Pertti Edvard Salolainen CBE (born 19 October 1940 Helsinki) is a Finnish politician. He has served as MP from the National Coalition Party (1970–1996, 2007–) and party chairman (1991–1994) and Minister (1987–1995).
Salolainen was born on 19 October 1940 in Helsinki during the Interim Peace period to the family of sergeant Edvard Salolainen and the shopkeeper Ella Salolainen (née Lundqvist)
He graduated as Master of Science in Economics from the Helsinki School of Economics in 1969.
Salolainen began his career as a Finnish Broadcasting Company's television newsreader and editor in 1962–1965. He was a producer of Finnish Broadcasting Company's financial programs from 1965 to 1966, BBC World Service Finnish language editorial editor in London in 1966 and Finnish Broadcasting Company's correspondent in London from 1966 to 1969.
Salolainen was elected to the Parliament of Finland for the first time in the 1970 parliamentary elections. In Parliament, he served as Deputy Chairman of the Social Committee (1970–1975) and Chairman of the Finance Committee (1979–1987). Salolainen was also a member of the Helsinki City Council between 1972 and 1984.
He was a questioned publicity in 1989, being visiting China as the first Western official guest after the massacre of Tiananmein Square. The decision to travel to China was made by the government and had the approval from President Mauno Koivisto.
Salolainen continued as Foreign Trade Minister and Deputy Prime Minister between 1991 and 1995 in the Aho Government In the early 1990s, he was responsible for the Finnish membership negotiations in the European Union.
Salolainen has later told that he and other ministers had gotten death treats at the time, when Finland negotiated the membership in the EU. He has told later that he was under the protection of Finnish Security Intelligence Service because the death threats were considered serious.
In 1991 Salolainen was elected as the Chairman of the National Coalition Party after Ilkka Suominen. He was in charged until 1994 when he was succeeded by Sauli Niinistö. Salolainen left the Parliament in October 1996 after he was appointed as the Finland's Ambassador to London. He Ambassador under 2004. He was replaced in Parliament by Pirjo-Riitta Antvuori.
Return to politics in 2004
He returned to the Parliament from Helsinki as National Coalition Party's candidate with the fourth highest number of votes (8,621 votes) In his previous election, Salolainen had been the highest vote getter.
In the 2011 parliamentary elections, Salolainen was elected for a further term of 6, 205 votes 
London City granted Salolainen the Honorary Freemen of the City of London status in 1998. In Finland, he was awarded the Minister honorary title in 2004. Salolainen has also been awarded Order of the Lion of Finland and the Finnish Association for Nature Conservation's golden badge
Allegation of anti-Semitism
In 2012, Salolainen said on a television program that the United States cannot take a neutral stance on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict due to the influence of the American Jews. The Simon Wiesenthal Center demanded him to be removed from office because of this comment. According to the Center, Salolainen reiterated "an anti-Semitic story about Jewish secret sociaties. Salolainen denied that his comment was anti-Semitic.
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- "Eduskuntavaalit 18.3.2007: Valitut ehdokkaat Helsingin vaalipiiri". Oikeusministeriö.
- "Eduskuntavaalit 17.4.20011: Valitut ehdokkaat Helsingin vaalipiiri". Oikeusministeriö.
- "Curriculum". Pertti Salolainen.
- Suomalaispoliitikon kommentti suututti juutalaiset Iltalehti on 1 December 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2016.