and G. Calves (2008), Greater Himalayan exhumation triggered by Early Miocene monsoon intensification, Nature Geosci., 1, 875-880, doi:10.1038/ngeo351.
- Clift, P. D. (2002), A brief history of the Indus River, in The Tectonic and Climatic Evolution of the Arabian Sea Region, edited by P. D. Clift, D. Kroon, C. Gaedicke and J. Craig, Geol. Soc. Lond. Spec. Publ., 195, Geological Society, London, pp. 237-258.
- Clift, P. D., and J. S. Blusztajn (2005), Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago, Nature, 438, 1001-1003.
- Clift, P. D., A. Carter, L. Giosan, J. Durcan, A. R. Tabrez, A. Alizai, S. VanLaningham, G. A. T. Duller, M. G. Macklin, D. Q. Fuller, and M. Danish (in press), U-Pb zircon dating evidence for a Pleistocene Sarasvati River and Capture of the Yamuna River, Geology.
- Clift, P. D. (2006), Controls on the erosion of Cenozoic Asia and the flux of clastic sediment to the ocean, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 241, 571-580.
- Clift, P., and P. Vannucchi (2004), Controls on tectonic accretion versus erosion in subduction zones; implications for the origin and recycling of the continental crust, Rev. Geophys., 42, doi:10.1029/2003RG000127.